Adobe System


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Adobe System

  1. 1. Adobe Systems From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Adobe Systems Incorporated Public (NASDAQ: ADBE) Type Mountain View, California (1982) Founded San Jose, California, USA Headquarters Charles Geschke, Founder John Warnock, Founder Key people Shantanu Narayen, President & CEO Software[1] Industry See complete products listing Products ▲ $3.158 billion USD (2007)[2] Revenue 6,677 (December 2007)[3] Employees Website
  2. 2. Adobe Systems Incorporated (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: /əˈdoʊbiː/) (NASDAQ: ADBE) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. The company has historically focused upon the creation of multimedia and creativity software products, with a more-recent foray into rich Internet application software development. Adobe was founded in December 1982[3] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell the PostScript page description language. In 1985, Apple Computer licensed PostScript for use in its LaserWriter printers, which helped spark the desktop publishing revolution. The company name Adobe comes from Adobe Creek, which ran behind the house of one of the company's founders.[3] Adobe acquired its former competitor, Macromedia, in December 2005, which added newer software products and platforms, such as Adobe Flash and Adobe Flex, to its product portfolio. As of January 2007, Adobe Systems has 6,677 employees,[3] about 40% of whom work in San Jose. Adobe also has major development operations in Seattle, Washington; San Francisco, California; Ottawa, Ontario; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Newton, Massachusetts; San Luis Obispo, California; Hamburg, Germany; Noida, India; Bangalore, India; Bucharest, Romania. Since 1995, Fortune has ranked Adobe as an outstanding place to work. Adobe was rated the fifth-best U.S. company to work for in 2003, sixth in 2004, 31st in 2007, 40th in 2008, and eleventh in 2009.[4] In 2007 Adobe ranked 9th on the list of largest software companies in the world.[5] In May 2008, Adobe Systems India was ranked 19th in great place to work in India.[6] In October 2008, Adobe Systems Canada Inc. was named one of quot;Canada's Top 100 Employersquot; by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's newsmagazine.[7] Contents 1 History o 1.1 Top competitors o 1.2 Company events  1.2.1 1992  1.2.2 1999  1.2.3 2003  1.2.4 2004  1.2.5 2005  1.2.6 2006  1.2.7 2007  1.2.8 2008 2 Corporate leadership 3 Products 4 Financial information o 4.1 Revenue  4.1.1 2000s  4.1.2 1990s
  3. 3. 5 Criticism 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links [edit] History Adobe Systems headquarters in San Jose, California. Adobe's first products after PostScript were digital fonts, which they released in a proprietary format called Type 1. Apple subsequently developed a competing standard, TrueType, which provided full scalability and precise control of the pixel pattern created by the font's outlines, and licensed it to Microsoft. Adobe responded by publishing the Type 1 specification and releasing Adobe Type Manager, software that allowed WYSIWYG scaling of Type 1 fonts on screen, like TrueType, although without the precise pixel-level control. But these moves were too late to stop the rise of TrueType. Although Type 1 remained the standard in the graphics/publishing market, TrueType became the standard for business and the average Windows user. In 1996, Adobe and Microsoft announced the OpenType font format, and in 2003 Adobe completed converting its Type 1 font library to OpenType. In the mid-1980s, Adobe entered the consumer software market with Adobe Illustrator, a vector- based drawing program for the Apple Macintosh. Illustrator, which grew from the firm's in- house font-development software, helped popularize PostScript-enabled laser printers. Unlike MacDraw, then the standard Macintosh vector drawing program, Illustrator described shapes with more flexible Bézier curves, providing unprecedented accuracy. Font rendering in Illustrator, however, was left to the Macintosh's QuickDraw libraries and would not be superseded by a PostScript-like approach until Adobe released Adobe Type Manager. In 1989, Adobe introduced what was to become its flagship product, Adobe Photoshop for the Macintosh. Stable and full-featured, Photoshop 1.0 was ably marketed by Adobe and soon dominated the market.[8]
  4. 4. Arguably, one of Adobe's few missteps on the Macintosh platform was their failure to develop their own desktop publishing (DTP) program. Instead, Aldus with PageMaker in 1985 and Quark with QuarkXPress in 1987 gained early leads in the DTP market. Adobe was also slow to address the emerging Windows DTP market. However, Adobe made great strides in that market with release of InDesign and its bundled Creative Suite offering. In a failure to predict the direction of computing, Adobe released a complete version of Illustrator for Steve Jobs' ill-fated NeXT system, but a poorly produced version for Windows. Despite these missteps, licensing fees from the PostScript interpreter allowed Adobe to outlast or acquire many of its rivals in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In December 1991, Adobe released Adobe Premiere, which Adobe rebranded to Adobe Premiere Pro in 2003. In 1994, Adobe acquired Aldus and added Adobe PageMaker and Adobe After Effects to its production line later in the year; it also controls the TIFF file format. In 1995, Adobe added Adobe FrameMaker, the long-document DTP application, to its production line after Adobe acquired Frame Technology Corp. In 1999, Adobe introduced Adobe InCopy as a direct competitor to QuarkCopyDesk.[9] [edit] Top competitors According to Hoovers[10] Adobe's top competitors are: Apple Inc. Microsoft Quark, Inc. [edit] Company events [edit] 1992 Acquired OCR Systems, Inc. [edit] 1999 Acquired GoLive Systems, Inc. and released Adobe GoLive. Shipped Adobe InDesign as a direct competitor to QuarkXPress and eventual replacement for PageMaker. [edit] 2003 May: Acquired Syntrillium Software, adding Adobe Audition to its product line. [edit] 2004 December: Acquired French company OKYZ S.A., makers of 3D collaboration software. The acquisition added 3D technology and expertise to the Adobe Intelligent Document Platform.
  5. 5. [edit] 2005 quot;Formerly Macromediaquot; logo December 12, 2005: Acquired its main rival Macromedia in a stock swap valued at about $3.4 billion adding: Adobe ColdFusion, Adobe Contribute, Adobe Captivate, Adobe Acrobat Connect (formerly Macromedia Breeze), Adobe Director, Adobe Dreamweaver, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Flash, Macromedia FlashPaper, Adobe Flex, Macromedia FreeHand, Macromedia HomeSite, Macromedia JRun, Adobe Presenter, and Macromedia Authorware to Adobe's production line.[11][12][13] [edit] 2006 October: Adobe acquires Serious Magic, makers of Visual Communicator and video blogging application, Vlog It![14] November: Sr. Vice-President of Corporate Marketing Melissa Dyrdahl retires from Adobe[15] to co-found startup Bring Light with fellow Adobe alum Drew McManus[16] December: The firm's headquarters buildings in San Jose received three Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design platinum certifications.[17][18] [edit] 2007 January: Released Adobe Photoshop Lightroom to assist photographers in managing digital images and doing post production work. The product was intended as a competitor to Apple's Aperture in the RAW image editing market. May 2007: Acquired Scene7, which makes an image processing and display platform used in many retail sites on the web. July: Adobe released Adobe Soundbooth. This product was not intended to replace the existing Adobe Audition but merely to provide an environment for professionals not specializing in audio. August 3, 2007: announced their plans to discontinue development of Authorware, the “visual authoring tool for creating rich-media e-learning applications for delivery on corporate networks, CD/DVD, and the Web.” Authorware was one of the development tools acquired in the Macromedia/Adobe merger. This was replaced by Adobe Captivate. October 2007: Acquired Virtual Ubiquity, with its online word processor, Buzzword. November 12, 2007: CEO, Bruce Chizen resigns. Effective December 1, he is to be replaced by Shantanu Narayen, Adobe's current president and Chief Operating Officer. Bruce Chizen is expected to serve out his term on Adobe's Board of Directors, and then continue in a strategic advisory role until the end of Adobe's 2008 fiscal year. In December 2007, Apple Inc. released a security update for Mac OS X and Mac OS X Server to address vulnerabilities in the Adobe products Flash and Shockwave and in Tar, a GNU utility. Among the problems addressed were the ability to quot;execute arbitrary codequot; and to quot;surreptitiously initiate a video conferencequot;.[19]
  6. 6. [edit] 2008 April: Adobe releases Adobe Media Player. Many videos and tutorials available for entertainment or training. 27 April: Adobe discontinues development and sales of its older HTML/web development software, GoLive in favour of Dreamweaver. Adobe offers a discount on Dreamweaver for GoLive users and supports those who still use GoLive with online tutorials and migration assistance. 1 June: Adobe launches, a series of web applications geared for collaborative work. [20] Creative Suite 4 which includes Design, Web, Production Premium and Master Collection came out in October 2008 in six configurations at prices from about USD $1,700 to $2,500[21] or by individual application.[22] The Windows version of Photoshop includes 64-bit processing.[22] December 3, 2008: Adobe lays off 600 of its employees (8% of the worldwide staff) citing the weak economic environment. [edit] Corporate leadership Executive Board[23] Charles M. Geschke Co-Chairman of the Board John E. Warnock Co-Chairman of the Board Shantanu Narayen President & Chief Executive Officer (2005 Compensation: $1.08 M USD) Karen Cottle Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary Mark Garrett Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Donna Morris Senior Vice President, Human Resources Kevin Lynch Senior Vice President - Experience & Technology Group, Chief Technology Officer [edit] Products Main article: List of Adobe software Adobe's products include desktop software, such as Adobe Photoshop (part of the Adobe Creative Suite) and Adobe Audition server software, such as Adobe ColdFusion and Adobe LiveCycle technologies, such as Portable Document Format (PDF), PDF's predecessor PostScript, and Flash web hosted services as Adobe Kuler, Photoshop Express, and
  7. 7. [edit] Financial information Adobe Systems entered NASDAQ in 1986. Adobe's 2006 revenues were $2.575 billion USD.[24] As of February 2007, Adobe's market capitalization was roughly $23 billion USD; as of August 2007, its shares were trading on the NASDAQ for around $40 USD, with a P/E ratio of about 49 and EPS of about $0.82.[24] As of March 2008, Adobe's market capitalization was roughly $18 billion USD; its shares were trading on the NASDAQ for around $33 USD, with a P/E ratio of about 27 and EPS of about $1.21.[24] [edit] Revenue [edit] 2000s [edit] 1990s Fiscal year Revenue Fiscal year Revenue $3.58 billion [25] $1.015 billion[31] 2008 1999 $3.158 billion [26] $0.895 billion[32] 2007 1998 $2.675 billion[27] $0.912 billion[32] 2006 1997 $1.966 billion[27] $0.787 billion[32] 2005 1996 $1.667 billion[28] $0.762 billion[32] 2004 1995 $1.295 billion[29] $0.676 billion[32] 2003 1994 $1.165 billion[29] 2002 $1.230 billion[30] 2001
  8. 8. $1.156 billion[31] 2000 [edit] Criticism Adobe has been extensively criticised[33][34][35] for its pricing practices, with retail prices being as much as twice as high[36] in foreign countries than in the domestic market. [edit] See also Companies portal Adobe Engagement Platform Adobe Solutions Network OpenType PDF PostScript Adobe ColdFusion Adobe MAX US v. ElcomSoft Sklyarov MEI (Managing Editor Inc.) - Adobe reseller, distributor of the K4 Publishing System that works with Adobe InCopy and InDesign, and developer of publishing software that works with Adobe products [edit] Notes 1. ^ Adobe - Company Overview - Hoover's 2. ^ quot;Company Profile for Adobe Systems Inc (ADBE)quot;. Retrieved on 2008-09-29. 3. ^ a b c d quot;Adobe Fast Factsquot; (PDF). 2007-01-15. Retrieved on 2007-04-18. 4. ^ quot;100 Best Companies to Work For 2009quot;. 5. ^ Software Top 100: quot;The World's Largest Software Companiesquot; 6. ^ quot;Best Places to work in Indiaquot;. 7. ^ quot;Reasons for Selection, 2009 Canada's Top 100 Employers Competitionquot;. 8. ^ Hormby, Thomas. quot;How Adobe's Photoshop Was Bornquot;. SiliconUser. Retrieved on June 12 2007. 9. ^ About Adobe - Press Room - For Immediate Release 10. ^ Adobe - Company Overview - Hoover's
  9. 9. 11. ^ Adobe (April 18, 2005). Adobe to acquire Macromedia. Press release. Retrieved on 2007- 03-31. 12. ^ Macromedia (April 18, 2005). ADOBE TO ACQUIRE MACROMEDIA. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. 13. ^ Graham, Jefferson (2005-04-18). quot;Adobe buys Macromedia in $3.4B dealquot;. USA Today. macromedia_x.htm?csp=34. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. 14. ^ quot;Adobe acquires Serious Magicquot;. InfoWorld. 2006-10-19. Retrieved on 2008- 10-25. 15. ^ quot;People On the Movequot;. San Jose Business Journal. 2006-11-20. Retrieved on 2009-02-14. 16. ^ quot;Tapping Internet to Help Nonprofitsquot;. San Jose Mercury News. 2007-05-26. Retrieved on 2007-07-02. 17. ^ quot;Adobe Headquarters Awarded Highest Honors from U.S. Green Building Councilquot;. 18. ^ quot;The Greenest Office in Americaquot;. 19. ^ quot;US-CERT email and National Cyber Alert System: Technical Cyber Security Alert TA07- 352Aquot;. US-CERT now United States Department of Homeland Security. December 18, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. 20. ^ Erik Larson (2008-06-01). quot;Welcome to - Work. Together. Anywhere.quot;. Adobe. Retrieved on 2008-06-02. 21. ^ quot;Adobe launches Creative Suite 4; Likely to top low expectationsquot;. ZDNet (CBS). September 23, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-09-23. 22. ^ a b Carlson, Jeff (September 23, 2008). quot;Adobe Announces Vast Creative Suite 4quot;. TidBITS. Retrieved on 2008-09-23. 23. ^ 24. ^ a b c quot;Adobe Systems Incorporated Company Profilequot;. Google Finance. 25. ^ Q4 and FY2008 earnings press release 26. ^ Macsimum News - Adobe announces record revenue 27. ^ a b 28. ^ 29. ^ a b Adobe Systems Reports Record Quarterly and Annual Revenue 30. ^ 31. ^ a b 32. ^ a b c d e 33. ^ quot;Photographers take stand against Adobequot;. http://www.bjp- 34. ^ quot;Adobe responds to CS4 pricing criticismquot;.,1000000121,39497760,00.htm?r=1. 35. ^ quot;Adobe defends CS4 pricingquot;. pricing/0,339028227,339292472,00.htm. 36. ^ quot;Adobe responds to customer protests against perceived unfair pricing.quot;.
  10. 10. [edit] References quot;Adobe Logo Historyquot; (HTML). systems-logo-history.html. quot;Adobe timelinequot; (PDF). Archived from the original on 2006-01-06. quot;Patents owned by Adobe Systemsquot;. US Patent & Trademark Office. Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2Fsearch- adv.htm&r=0&p=1&f=S&l=50&Query=an%2F%22Adobe+Systems%22&d=ptxt. Retrieved on 8 December 2005. San Jose Semaphore on Adobe's building quot;Adobe Systems Incorporated Company Profilequot;. Yahoo!. [edit] External links Media related to Adobe Systems at Wikimedia Commons Adobe Systems Video and Audio on MarketWatch v•d•e Adobe Systems Creative Suite · eLearning Suite · Technical Communication Suite · Acrobat · Audition · Digital Editions · Director · GoLive · Desktop software PageMaker · Photoshop Lightroom · more Adobe Reader · Flash Player · AIR · Adobe Media Player · Readers and players Shockwave Player ColdFusion · LiveCycle · Flash Media Server · JRun · Premiere Server software Express · Photoshop Express · BlazeDS PostScript · PDF · FlashPaper · Authorware · Flash · Font Folio · Technology DNG · Flex · AIR Adobe Solutions Network Services Bruce Chizen · Charles Geschke · Shantanu Narayen · John Warnock · Board of directors Del Yocam Mergers and acquisitions · Aldus · Macromedia · Scene7 Acquisitions v•d•e Major information technology companies Alcatel-Lucent · Apple · Audiovox · HTC · Kyocera · LG · Cellular hardware Motorola · Nokia · Palm · Qualcomm · RIM · Samsung ·
  11. 11. Sanyo · Sony Ericsson Bull · GE · HCL · Hitachi · LG · NCR · Panasonic (JVC, Matsushita) · Philips · Samsung · Siemens (Infineon, Conglomerates Qimonda) · Sony · Thomson · Toshiba · Vivendi · Wipro Infotech · Yamaha 3Com · Alcatel-Lucent · Allied Telesis · Avaya · Ericsson · 3G Networks Huawei · Nokia Siemens · ZTE Amazon · AOL · eBay · Expedia · Google · Dot-coms IAC/InterActiveCorp · Monster Worldwide · Yahoo! AMD · Analog Devices · ATI Technologies · Fairchild · Freescale · Infineon · Intel · Micron · National Semiconductor · NVIDIA · NXP · Renesas · ROHM · Semiconductors (General) Skyworks · STMicroelectronics · Texas Instruments · TSMC Celestica · Elcoteq · Flextronics · Foxconn · Jabil · Kimball · Electronics manufacturers Plexus · Quanta · Sanmina-SCI · SMTC Accenture · ACS · Atos Origin · Avanade · BearingPoint · Booz Allen Hamilton · BT · Capgemini · CGI · Cognizant · CSC · Deloitte · EDS · First Data · Fujitsu · Getronics · HCL Technologies · IBM Global Services · Indra · Infosys · IT services Keane · Logica · Neusoft · PA · Perot · SAIC · Sapient · Satyam · Steria · Syntel · TCS · Tech Mahindra · ThoughtWorks · Tieto · Titan · Unisys · Virtusa · Wipro · Xansa Brocade · Cisco Systems · Juniper Networks Network hardware BenQ · Sharp · Sony · Trident Microsystems · ViewSonic Display / DTV Adobe · CA · Compuware · Corel · IBM · Idealab · Intuit · Microsoft · Oracle · PTC · Red Hat · SAP · Sun Software Microsystems Activision Blizzard · Namco Bandai Games · Capcom · Codemasters · EA · Infogrames · Nintendo · Sega · Sony Gaming Computer Entertainment · Take-Two Interactive · Valve Corporation Acer · Apple · Asus · Dell · Hewlett-Packard · Hitachi · Computer and server systems IBM · Lenovo · NEC · Panasonic · Sony · Sun · Toshiba AVG Technologies · ESET · F-Secure · Kaspersky Lab · Security McAfee · SOFTWIN · Sophos · Symantec · Trend Micro v•d•e Companies of the NASDAQ-100 index (As of January 20, 2009) Activision Blizzard · Adobe · Akamai Technologies · Altera · · Amgen · Apollo Group · Apple · Applied Materials · Autodesk · Automatic Data Processing · Baidu · Bed Bath & Beyond · Biogen Idec · Broadcom · C. H. Robinson Worldwide · CA, Inc. · Celgene · Cephalon ·
  12. 12. Check Point · Cintas · Cisco · Citrix · Cognizant Technology Solutions · Comcast · Costco · Dell · DENTSPLY International · Dish Network Corporation · eBay · Electronic Arts · Expedia · Expeditors International · Express Scripts · Fastenal · First Solar · Fiserv · Flextronics · FLIR Systems · Foster Wheeler · Garmin · Genzyme · Gilead Sciences · Google · Hansen Natural · Henry Schein · Hologic · IAC/InterActiveCorp · Illumina · Infosys · Intel · Intuit · Intuitive Surgical · J.B. Hunt · Joy Global · Juniper Networks · KLA-Tencor · Lam Research · Liberty Global · Liberty Media · Life Technologies · Linear Technology · Logitech · Marvell · Maxim Integrated Products · Microchip Technology · Microsoft · Millicom International Cellular · NetApp · News Corporation · NII · Nvidia · O'Reilly Automotive · Oracle · PACCAR · Patterson Companies · Paychex · Pharmaceutical Product Development · Qualcomm · Research In Motion · Ross Stores · Ryanair · Seagate · Sears · Sigma-Aldrich · Staples · Starbucks · Steel Dynamics · Stericycle · Sun Microsystems · Symantec · Teva Pharmaceutical Industries · The DirecTV Group · Urban Outfitters · VeriSign · Vertex Pharmaceuticals · Warner Chilcott · Wynn Resorts · Xilinx · Yahoo! v•d•e Plugins Adobe SVG Viewer · Batik · DENG · eSVG · librsvg · Renesis List of Plugins HTML · XML · XHTML · Graphics · CSS · DOM · HTML 5 · ECMAScript · SVG · Deprecated and proprietary Tags and Comparison of Plugins Atrributes Retrieved from quot;; Categories: Companies listed on NASDAQ | Companies in the NASDAQ-100 Index | Adobe Systems | Companies based in San Jose, California | Computer companies of the United States | Software companies of the United States | Type foundries | Companies established in 1982 Hidden category: Portal:Companies/Total Views Article Discussion Edit this page History Personal tools Log in / create account Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Search
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