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Evaluate your invention



Your invention is good or bad (?) The important thing is to evaluate it... This slide introduce how to practice invention & procedure of evaluation

Your invention is good or bad (?) The important thing is to evaluate it... This slide introduce how to practice invention & procedure of evaluation



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    Evaluate your invention Evaluate your invention Presentation Transcript

    • Evaluate your invention industrial applicabilityor industrial application is a patentability requirement Industrial Applicability Chen JingFung (Grace) @csie.ntut.edu.tw 2012/03/08Chapter 2 &4, “Patent It Yourself: Your Step-by-Step Guide” 15th, 2011, ISBN: 1413313825
    • Outline• Invention practice• Evaluate your invention – Building a prototype – Commercial concept – Examine it – Secret vs. ask for advice (?) grace@csie.ntut 2
    • Invention practice (1-1)• Problem: – Excavators damage buried cable (or pipes) grace@csie.ntut 3
    • Invention practice (1-2)• Problem: – Excavators damage buried cable (or pipes) – Solution New-use: invention point: “colorful” grace@csie.ntut 4
    • Invention practice (1-3)• Problem: – Police pistols are fired by unauthorized persons Right gay? grace@csie.ntut 5
    • Invention practice (1-4)• Problem: – Police pistols are fired by unauthorized persons – Solution Samarium Cobalt Magnets (SmCo) grace@csie.ntut 6
    • Gyroscopic Top (2-1) Axis-cycle• Problem: is stably ? Fig ref: boomerangs.com – Mr. Brown found hardly set a gyroscope’s rotor in motion • Principle – a spinning wheel set in a movable frame. When the wheel spins, it retains its spatial orientation, and it resists external forces applied to it. • Application – used in navigation instruments (for ships, planes, and rockets) Foucault, FR physicist, 1st person demo it likes earth rotates 1851) Fig ref: scienceblogs.com 7 grace@csie.ntut
    • Gyroscopic Top (2-2) US3945146 (1976)• Problem: – Mr. Brown found hardly set a gyroscope’s rotor in motion Foucault, FR physicist, 1851)• Solution: – Inventor: Paul L. Brown’s (Wiz-z-erTM) 1st royalty = 5 x his annual salary USD322100 (1991) Photo ref: ta0.com 8 grace@csie.ntut
    • Xerography (3-1)• Problem: – Daily job need to review many patents – Copying documents cost much time & operating complicatedly carbon paper be patented in 1806 grace@csie.ntut 9
    • Xerography (3-2) • Problem: carbon paper be patented in 1806 – Copying US2297691 documents cost time & operating complicatedly • Solution – Mr. Carlson, a patent attorney, invented a light- reflection copier at his spare time • Kodak rejected his propose • Haloid Co. accepted it & changed its name to Xerox Co. grace@csie.ntut 10http://www.xerox.com/innovation/chester-carlson-xerography/enus.html
    • Summary – invention skills (4-1)• Most inventions’ creation by Ivory® Ad: “It Floats!” recognizing a problem & finding a solution – KISS (Keep It Simple, Stupid!) • One important principle to successful inventing – “Accident” -> “Good idea” • Ex. A worker left the soap-making machine on too long, causing air to be dispersed into the soap mixture as Ivory® – P&G ordered the extended mix time as a standard setting 11 grace@csie.ntut
    • Summary – invention skills (4-2)• Most inventions’ creation by recognizing a problem & finding a solution – Try to conceive of ramifications to enhance its value • If you have trouble => use nonlinear tech. let go of assumptions… – Beware of the novice inventors’ PGL • Paranoia, Greed, Laziness Paranoia Laziness Greed grace@csie.ntut 12
    • Why evaluate your invention (1-1)• Reason – Avoid needless expense & effort, don’t spend significant time or money on your creation – Should proceed: • Put your creation to be sold profitably for a significant period of time Over x 20 Cost1 To spend for Cost1: searching,$100,000 in building a model profits or & patenting royalties grace@csie.ntut 13
    • Why evaluate your invention (1-2)• Misconception: “patented failure” – Get a patent will be assured of fame & fortune – “It is to be remembered, that the pursuit of wealth by means of new inventions is a very precarious and uncertain one; • a lottery where there are many thousand tickets for each prize.” —Eli Whitney grace@csie.ntut 14
    • Patent Application: PPA vs. RPA Utility patent (RPA)• RPA: Regular Patent Application has 1 yr secret!! “1 yr rule”: 35USC 102 The invention is 1st 1 yr to start sold for sale test marketing File a valid patent application• PPA: Provisional Patent Application Almost a yr Apply PPA to test File a RPA market Examining it is feasible (?) grace@csie.ntut 15
    • Building a prototype• How to evaluate your invention? Task board – Building a prototype to test operability • Try to have them made of cardboard by an economical prototyping technique Fig ref: xqa.com.ar • Simulation by computer-world simulation » Ensure a field trial success reduces GaN HEMT (transistors) • Consult with a single expert production costs (< 1/3) in mobile base station amplifiers for 3G and beyond ref: fujitsu.com (IEDM 2004) grace@csie.ntut 16
    • Commercial concept• How to make your invention to generate a significant profit? – Problem: • How to promote, how well it’s designed, how well it’s packaged, the mood of the market, what time it 1st show (debut) … – Most marketing experts say: five “P” factors • Production • Price • Position (its place in the market) • Promotion • Perseverance grace@csie.ntut 17
    • Intangible factors for market – Talented design $60,000 USD Swiss 18K gold Westminster Chime carillon minute $15 RMB repeater by Constant Piguet circa 1900. vs. Fine 34 jewel frosted gilt movement with four hammers striking on four Fig ref: china.alibaba.com gongs and silent centrifugal Fig ref: bogoff.com governor. – Trademark (good slogan) Slogan: Slogan: “The daily diary of“Roaches check American Dream” in, but theydon’t check out” Fig ref: sillyslogan.com Fig ref: eamonn.com grace@csie.ntut 18
    • Commercial feasibility evaluation• Despite the marketing uncertainties to take your time run some scientific & objective work in 4 areas • Positive (+) & negative (-) marketing factors – attached to your invention + • Consultation - – with experts, potential users of the invention, marketing people, and others • Research – into prior developments in the same area as your invention, and • The operability of an actual construction of the invention grace@csie.ntut 19
    • “+” & “-” factors evaluation 20 grace@csie.ntut Ref: Patent It Yourself book P.499
    • “+” & “-” factors test (1-1)• Weight (-100 ~ 100) – Assign advantage or disadvantage weight on commercial value• Balance scale analogy – Help you understand the “+” & “-” factors – Don’t be used with any true quantitative accuracy – Team work: • discuss to a common criteria for evaluation Bias • Avoid bias grace@csie.ntut 21
    • “+” & “-” factors test (1-2)• Consider each negative value carefully – Even the negative value cause to change design or produce new production equipment – Keep to improvement it as early as possible • Didn’t justify the cost of replacing existing production equipment, or the cost associated with manufacturing & promoting the device• The positive factors – Great value to you help to convince a patent examiner • Proof: your invention’s patentability • Or when selling the invention to a potential licensee – Potential licensee: any organization or industry wanting to commercially utilize an invention 22 grace@csie.ntut
    • “+” & “-” factors summary• Summary those “+” & “-” factor for commercial evaluation purposes to a list – Make you focus on drawbacks (1 ~ more) – Provide a way of comparing 2 different inventions for relative value • Let you concentrate more effort on – “Sell” your invention to PTO, a potential licensee, or a judge (fight existing patents) • Examiner -><- you : unobvious – Best prove by new & unexpected (superior) results of the type listed above grace@csie.ntut 23
    • Use the techniques of Consultation & Research• Avoid bias to take the wrong path -> extend your investigation by doing some consultation & research – Make sure the field of your invention – Do your patentability search, • Using backgrounds to improve your ability – Prepare your application, – Market your invention & Protect – Deal with the PTO invention grace@csie.ntut 24
    • Call help – lay friends• Ask both nonprofessionals and experts in the particular field for an opinion, and researching the relevant literature – Tool: the positive and negative factors evaluation list – Nonprofessionals • They will tell you a consumer item what they like to purchase – Lay friends • Their opinion you trust and feel will be objective• Build a Working Model (WM) – Inquire as to what price they’d be willing to pay – Show WM to them and ask if they’d buy it and for what price grace@csie.ntut 25
    • Call help – Experts• Experts to be consulted in the particular field, they can supply you with relevant feedback – Salespeople and buyers in stores that sell devices similar to yours – Friends who are “in the business.” – Engineers, managers, or technicians in companies in the field of your invention – Scholars, educators, or professors who do research in the area of your invention – Pay $$ to use the independent invention evaluation • Ex. WISC (about USD $500), I2 Innovation Institute (about USD $200), MIC (about USD$160 ~ USD$5,000) … grace@csie.ntut 26
    • Nondisclosure vs. Disclosure Keep secret Ask for advice grace@csie.ntut 27
    • The part of Non- disclosure Agreement • Keeping Trade Secrets Richard Stim, Attorney, Nondisclosure Agreement for Inventors, March 2008, 6th Editiongrace@csie.ntut 28 Ref: Patent It Yourself book P.489-490
    • The template for Invention Disclosure 29 grace@csie.ntut Ref: Patent It Yourself book P.491
    • Summary• Start to practicing invention & evaluating it (invention) – Review the procedure as • Building a prototype, • Commercial concept, • check it again, and • Secret vs. ask for advice grace@csie.ntut 30
    • Reference• David Pressman, chapter 2 &4, “Patent It Yourself: Your Step-by-Step Guide” to Filing at the U.S. Patent Office, 2011, 15th edition, ISBN-10: 1413313825• Foucault pendulum in action at Houston Museum of Natural Science – about 180 degrees in 24 hours• Blog: http://fungsiong.blogspot.com/ – Introduce hybrid TV (hbbTV) including widget design, Android technology (API), system, ecosystem, framework, service, application…, – Agile for progressing: http://fungsiong.blogspot.com/search/label/Agile • About how to teamwork – Some programming info. as Apache wookie, refactoring tech, CE-HTML, a solution about removing a backdoor “Trojan” & surveillance paper grace@csie.ntut 31