e.g. Friday 13th, Scream, Psycho, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
e.g. Dawn of the Dead, Lake Placid, The decent
e.g. Halloween, Trick r’ Treat, The wicker man
e.g. Alien, Predator, Space Odyssey
e.g. Dracula, Frankenstein, The Wolfman
e.g. Silence of the lambs, The Sixth Sense, The Shining.
e.g. Paranormal Activity
e.g. Nightmare on Elm Street,
e.g. Dog Soldiers, 28 Days Later, Resident Evil
Blood & Gore
An extreme close up is used to capture the emotions of
characters, especially to establish the sense of fear and
surprise in the horror genre. We plan to use this shot in
our film production as it is easy to replicate and show
An establishing shot is always used in horror films
usually to set the scene for a murder. In this specific
establishing shot it helps to create an eerie feeling,
aided by the use of low-key lighting.
Similar to close-ups, reaction shots help to humanise
characters by showing the audience their reactions. In
this case the initial shot implies something awful has
happened. Again we plan to incorporate this into our
Shot reverse shot:
Shot reverse shots are commonly used to help address the relationship between two characters. This
is useful to establish the interaction between the characters and showing who is in control. This is
also done with the use of high and low angle shots. For example a high angle shot of the woman is
used to make her appear inferior and vulnerable whereas a low angle of the man is used which
makes him seem superior and dominant. This would be a useful technique to apply in our
Long shots are a very effective camera
technique as they emphasise a victim’s
isolation and vulnerability. Long shots
are easy to manipulate and will be
useful to include in our film.
Lighting is a key factor when composing our shots,
so its important to recognise the effects of using
different forms of lighting. Low-key lighting is useful
as it creates a spooky and eerie tone to the scene.
High-key lighting can be used to lure the audience
into a false sense of security in a horror film, which
will often be contrasted with the use of high-key
lighting. This will definitely be something to
consider during out production.
As part of special effect components, the
application of unnatural night has numerous
effects, such as to emphasise to the killer or
emotions of a certain character, like in this example
the use of light emphasises the killer’s presence.
Diegetic sounds can be emphasised to create
dramatic effect. Examples of these are:
Some of these sounds may be hard to replicate,
but we will definitely consider including them in
our film production, to add in a scene for
Non-diegetic sounds have similar effects to a film
in the ways in which it helps create tension,
suspense and emotion. Examples of these are:
• Incidental music
These are used in horror films for a specific
purpose. For example the build up to a climatic
scene as the music gets louder and faster building
up to a crescendo.
Theme songs are used throughout a film as a
recognisable piece of music in which the target
audience can identify and associate with. We may
consider using a theme song for our film
production to add a sense of professionalism
whilst sticking to conventions. Some examples of
iconic horror theme songs are:
•A Nightmare on Elm Street
Plots/ Narrative Structure
killed off one
killed off one
confronts killer and
By reviewing these two plots, we have noticed that they have similar narrative structures, which almost acts as a
convention itself as we expect some of these basic plots to occur. However it is evident from these two examples
that the order has been altered in some way to break the conventions in order to keep the plot entertaining for the
audience. We will consider this when it comes to outlining our narrative structure.
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.