• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
291
 

291

on

  • 496 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
496
Views on SlideShare
486
Embed Views
10

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 10

http://aloisiomagalhaesbr.wordpress.com 10

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    291 291 Document Transcript

    • leo ~1 0S INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL ON MONUMENTS-AND SITESCON S ElL I N T ERN A T ION A L DES M0 N U MEN T SET DES SIT E SI COM 0 S 75 RUE D UTE MP L E 7 5 003 PAR I S TEL: 2 7 7.3 5.7 6LISTE DU PATRIM:>INE MJNDIAL WJRLD HERITAGE LIsr N° 275 -------------- A) IDll-"TIFlCATlOO A) IDENTIFlCATlOO Bien propose : sao Miguel das MissOes Nanination : sao Miguel das MissOes Lieu : Etat de Rio Grande do Sul Location : Rio Grande do Sul State Etat partie : Bresil State party : Brazil Date: 30 oecembre 1982 Date : Decerrber 30, 1982 B) I<XM)S RE<XJI.1MENDATICN ,:Ie le bien culturel DrO""X)Se soit That the [>ro::osed cultural property inscrit sur la li~te du Patr;i..noine be inscriPe<i on the Horltl Heritage List I l-Drxlial dans le cadre d une pIO:tX>sition ",iti1in tile franewol;k of a Sjlobal proJ:.O~i - I glooale ccr.?renant leb principales t~ el~.~stng the principal Jesuit missions jesuites de I .Amerique du SUd. missions of South America. C) JUsrIFlCATIClJ C) JUsrIFlCATlOO La mission jesuite de S""ao Miguel, The outset for the Jesuit missim of I dabord fondee sur le site dItaia~ Sao Miguel, first founded on the site of en 1632, connut des debuts difficiles. ItaiacecO in 1632, was a difficult one. I La rMucticn fut transferee a Concep- The "reduccion" was transferred to ccnce1 cibl, puis, en 1687, sur Ie site actuel, cion, then, in 1687, to the present site au bard du Piratini : elle oanptait on the banks of the Piratini: it already deja a oette date pres de 4000 indiens cCllPrised at that date nearly 4,000 I christianises. christianized Indians. I Du village, construit selon Ie plan- Of the village, constructed follaNing type deerit au livre IV des Leyes de the plan described :in Bcx:lk IV of the Indias, il ne subsiste aucun batiment Leyes de Indias, not me building remains intact, mais les fondations de la resi- intact; only the foundatims of the dence des P~res, du college et de I en- residence of the Fathers, those of the ceinte du ci.meti~re, quelques vestiges school and of the walls of the cenetery de maisons d indiens. Seules vestiges as well as sare vestiges of Indian habi- ~videntes dans un site peric:diquement tations. In a site periodically invaded envahi par la vegetaticn, les ruines by vegetaticn are found the ruins of the de l~lise. Celle-ci est due a un ar- church. This latter is attributed to a chitecte jesuite d origine milanaise, Jesuit architect of Milanese origins, le ~re Gian Battista PrilToli, bien Father Gian Battista Prinoli, well knCMn oamu par ses travaux a Buenos Aires, for his work in Buenos Aires, CarddJa and Cordoba et Caloepc{on. L~lise de sao ConcepciOn. The church of sao Miguel das
    • - 2 -Miguel das MissOes etai t achevee p:mr MissOes was for the rrost part tenninatedlessentiel en 1744, lorsque Primoli in 1744, when Primoli left for Paraguay,parti t au Paraguay afin de construire before constructing the church of Tri-celIe de Trinidad. Les derniers travaux nidad. The final work, that of thede charpenterie et de couverture se carpentry and the roofing, were conrtenninerent en 1750. Dix ans plus tard, pleted in 1750. Ten years later, aun incendie ravageait cette belle egli- fire ravaged this beautiful Baroquese baroque; elle ne fut restaliree que church; it was restored in a ratherde fa~on pre caire dans les annees qui sl.lllTTBYy manner during the years whichprecederent lexpUlsion definitive des preceded the definitive expUlsion ofPeres Jesuites en 1768. the Fathers in 1768. Ses ruines, tres vUlnerables, ont Its ruins, which are highly vunera-fait receTIment lobjet de campagnes de ble, have recently undergone consoli-consolidation (1925-1928 et 1938-1980) • dation (campaigns: 1925-1928 and 1938-A partir de 1980, lUNESCO a ete con- 1980). Since 1980, UNESCO has beensUl tee au titre de la cooperation tech- asked to give technical cooperation.nique. II est recormrano.e l inscription des The inscri~tion of the ruins of Saoruines de :Jao iV.Liguel sur la liste du Higuel on the oorld Heritage List isPatri.In?ine lDn..iial dans Ie cadre u une reconrnended within the frar..c.~r.K of anowination globale concernant les global nomination concerning the Jesuitmissions j esllites d Arrl§ri~e Latine et hlidsions of Latin Amer~ca and assocj.ating3.ssociant les prop::>sitiOl);:; de plLl::>ieUYs the proPJsilions of several concernedztats rnerrbres concernes. States Party. ICOM)S, 1983.
    • -SAO MIGUEL D AS - MISSOES
    • ICONIOS I N T ERN A T I 0 .i A L COL .; elL 0 N 1 0 i U 1 E i T S i D SIT E S CON S ElL I N T ERN A T I 0 " A L [) E S: 1 0 " U :-1 E N T SET DES SIT E S CON S E J 0 I N T ERN A C ION i L () E 1 () ,j U 1 E N T 0 S Y SIT lOS ME)I(llYHAPOllHbIH COBET no BonpOCAM nAM5ITHHKOB H llOCTonPHME4ATEnbHbIX MECTLISTE DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL WORLD HERITAGE LIST N° 291 ----- A) IDENTIFICATION A) IDENTIFICATION Bien propose: ~1issions j~suites des Nomina tion: Jesu,xt Hissions of the Guaranis SUaranis Lieu: Misiones, region nord-est Loca tion: Misiones, north-east region Etat partie: Argentine State oarty: Argentina Datle: 20 septembre 1983 Da te : September 20, 1983 B) RECOMMANDATION DE LICOMOS B) ICOMOS RECOMMENDATION LICOMOS reoammande linscription de San ICCllOS recamends the inscrintion of San Ignacio Mini et r=:. raJlie ynlontiers Ignacio Min:f. and suT"""():rts tlle i..nscrintion a linscriotion aes 4 biens. of the 4 ~ropert~eR.~--~~------------------------------~----------------------------------------4 C) JUSTIFICATION C) JUSTIFICATION Examinant, lors de la session de During its 1983 session, when exa-:- . 1983, a la suite dune derPande du gou- m.ini.ncrthe nroposal for inclusion of a vernerrent bresilien la proposition d Jec:~pit -I!Ii.ssion -(Sao TvTj.~el c:as Missoes) on . inscription dune miss,.j.on jesuite (Sao t~e ~brld Eeritage List following a request Miguel das Missoes) sur la Liste du Pa- by the Brazilian governm:mt, the Conmittee triIroine fundial, Ie Camite avait esti- felt that the existence of the civilization ~ que Ie fait de civilisation dent te- attested to f:rc:F California to the Republic rroignent, de la Californie a la Republi of Argentina by the "reducciones", could que Argentine, les "reductions", p::>uvait hardly be epitomized or even evoked by a difficilerrent etre resurre ou merre eve- single 9}(..arrple. que, par un seul exenple. Based on the conclusion of a re- Se fondant sur les conclusions . p::>rt of ICCf.fOS, written by Jorge Osvaldo du rapport de l ICCM)S, redige par Jorge Gazaneo, the Ccmnittee then decided that Osvaldo Gazaneo, Ie Camite avai t alors the therre of Jesuit Missions, should be the decide que Ie thene des Missions jesui- subject of supplerrentaJ:y proposals associa- tes devait faire 1 objet de prop::>sitioru ting for South Arrerica, Brazi1.and Argenti- cx:xcplenentaires associant, p::>ur l ArrEri- na, already rrembers of the Convention, with que du SUd, Ie Bresil et l Argentine, out waiting for the eventual ratification etats nerrbres de la Convention, sans at of Paraguay. tendre leventualite dune ratification de celle-ci par Ie Paraguay. Officic_lly announced by the go- verrnrentof the Republic of Argentina at ICOMOS· fhitcl SainHignan. 75 Rue du Temple. 75003 Pans Td. 2773576 Cable address / Adrcssc tckgraphiquc ICOMOS PARIS
    • - 2 - Officiellement annoncee par Ie the 1983 session, the proposal for inclu-gouvernement de la Republique Argentine sifln concerns four guarani "reducciones"a la session de 1983, la proposition d out of a possible fifteen which are loca_inscription concerne quatre reductions ted within its national boundaries : Sanguaranies sur les quinze qui se trouvent Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Senorasur Ie terri toire national : San Ignacio de wreto and Santa Maria la Mayor. TheMini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Setl"ora de wreto choice of these four ensembles (all situa-et 8:m.ta Maria la Mayor. Le choix de ces ted within the province of Misiones) isquatre ensembles (tous situes dans la justified by their historical and archeo-province des Misiones) est justifie par logical interest, as well as by certainleur interet historique et archeologique corrplementarity. In fact, all these "reduc-ainsi que par une certaine conplenenta- ciones ", situated near springs or in therite. En effet, si toutes ces "reduccio- vicinity of large rivers are of the sarrenes ", situees aupres de sources ou au nodel (the church, the residence of thevoisinage de grands fleuves retiennent fathers, the regularily spaced houses ofIe plan-type que la Conpagnie de Jesus the Indians are placed around a large squa-adopta apres que la Couronne d Espagne re). This nodel was adopted by the carpanylui eiit concede, en 1609, Ie privilege of Jesus after the Spanish crown concededde s installer en pays guarani (autour it the right, in 1609, to settle in guara-d une grande place carree, l eglise, la ni country. ~r, each of the fourresidence des Peres, les maisons regulie- "reducciones" is characterized by a lay-renent inplantees des indiens), chacune se out :r:eculiar to itself and by a differentcaracterise par des dispositions sin- state of preservation.gulleres et surtout, un etat de conser-vation differencielle inegal. - San Ignacio Mini, founded in 1611i was moved on tw.o successive occasions,- San I~cio Mini, fondee en 1611, se setting in its present site in 1696,dep:J.a=aa:aeux occasi.ons successives, se 60 kil.ometers from Posadas. At itsfixant en .lb~b sur son site actuel, a apogee, in 1733, the "reduccion"60 kilometres de Posadas. A son ap::xJee, comprised 4,500 inhabitants. It in-en 1733, la reduction abritait 4500 habi- c.orporates important monumental ves-tants. Elle conserve d :inportants vesti- tiges: church, residence .of the fa-ges nonlll1EIltaux : eglise, residence des thers, school, as well as approxima.;-Peres, college, ainsi quune trentaine de tely thirty living units. Clearedblocs dhabitation. OOgagees a partir de since 1940, the ruins are accessi-1940, les ruines sont accessibles et re- ble and in a relatively good statelativerrent bien conservees. of preservation.- Santa Ana, fondee en 1633 sur la Sierra - Santa Ana, fotmded in 1633 on the Sier-del Tape, a ete transferee en 1638 au~ bord ra del Tape, was:r:~ in 1638 to thedu fleuve Parana puis tme demiere fois en banks of the Parana River and then once rro-1660 sur son site actuel, a 45 kilanetres re to its present site, 45 kns. from Po-de Posadas. Quelques vestiges de leglise sadas. Vestiges of the church, which area laquelle on accedait par un escalier no- accessible by a nonlll1EIltal stairway errergenlll1EIltal (colonnes de marbre et blocs de from a forest site of great beauty. Thepierre ont resiste au pillage consecutif a marble columns and stone blocks have resis-1 expulsion des Jesuites en 1767) energent ted pillage following the expulsion of thedans un site forestier dune grande beaute. Jesuits in 1767. The enhancenent of the si-la mise en valeur, cxmrencee en 1982, tient te, begun in 1982, has taken into accountcanpte de cet environnement naturel. this natural environrrent.- Nuestra Senoradewreto, fondee en 1610, - Naet.tra Sen"6ra de wreto founded in 1610,n a ete deplacee qu I une fois : en 1631 elle was OIiLy ncvea once : 1fi n:,31, it was trans-est transferee sur son site actuel, a 53 ferred to its present site, 53 kilarreterskilometres de Posadas. Ia mission, inportan-from Posadas. The mission, a significant one,te, ccmp::>rtait une inprirrerie. Aux vestiges inCiYded a printing-press. Ihe rrenory ofde l eglise et de lamaison des Peres s I at- a great builder, Brother Bressanelli, istache, cx:mrce a San Ignacio Mini, Ie souve- linked to the vestiges .of the church and tonir dun grand constructeur, Ie frere Bres-the residence of the fathers, as at San I-sanelli. Les ruines du village indien ont gnacio Mini. The ruins of the Indian villa-ete partiellercent d@)arrassees de la vege- ge have been partially cleared of tho vege-tation qui desagrege murs et fondations. tation Yfhich has broken U1? the walls and- Santa Maria la Mayor. Fondee en 1626, la foundations.
    • - 3 -mission se transporta sur son site ac- - Santa Maria la Mayor, fOl.mded in 1626,tuel en 1633. Non loin des restes de l was roved to its present site in 1633.eglise, d inportants vestiges de la mai- NJt far from the rerrains of the church,son des Peres sont restes debout. Contre iIrF>rtant vestiges of the residence ofa Santa Ana et a lDreto, Ie plan de con- the fathers are still standing. As atservation envisage des debrouissaillages Santa Ana and at IDreto, the preserva-selectifs preservant partiellement len- tion plan envisions selective clearing,vironnement vegetal. thus partially retaining the natural en- viro:nnent. L ICCMOS, tout en considerant quela mission de San Ignacio Mini est lexemr ICCMJS, while considering the mis-pIe Ie plus eminent de reduction conserve sion of San Ignacio Mini to be the IIDstsur Ie territoire argentin, se rallierait eminent exanple of a "reduccion" preser-volontiers a une inscription conjointe ved on Argentinian soil, muld welcorre ades quatre biens soumis a son exan:en, dans joint inclusion of the four propertiesIe cadre de la proposition globale sur les sutroitted for its examination, withinmissions jesuites definie en 1983 par Ie the frarrewor.k. of the global proI;X)sal forComite. Jesuit missions defined in 1983 by the Conmittee • ICCMOS, 19?:1
    • , , ~ • 10 • • • JI ,I - •" , , ,. .! J.. .., "., J .:. .., . -, ~ - .....AR:;ENTINE - SAN IGNACIO MINI ENIREE A IA SACRISTIE