R cleantech finland bd to hungary - hungarian energy market by finpro debreczeni -  november 8 2010
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R cleantech finland bd to hungary - hungarian energy market by finpro debreczeni - november 8 2010

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Overview on Hungarian Energy Business

Overview on Hungarian Energy Business

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R cleantech finland bd to hungary - hungarian energy market by finpro debreczeni -  november 8 2010 R cleantech finland bd to hungary - hungarian energy market by finpro debreczeni - november 8 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • Attila Debreczeni, Senior Consultant
    Finpro CSE & ME,
    5 November, 2010
    Hungarian Energy Market
  • Contents
    Pages
    Key Energy Market Data 3
    Energy Policy 4-5
    Strategy & Key Priorities
    Upcoming Regulatory Changes & Planned Actions
    Power Generation 6-9
    RES (forestry, agri) potential & usage
    Electricity Generation 10-12
    Feeding tariffs
    Distribution
    Heat Generation 13-16
    District Heating
    Housing – as “Panel program”
    Appendixes: Major players in energy market 17-25
  • Key Energy Market Data
    © Finpro
    3
    Source: BMI energy report 2010; Short,-Middle,-Long-term capacity balance on supply side in Hungarian electricity system (Mavir,2009)
  • Energy Policy 1/2
    © Finpro
    4
    Strategy:
    The only official strategy document is the Parliament Order /40/2008. (IV. 17.)/ on Energy policy in 2008-2020;
    There is no Hungarian Parliament certified Energy Strategy, however Hungarian Energy Policy until 2030 as strategy paper is under preparation and to be accepted by Parliament at the end of 2010;
    The Renewable Energy Action Plan until 2020 is under preparation which had to be submitted to EU even June 2010 (still in delay);
    Key Priorities:
    • Compulsory Targets to EU
    Energy saving 1% annually in 2008-2016 (total: 9%)
    Share of renewable energy in primer energy usage: 13% from total  136 – 186 PJ
    20 % improving of energy efficiency
    Modified emission trading system from 2013. Less grant, more auction.
  • Energy Policy 2/2
    © Finpro
    5
    Upcoming Regulation:
    • Due to the new Government and organisational changes at relevant Ministries, several internal planning / workshops / strategy document preparations are dealing with energy policies, including regulations. The following major topics can be highlighted:
    • Growing share of RES within power & heat generation;
    • RE heat generation in the Hungarian district heating systems;
    • Changes in feeding tariffs: CHP less support and subsidies shifted toward RES;
    • Implementation modes & selected technology of the new 1 or 2 blocks at Paks Nuclear PP;
    • The current experiences and role of the newly launched (20/7/2010) the HUPX Hungarian Power Exchange – www.hupx.hu
    Planned Actions
    • Energy Policy until 2030 and Renewable Energy Action Plan until 2020 are under preparation. Most likely the strategy documents will be published at the end of 2010.
  • Power Generation 1/2
    © Finpro
    6
    Around 9,300 MW installed capacities in Hungary,
    Paks Nuclear Power Plant with 2,000 MW – as basic PP
    MatraiPP– www.mert.hu with 840 MW net installed capacities with 10% RES share – as basic PP
    The utilization rate of PP over 50 MW in Hungary was 45.8% (3,995 h/a) in 2009 while 50.7% (4,410 h/a) in 2008;
    The main power plants (over 50 MW) were built in late 60s` & early 70s`, operating with old technologies (boilers) & even after their “retrofit” program with low efficiency as 25-30%;
    Hungary’s power generation sector is notable for the widespread use of combined heat and power (CHP) since 2000-2001. Due to the big lobby power of CHPs, they are part of feeding tariff systems with a share of 65-70%;
    According to the current legislation, the Feeding tariff system (KÁP budget) will be in force until 2015;
    Since 20/7/2010 the HUPX Hungarian Power Exchange Company Limited by Shares, HUPX Ltd. has started its operation – www.hupx.hu
  • © Finpro
    7
    Power Generation (>50 MW, 2009)2/2
    Mátrai Power Plant
    www.mert.hu
    Location: Visonta
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 841 MW
    Efficiency: 31.8%
    Expected to stop operation: 2026- 2030
    AES Borsodi Energetikai PP
    www.aes.hu/intro.html
    Location: Kazincbarcika
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 288 MW
    Efficiency: 34.2%
    Expected to stop operation: 2013- 2016
    Dunamenti Power Plant
    www.electrabel.hu
    Location: Százhalombatta
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 1,673 MW
    Efficiency: 39.6%
    Expected to stop operation: 2011- 2023
    Alpiq Csepeli Erőmű
    www.csepel.alpiq.hu
    Location: Csepel (Budapest)
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 386 MW
    Efficiency: 50.6%
    Expected to stop operation: 2025- 2026
    Tisza II. Power Plant
    www.aes.hu/intro.html
    Location: Tiszaújváros
    Type: Electricity only
    Installed capacity: 860 MW
    Efficiency: 36%
    Expected to stop operation: 2016- 2018
    Vértesi Power Plants
    www.vert.hu
    Location: Oroszlány
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 224 MW
    Efficiency: 27.7%
    Expected to stop operation: 2013- 2014
    MVM GTER Lőrinci
    www.gter.hu
    Location: Lőrinci
    Type: Electricity only
    Installed capacity: 407 MW
    Efficiency: 30%
    Expected to stop operation: 2026- 2027
    Bakonyi Power Plants
    http://www.mvm.hu/engine.aspx?page=bvmt_fooldal
    Location: Ajka
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 88 MW
    Efficiency: 45.8%
    Expected to stop operation: 2014- 2016
    Debrecen KCE Power Plant
    Location: Debrecen
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 93 MW
    Efficiency: 69.7%
    Expected to stop operation: 2026- 2028
    Budapesti Power Plants
    www.budapestieromu.hu
    Location: Budapest
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 399 MW
    Efficiency: 69.1%
    Expected to stop operation: 2026- 2027
    Paksi Nuclear Power Plant
    www.atomeromu.hu
    Location: Paks
    Type: Electricity only
    Installed capacity: 1,940 MW
    Efficiency: 31.4%
    Expected to stop operation: 2032- 2037
    Pannon Power Plant
    www.pannonpower.hu
    Location: Pécs
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 122 MW
    Efficiency: 68.9%
    Expected to stop operation: 2014- 2016
    ISD Power
    www.isdpower.hu
    Location: Dunaújváros
    Type: CHP
    Installed capacity: 58 MW
    Efficiency: 67.6%
    Expected to stop operation: 2017- 2019
  • © Finpro
    8
    RES potential: Fire woods & residues 1/2
    Annual Cutting: 6 - 7 mill. m3
    Import: 1 – 1.1 mill. m3
    Export: 0.25 – 0.3 mill. m3
    Annually available wood:
    6.75 – 7.8 mill m3
    Stolen woods : 0.2 – 0.3 mill. m3
    Residue : 1 - 1.4 mill. m3
    Fire-wood: 2.5 – 2.8 mill. m3
    Industrial wood: 2.7 – 3.1 mill m3
    Households
    collections:
    0.3 -0.4 mill. m3
    Power Plants:
    1 – 1.3 mill. m3
    Smaller players:
    1.2 - 1.5 mill. m3
    Households:
    1 -1.5 mill. m3
    Major players (3):
    1.8 – 2 mill. m3
    Forestry potential in Hungary
    1.09
    mill m3
    0.73
    mill m3
    0.48
    mill m3
    0.73
    mill m3
    1.22
    mill m3
    0.73
    mill m3
    1.28
    mill m3
    Source: Ministry of Rural Development, 2009 &
    Finpro research
  • © Finpro
    9
    RES potential: Agri-fuel 2/2
    Agro-biomass potential in Hungary
    5.2 mill. Tons
    I.
    1.5 mill. tons
    2 mill. Tons
    0.8 mill. tons
    2.5 mill. tons
    4.5 mill. Tons
    III.
    4.9 mill. Tons
    II.
    Annual total: 21,4
    Source: EnergyCenter, Energy Club, 2008
    9
  • Electricity Generation
    © Finpro
    10
    Source: BMI energy report 2010
  • © Finpro
    11
    Feeding tariff system
    Current Incentives
  • © Finpro
    12
    ELMŰ
    ÉMÁSZ
    TITÁSZ
    ÉDÁSZ
    DÉDÁSZ
    DÉMÁSZ
    Electricity Distribution
    • The electricity market is privatised since 1995.
    • Electricity service providers/distributors:
    • Six distribution area were created, including Budapest the capital and its suburb area (ELMÜ);
    • German & French energy companies are the owners;
    • In 2008 total domestic electricity use was 43,928 GWh, exceeding volume in 2007
    • (43,904 GWh) by (0,1%). Net consumption (37,398 GWh) grew by 0,4 % compared to 2007 (37,247 GWh). The peak load of the Hungarian electricity system in 2008 occurred on January 09 at 17:00 and was 6,388 MW.
  • Heat Generation
    © Finpro
    13
    Heat market
    ~ 490 – 500 PJ
    Industrial heat
    ~ 92 – 94 PJ
    Heat for households
    ~ 330 – 335 PJ
    Decentralised market
    ~ 302 – 305 PJ
    District heating market
    ~ 28 – 30 PJ
    Source: Expert`s interviews, Energy Book of Hungary, 2009
  • © Finpro
    14
    District Heating 1/2
  • © Finpro
    15
    District heating market 2/2
    Budapest DH
    www.fotav.hu
    No. of heated units: 240.958
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 637
    DunaújvárosDH
    www.dvcsh.hu
    No. of heated units: 19,181
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 708
    Miskolc DH
    www.miho.hu
    No. of heated units: 31,487
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 623
    Győr DH
    www.gyorho.hu
    No. of heated units: 23,841
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 544
    Nyíregyháza DH
    www.nyirtavho.hu
    No. of heated units: 15,649 + 413
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 603
    TatabányaDH
    www.tata.hu
    No. of heated units: 22,636
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 704
    Székesfehérvár DH
    www.szepho.hu
    No. of heated units: 20,550
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 598
    Debrecen DH
    www.dhrt.hu
    No. of heated units: 30,895
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 618
    Szeged DH
    No. of heated units: 27,249
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 708
    PécsDH
    www.petav.hu
    No. of heated units: 31,160
    Avg. total cost of end-users: EUR 545
  • 16
    Housing - as“Panel program”
    A significant part of the Hungarian housing stock is in need of rehabilitation because of both material and social challenges. The degree, focus and quality of the necessary rehabilitation differ from region to region.
    A constant expansion of the panel program has taken place in the last few years and its beneficiaries are not only the housing estates, but every tenant community occupying a building constructed with pre-fabricated technologies.
    Around 750,000 panel housing units and until 2008, the 25% of this stock have been renovated to some degree, generating on average investments per unit as 700th HUF (~2,600 EUR). However, until 2010 the number of renovated buildings grew up to 1/3 of the total stock.
    The degree of renovation is very basic and comprises mainly
    Building isolation;
    Changing the joinery (windows, doors, etc.);
    Measuring (adjusting) units for the regulation of the temperature, however, the whole system (old Russian style panel blocks) has not been changed.
    Sources: Expert`s interviews, European Commission, Housing
    Needs in Hungary (Varoskutatas Kft)
    © Finpro
  • © Finpro
    17
    Appendix 1/9
  • © Finpro
    18
    Appendix 2/9
  • © Finpro
    19
    Appendix3/9
  • © Finpro
    20
    Appendix 4/9
  • © Finpro
    21
    Appendix 5/9
  • © Finpro
    22
    Appendix 6/9
  • © Finpro
    23
    Appendix 7/9
  • © Finpro
    24
    Appendix 8/9
  • © Finpro
    25
    Appendix 9/9