MLA In-text Citation

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  • 1. MLA In-text Citations
    How do I set up my notecards?
    Direct Quote, Summary & Paraphrasing Examples
  • 2. Citing a Direct Quote
    Air Attacks
    “The key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys. Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway” (Bradley 102).
    When you have text that you want to quote directly, follow these steps:
    • Copy the quote word-for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc.
    • 3. Attribute the author and the page numberdirectly after the quoted text.
    Topic of card
    Works Cited
    Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story
    of Courage. Little Brown and
    Company; New York, 2003.
  • 4. Author name here, not needed in p.r.
    Topic
    Direct Quote
    w/Author in text
    Air Attacks
    According to Bradley “the key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys” (102).
    When you have text that you want to quote directly but you attribute the author in the quote, follow these steps:
    • Copy the quote word-for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc. after your attribution.
    • 5. Attribute only the page numberdirectly after the quoted text.
    Works Cited
    Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story
    of Courage. Little Brown and
    Company; New York, 2003.
  • 6. Text:
    On December 21, 1941, just two weeks almost to the hour after Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt welcomed his military brain trust into his private study on the second floor of the White House. FDR’s “Big Three” consisted of General George Marshall, the starchy army chief of staff; General Henry “Hap” Arnold, the genial chief of staff of the army of air forces; and Admiral Ernest King, the imperious chief of naval operations. These masters of land, air, and sea were prepared to request troops and equipment (Bradley 98).
    Summary Card
    Sometimes you will have a large amount of information that you want to summarize:
    • Read the passage carefully.
    • 7. Summarize, or condense, the information, leaving out minor details.
    • 8. Focus on the main ideas.
    • 9. Attribute the author and page numberdirectly after the summarized text.
    Roosevelt’s Plan
    In response to the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt assembled his top three advisors to begin planning the U.S. counterattack (Bradley 98).
    Topic
    Works Cited
    Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story
    of Courage. Little Brown and
    Company; New York, 2003.
    Summary
  • 10. Text:
    Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway.
    Air Attacks
    Because U.S. aircraft were grounded Japan thought air attacks weren’t likely (Bradley 102).
    Paraphrased Card
    • When you have text that you paraphrase, follow these steps:
    • 11. Read the quote, then put the quote in your own words.
    • 12. Do not just choose a few words to change!!
    • 13. Attribute the author and the page numberdirectly after the quoted text.
    Works Cited
    Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story
    of Courage. Little Brown and
    Company; New York, 2003.
  • 14. Practice Paraphrasing
    Text
    The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty (Wooten).
    Decision on Punishment
    The state government should make a law so that judges can decide the death penalty without 12 jurors agreeing. The jurors should all agree the criminal is guilty, but the final punishment should be left up to the judge (Wooten).
    • Read the text to the right.
    • 15. Then read the sample paraphrase below.
    • 16. Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?
    • 17. Why or why not?
    Works Cited
    Wooten, Jim. “Death Penalty: Fix What’s Broken.”
    Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15
    Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct
    2010.
  • 18. Practice Paraphrasing
    Original Paragraph
    The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty (Wooten).
    Decision on Punishment
    Laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury (Wooten).
    • Read the text to the right.
    • 19. Then read the sample paraphrase below.
    • 20. Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?
    • 21. Why or why not?
    Works Cited
    Wooten, Jim. “Death Penalty: Fix What’s Broken.”
    Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15
    Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct
    2010.
  • 22. Works Cited
    Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown & Company; New York, 2003.
    The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 07 Oct 2010.
    Wooten, Jim. "Death Penalty: Fix What's Broken." Atlanta Journal- Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15 Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct 2010.