Culture and Globalization Origins of the Modern World February 6, 2013
Marks: Origins of the Modern WorldHow would you summarize the main goals of thebook? In other words, what is the author trying toshow, and why?
Marks: Origins of the Modern World1. The book tries to show how the current worldsystem got put in place -- the historical, economic,political, social forces that produced modernglobalization.2. In doing so, it attempts to challenge Eurocentricaccounts of the world.
WesternizationWhat did we say last week are the debatesabout globalization as "Westernization"?How does this connect to the critique ofEurocentrism in Marks?
Before the Modern World SystemWhat are some of the interesting cases orexamples Marks uses to demonstrate the roleof the non-European world in this history?
Industrial RevolutionWhat do we mean by the term "industrialrevolution"?How does Marks complicate the usual story ofindustrialization?
Industrial Revolution: Why Britain?Why was Britain the center of industrialization?● Naval power and war● An industry suited to industrializing = cotton● Economic structure that allowed for it to take advantage of that industry = colonialism
Britain: Slavery and Cotton● Cotton industry - there was money to be made and it was rapidly expanding, so it attracted investment●● Machinery was cheap, easy to construct, and promised quick returns●● Raw materials - extracted from colonies through slave labor, thus expanding supply; accident of coal supply and steam power
French RevolutionThe Declaration of the Rights of Man andCitizens (1789) states, "The source of allsovereignty residesessentially in the nation."What does "nation" meanhere and what is thesignificance of this?
New Political FormationsThe French Revolution helps establish themodern notion of the nation-state, whichconnects three things: the state (government) the nation (citizenry) the land (territory)And they are connected in a Constitutionalframework.