What is an Elephant 3Comparison 4The Asian Elephant 5The African Elephant 7Old Elephants 9Elephants Today 10Glossary 11About the Author 12
An elephant can be found in Africa or Asia. Theyare called African and Asian elephants.The African elephant is the largest living land animal.You can tell an African elephant from a Asian elephantis by their ears and size. The African elephant is slightlybigger than the Asian and the ears on an Africanelephant look like Africa. The elephant on the coverpage is an African elephant.
AFRICAN ELEPHANT ASIAN ELEPHANT Bigger Smaller Ears shaped like Africa Small/no tusks Big tusks Found in Asia Found in Africa
The Asian Elephant ( Elephas Maximus) is thesmaller of the two. They have small tusks, that is if theyhave any at all. They are the largest living land animalin Asia. Since 1976, the Asian Elephant has been on theendangered list. Almost half were lost in the last threegenerations. They are rapidly losing their habitats. Theycan live in places such as grasslands, tropical evergreenfores ts, semi evergreen forests and thorny forests. This map shows where the Asian elephant lives.
This Asian elephant swims in the south Pacific.
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is the largestliving land animal. It’s large ears help it lose heat in it’sbody to prevent dehydration . The largest Africanelephant ever found was 13.1 feet to the shoulders andweighed 10 long tons, (11 short tons). Elephants havefour molars each weigh about 11 pounds. Their tusksare large, firm teeth that break out of holes in the side oftheir mouth. African elephants are extremely intelligent.They are the most intelligent species next to apes andcertain dolphin species. This map shows where the African elephants live.
This African elephant tries veryhard to collect water from a leak.
Did you know that woollymammoths used to be part of theelephant family. Woolly mammothswere most famous during the ice age.The woolly mammoth is probably themost well known prehistoric animalbesides the dinosaur. Woollymammoths became extinct about 6,000years ago. So you don’t have to worryabout them in your backyard!
Elephants were kept on display in places such asAncient Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome. Now they arein circuses all across the world. The Birmingham Zoo isa great place to go and witness elephants yourself.Click here for Birmingham Zoo websiteOr Here for National Geographic
Africa (AF-rica) A country right below Europe.Asia (AZ-a) A country that shares a border withEurope.Dehydration (DE-hi-DRA-shun) Not getting enoughwater.Endangered (en-DANGE-erd) on the verge ofextinction.Extinct (EX-tinct) There is no more left.Generation (GEN-er-ashun) A time of which theaverage person lives.Habitat (HAB-itat) A place of which an animal livesMolars (MO-LARS) A large tooth in the back of themouth.Prehistoric (PRE-hist-orick) A long time ago.
I’m nine year oldEliot, a third grader thathas a project to writeabout an animal. I chosethe elephant. I live inAlabama. I go to ShadesMountain ElementarySchool. I go to extendedday care. In fact, I’mtyping this at extendedday right now.