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Customer: Ms. Jeannie                                                  Animal: African Elephant                           ...
Central Africa. The African elephants can be found in forests, grasslands, marshes,Scrub, and Semi-desert places. Elephant...
the height of a double decker bus. The male bush elephant can reach about 3.5meters that is their height. The females can ...
will sometimes hug each other by wrapping their trunks around each other. This isalso how they get each other’s affection ...
adult male will start to arrive to the herd during these following days then theystart to fight head-to-head that is betwe...
to take care of its self. When the calf is ready to go on its own then that will bethe time when the tusks will start to g...
pounds. When a male elephant changes then they will start to show that it is anfriendly, gentle creature from being violen...
when it is really hard to see one of the members that can be seen in a really tallthick brush. A rumbling sound can be hea...
this is giving elephant’s rampages. That is between 1996 and 2000 there is morethan 113,000 acres of forest areas that are...
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African elephant report


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This is a report about the African elephant this is was for my grandpa and for my work studies teachers aid her name is Ms. Jennie

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African elephant report

  1. 1. Customer: Ms. Jeannie Animal: African Elephant Report: Felicia Ferentinos African Elephant ReportThe African elephant is a herbivore which means it only eats plants and leaves. Aherbivore is also called a plant-eater. Elephants eat roots, grasses, leaves, fruitand tree bark. Elephants can use their very long trunks to grab their food.Elephants spent a lot of their time eating. A Bull elephant is another name for amale elephant they can eat about 300 to 600 pounds (130 to 260 kg) of foodevery day. The African Bush elephant diet is usually leaves and branches that arestripped off of the trees and the branches they can get these planets by usingtheir very long trunks. The African bush elephant will also eat fruit and grass to.Elephants can use their trunks to dig for roots into the ground to strip up the barkof the trees. An elephant can eat by putting the food into its mouth by use itstrunk to grab the food then it puts it into the mouth. The elephant can eat about300 pounds (136 kilograms) of food in just one day. The African elephant cantravel in very long distances to look for food. Elephants can dig up the roots andalso it can peel barks off of the trees. An herbivore is an animal that only eatsvegetation. The forest elephant will eat the leaves and the fruit that are on top ofthe tree herbs and they will also eat many other vegetation foods to like low-lyingshrubs. The front pair of the molars of the elephant’s mouth can wear down anddrop out into pieces. The back of the elephants mouth shift forward that turnsinto two new molarsthat is in the back of the elephant’s mouth. The molars thatare in the back of the mouth are emerging. The African elephant teeth can bereplaced like about 6 times during elephant’s lives. But when the elephant isabout 40 or 60 years old then the elephant will start to lose all of its teeth. Thenthe elephant will die from starvation. This has come a common cause in theAfrican wildness. The African elephant lives in the Sub-Saharan in Africa. Theother sub-species is the forest elephant they can be found in the forests of
  2. 2. Central Africa. The African elephants can be found in forests, grasslands, marshes,Scrub, and Semi-desert places. Elephants are usually found in hot places. TheAfrican bush elephant used to have ancestors they used to live in the Arctic Circle.Today they can only be found in Central and in South Africa They can also befound in on the African plains and on grasslands where they are looking for foodand water. The African forest elephant can be found on the grassy savanna plains.They can also be found in forests to. The African elephant can be found on thesavanna grassland and in the forest. Elephants can also be seen on the AfricanSouthern of the Sahara. The African elephant is divided into two Sub-species theAfrican Bush Elephant and the African Forest elephant. African elephants areusually found where there is a place that is filled with of food and water. They canalso be found on dry woodland that is in some regions of Africa. They can also beseen in desert places to. They can be seen up in the mountains that are in theCongo and in equatorial countries of Africa. The African elephant are also found inthe rainforest of Central Africa from Zaire to the west of Mauritania. TheElephants that live on the Savanna or widespread in drier woodlands and insavannas. The most common places to find an African elephant can be found inmany different parts of Africa like inKenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Zimbabwe,Namibia, and in South Africa. The three of the other species both live in bothhabitats the Savanna and in the forest that is in West Africa. The African elephantcan weigh about 6 tons (5,443 kilometers). They can stand about 12 feet (4meters) at the shoulder. The height of an African elephant isabout 8, 2 to 13ft(2.5 to 4m ) to the shoulder. The African elephant is the largest land animal on theplanet. They can weigh about between 5,000 to 14,000 lbs. (2,268 - 6,350kg).Their usual size is 6ft (2-m) then a adult man is. The African elephants averagesize is up about 10 feet to (3m) tall to the shoulder. Their weigh is also 6 tons(5,400kg). Males are much bigger than Females are. The weights of their very bigears are 5 feet to 1,5m long. The male elephants that live on the Savanna cangrow about 25 feet long. They can stand about 11 feet tall and their weight is14,000 pounds. Their other size is 3-4m (10-13ft) to the shoulder their weigh isabout 32,000 - 6400kg (7000-14000 lbs.,) A male elephants height is 3,3m at theshoulder. Their weight is 6000kg that is like 10 small cars being pulled together.Females can weight up about 4000kg. They can grow about 4m tall. That is like
  3. 3. the height of a double decker bus. The male bush elephant can reach about 3.5meters that is their height. The females can reach about 3 meters tall. The bushelephant’s body can grow about between 6 or 7 meters long. The elephant’s tuskscan grow about 2.5 meters in a length. Their rather weigh is between 50 or 100pounds that is much smaller thananaverage adult human. The African bushelephant have 4 molar teeth inside of their mouth. Teeth they all weigh about5.0kg and they measure about 12 inches long. A male forest elephant thatcanreach 3 meters in a height. The female can reach 2.5 metersthe forest elephanttusks can grow about 1, 5 meters long. Their rather weigh is between 50 and 100pounds the forest elephants 4 teeth molar can weigh 5,0 kg and they can measureabout 12 inches long. The African elephant can live about 17 years. The Africanelephant can live 60 years in the wild and they can live about 80 years when theyare in captivity. The average life span for an African Savanna elephant is 60 yearsin the wild. They can also live about 70 years in the wild to. How the elephant lifespan also depends on the animals teeth that are on the molars of their mouth.When the elephant is about 40 to 60 years then it will die from starvation. Theelephant’stooth gets replaced by six times. The elephant’s trunk has 40 and100,000 muscles in it. The elephants use its trunk to breathe and also to grabthings. The trunk is also the elephant’s upper lip. The trunk is even strong enoughto knot down a whole tree down. A elephants speed can charge up to 40km in1hr. (25mph). The elephant’sears are shaped just like the continent of Africa. Theelephants ears are not just made for hearing the elephant ears are also fans thatcan help keep the elephant to cool themselves down from the African heat. Theelephant’s trunk is also helpful for taking a bath. The elephant’s trunk is also asnorkel. On the end of the elephants trunk which is called a finger the Africanelephant has two fingers but its cousin the Asian elephant only has one finger thefingers are helpful for picking are grapping things. Elephants have very strongbonds with the members that are in their family. A male elephant is called a bulland the female elephant is called a cow. Elephants are totally amazingswimmers. Females travel in herds along with their Youngers males will usuallytravel by themselves. Elephant’s tusks are very helpful for getting food. Theelephant gets food by digging up the roots and picking the bark off of the trees.Elephants are very good at greeting each other when they greet someone they
  4. 4. will sometimes hug each other by wrapping their trunks around each other. This isalso how they get each other’s affection to. When the elephant feels that it isbeing threaten then the elephant will use its trunk to make loud trumpetingnoises as a warning meaning to stay away. When elephant goes under deep waterthen they can use their trunk as a snorkel. Elephants can drink 2 gallons (7.5 liters)of water at a time. Then the elephant will stick the tip of water into the itsmouth, and then it will start to brow out of the water right down to theelephant’s throat. An elephant’s trunk can be around seventy feet (two meters)long. The reason why they do not have any natural predators is because of theirsize. But calves have predators and they are lions, crocodiles and other carnivoresthat can be found in Africa. Their close relatives are dugongs, manatees, hyraxes,and aardvarks. The elephant’s trunk has no bones in it so that they can use this toso that they be able to pick up blade of grass. When they blade of grass they cansuck 3 gallons of water so that the elephants can use the water to spray waterover all themselves to keep themselves cool. Elephants spray on themselves tokeep them cool when they get hot. Elephants have a lot of tools to keepthemselves cool from the African heat. In an Elephant herd there areabout tenfemales and their youngers. All Females in the herd are related to the matriarch.The Matriarch is the larger of the herd the job of the matriarch is to find the bestplaces to find food and water. The Matriarch elephant is the oldest and thebiggest female in the herd. Males only join in the herd when they reach maturityare when they are ready to mate but usually Males usually live alone. AfricanElephants are capable with each other by making a whole variety of vocal soundswhich are grunts, purrs, bellows, whistles and the obvious trumpeting. Elephantscan also get capable by making low frequency sounds that are below to humanhearing this allows wandering individuals that could be somewhere in the herdthis is also used to warn other seven different herds to stay away that can be seenin other miles away. Then with all the animals in the animal kingdom elephantshave the longest pregnancythanany other animal. It can be pregnant about 22months. A baby elephant is called a calf. Bush elephants will have babies whenthe female elephant feels that she is ready. The female will make her mindanytime during the year. When the female is ready to mate then she will start toemittinginfrasound that can be attractto a male that maybe kilometers away. The
  5. 5. adult male will start to arrive to the herd during these following days then theystart to fight head-to-head that is between them that will cause many injuries andthey can even cause broken tusks to. The Gestation period for an African elephantis last then 22 mouths. The mother usually has one calf. The African savannaelephant female usually breeds when she is ten or she can give birth to one calf inevery four years. The African elephant gestation period is due to 22 or 24 months.The female elephant will show off her acceptance of the victor by rubbing herbody against the male. Then they will mate and they will go on their own. Afterthe gestation period is over then the female will start to give birth to only onesingle calf. They can weight about 90cm they can also weigh about 100kg. The calfwill fed on the mother’s milk until it is 5 years old, but it will eat solid food whenthey are 6 months old. Just in a few days after the calf is born. A new bornelephant can weigh about 170 and 250 pounds it can also stand about three timeshigh from the ground to the shoulder. In the first three weeks the calf will start tofed on its mothers milk. Then after 3 weeks it will start to eat grass and otherdifferent types of plants. A adult female elephant will start to have babies whenshe is about 17 years old. The female will have about six or seven calves duringtheir whole life. Females stop mating when they are 50 years old. It is a veryspecial day for the herd when there is a new baby in the herd they will crowdaround the mother to tough the baby. The elephants will get very excited and willstart to make lots of noises. Female elephants will reach maturity when they are10 or 11 years old and the males are 10 to 20 years old. A Female bush elephantsare ready to reproduce after they are 10 or 11 years old but most fertile arebetween 25 or 45 years. Males will not be able to reproduce until they are in their20s. Males and females will mate about 2 years. A female will give birth to onecalf having twins are extremely rare. The calf will drink its mother’s milk for 2years but it will still have the protection from the herd until the calf is old enoughto take care of itself which will be when they are about 6 years old. When it is in6 years has pasted then the tusks should be starting to grow on the elephant. Thefemale forest elephant will not start to mate until it is about 10 or 11 years old.The forest male elephants will not mate until they are in their 20ths. Thegestation period will be about 2 years. The African forest elephantcalves will startto drink its mother’s milk in about 2 years. It will stay in the herd when it is ready
  6. 6. to take care of its self. When the calf is ready to go on its own then that will bethe time when the tusks will start to grow. Male elephants use their tusks tobattle each other. The African elephant is so very important for a very specialsystem called the eco-system in which the animal lives in. The African elephantsplans a very big role in nature they are known as the keystone species which is onanother numerous of species rely. Some plants need to be eaten by an elephantbefore the seeds will even start to grow which are includes in the third treespecies that are in the elephant’s habitat. The elephant’s big size ears and thetaste of the roots lead to pathways that make the forest more clear. This willallow the sunlight to otherwise dense and dark forest which gives the opportunityfor a big variety of flora which will grow and turn in a variety of fauna. Thesepathways work at nature’s firebreak. Some that used to be the ones that wereancient that are so well established those have been turned into roads. Unlike theAsian elephant these elephants are not easy to domesticated they are about470,000 -690,000 of these types of elephants. The African elephant wasdomesticated in 1.3 million years ago in the 1970s. Many African elephants havebeen killed by poachers for their beautiful tusks so that they make ivory thisstarted to happen in the 1980s that is between 1979 and the 1989 that is due intheir population. People sale the ivory in markets in Africa and in Asia. Thenumbers of elephants are about to be destroyed because they are also losingtheir habitats to. Elephants are in trouble because of poaching and habitat loss isthreatening the African elephants throughout the elephants range. Elephantshave lost much of their habitat to ranches, farmers, and desertification. TheAfrican forestelephant is in safe numbers for right now. The savanna subspeciesare very much in trouble because of logging and they are also selling their ivorytusks in markets. People in markets are hunting the elephant for meat. TheAfrican elephant is mostly found in many reserves and in parks to. There areabout 1,300,000 animals and now there is about 750,000 that is in the elephant’spopulation. People that live in India travel on elephants they carry their crops togo to place to place. People use to use elephants in war to. An elephant can run24 miles per hour. A elephants head can be account to 12 up to 24 percent oftheir body weight. The elephant’s tusks can grow more than 11 1/2 feet long thishas been recorded a long time ago. A highest weight of elephant tusks are 440
  7. 7. pounds. When a male elephant changes then they will start to show that it is anfriendly, gentle creature from being violent and being dangerous. Zoo keeper’sinjuries are mostly from elephant attacks. Elephants will only take a bath in 3 or 4times in aday. These animals love the water they will use their trunks to take abath by spraying water over themselves when the weather is too hot for them.Elephant use to be the best way to travel. In Thousands of years ago elephantshad helped people from over the years they have helped people with buildingcities, even people used to fight in wars with elephants, they used to have fightsin battles and also to have fun. Right before trains and other automobilesweremade elephants were the best and the most powerful force that can push andhaul things. In Asia the Asian elephant has a very long history of being trained forlabor even today people are still using elephants to get around. Before there werecars or trains people used to ride on elephants to go to place to place and it wasalso the best to carry crops around to. In Asia people are still traveling byelephant to get to the place where they need to go. Elephants eat about 125pounds of hay and ten pounds of herbivore pettiest. They also eat about tenpounds of fruit and vegetables and they will also eat a few leafy branches to. Thisis the type of food that an elephant gets when they are living in a zoo. Theelephant’s tusks are also teeth that can grow very big. Anelephant’s trunk canhold a small flower to a very big log. When elephants spray water on themselvesthis helpsthem tokeep their skin from drying out. When one of the females has ababy then all of the elephants in the herd will became aunties even to calves thatthey are not on their own. Baby elephants need a lot of protection and affectionfrom the herd. Elephants can commutate in lots of different ways. They can usebody language to send out messages by standing, moving and holding eachother’s trunks. They can also commutate by the position of their ears, trunks, andtails. Elephants can also scream, bellow, rumble, trumpet, and grunt. Baby calveswill shake their heads and flap its ears and trumpets this means that the babycalve wants to play. But when the adults seldom trumpet they will usually use thissound when they start to get violent. An Elephant can communicate by movingand then they will start to make a rumbling sound that kind a sounds like astomach growling. The rumbling sound is a growl that actually occurs in the throatthis keeps the herd in contact with each other. They can even use this sound is
  8. 8. when it is really hard to see one of the members that can be seen in a really tallthick brush. A rumbling sound can be heard over one-half mile away. The woollymammoth is the closets relative of the elephants andis what we know today. Aperson can normally find an elephant in a zoo or in a circus. Elephants have beenparaded and displayed for the last 2,000 years. There are lots of reasons that thegreat African elephant is endangered today. The main reasonwhy that theelephant is endangered because people are in competition for space that theelephants need to live and to eat. Elephants are losing a lot of space becausepeople are building farms and houses over elephant’s habitat. Elephants aremostly found in national parks and reserves right now. Elephants have a veryserious and steady numbers in the 1970s. The elephants that are in Africasreserve parks. Hunters pay a lot of money for killing an elephant. This iscasingelephant’s numbers to drop low very fast. If people don’t stop killingelephants they will be gone forever which means there will be no elephants onthis planet that is sad. Elephants are also in trouble because of the humanpopulation keeps on growing and it is also getting bigger on every single place inthe world. If Kenya had put a stand of international trade for ivory that have gonebanned for $3,000,000 worth of confiscate ivory that has gone banned in Kenya.There are only 50 elephants that have been killed by poachers in Kenya but therewere 3,000 of them in the past. If this continues then the elephants will start toeat crops and that will start to kill anddestroypeople’s lives and their homes to.The gestation period will take about 22 mouths. The mother will give birth inevery 2 or 4 years. A baby elephant calf has to stand half an hour after the it hasbeen born. Female elephants are some of the few mammals other than humansthat had a further input of those years of reproducing. A typical cow will stophaving babies when the she is about 45 or 50 years old. During this post-reproducing time the mother will assists and take care of her younger. In the1970s scientists were beginning to have very good deal about elephants. Theelephant population is now 170,000 to 25,000 that arelifted in the Africanelephant population. In November 2004 elephants had been stamped ontovillages, they also have been flattingpeople’s homes they even have eaten farmcrops and they have trampled people to death. The reason the reason why theyare doing this is because their habitat is getting smaller and it is starting to shrink
  9. 9. this is giving elephant’s rampages. That is between 1996 and 2000 there is morethan 113,000 acres of forest areas that are getting cleared up by loggers andsubsistence farmers. Today the human population is starting to grow very fast.Elephants are starting to lose the battle for their space so that they can liveand sothat they can find a really good place to look for food. It looks like that these giantcreatives are about to head to extinction. But if we can find a way to rebuild theirhabitats and if we all work together we can be able to save the great Africanelephant and its small cousin the Asian elephant from being gone forever. Wemust do something to help these amazing animals. These animals need all thehelp that they can get. The African elephant have the right to continue living onthis planet. They are doing their part in nature and we should find a place innature to. This is a really big planet that is filled with wonders and discoveries thatis just waiting to be found. We have to make this planet safe for us and the othercreatures that we share it with. This is our beautiful home it deserves to havesecond chance to live on for the next generation on this planet. There is a reallybig, bright and beautiful future if we find a way to project our planet. This is ourworld and our home will be a happy and clean place to live on. That is what willhappen if we try to protect this beautiful planet that we all share. We have tomake room for other living creatures to. God made animals for a reason just likehe made us. That is what I know about the great African elephant and the otheranimals that lives on this planet to. Together we can make a difference in ourbeautiful planet that we all share.