20090918-Non discrimination in disaster response

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Part of a series of Development Practice Discussions I instigated in 2009, for Oxfam GB in Pakistan.
These sessions were aimed at building critical thinking skills and encouraging peer review of our work within a world's best practice framework.

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20090918-Non discrimination in disaster response

  1. 1. Non-discrimination in disaster response <ul><li>Screening of a documentary by Mexican Red Cross Produced during their response to the 2007 floods in Tabasco </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d-Yu8Dh1LY) </li></ul><ul><li>Second in a series of </li></ul><ul><li>Development Practice Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>facilitated by Chris Wardle </li></ul><ul><li>Oxfam Meeting Room, Islamabad, Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>18 September 2009 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Non-discrimination in disaster response <ul><li>Development Practice Discussion Aim: </li></ul><ul><li>To reflect on Red Cross Mexico’s approach to a) Prioritising support for the elderly and disabled in humanitarian emergencies; and b) Empowering women volunteers; then </li></ul><ul><li>c) Consider Oxfam's approach to these issues in Pakistan and what we can learn from the Mexican experience. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Enjoy the short video from Mexican Red Cross http://bit.ly/p26WKJ then let's discuss ...
  4. 4. A quick recap … <ul><li>Core facts: </li></ul><ul><li>Every year 26 million older people are affected by disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>Persons with disabilities are twice as vulnerable during disasters. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A quick recap … <ul><li>Success strategies used by Red Cross: </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting respect at the community level. </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance based on need and vulnerability. </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritisation of elderly and disabled and mechanism for their easy identification. </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation with community leaders about the location of the most vulnerable. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Quote-able quotes on discrimination in the workplace … <ul><li>&quot;The real problem lies on how people think, not in how much strength we might or might not have.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ When we’re really well prepared, we can do anything.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The answer to this discrimination must be dialogue, openness and understanding. Discrimination thrives in the shadows; we need to chase those shadows away.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>What are our core principles and values in Oxfam? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Red Cross and Red Crescent movement promotes respect for diversity and non-discrimination” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>What are our core principles and values in Oxfam? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Red Cross and Red Crescent movement promotes respect for diversity and non-discrimination” </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Oxfam’s Code of Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>2) Humanitarian Principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanity; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impartiality; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutrality; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independence. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support - what are we doing well ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support - what are we doing well ? </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in selection and community involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopting an empowerment approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Result-oriented – always looking for impact. </li></ul><ul><li>Need-based and discrimination free. </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support - How can we improve and how will we change it for next time ? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support – What can we improve and how will we change it for next time ? </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve what? </li></ul><ul><li>Access to community and security issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Staff interpretation of policy in the face of “Tribal prioritisation”. </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Closer links with local implementing partners (IP’s) but not transferring risk to the IP. </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Build community awareness of need-based response. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Get the community to bring the most vulnerable to the front.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support – What can we improve and how will we change it for next time ? </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve what? </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of Oxfam and negative “non-Muslim” stereotyping. </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive engagement on difficult issues with “nay-sayers”. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate and build political support at the highest levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared for the long haul, with consistent human resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop case studies based on better-accepted NGOs. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support – What can we improve and how will we change it for next time ? </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve what? </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen relationships with and capacity of Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Build common understanding of programme milestones and exit strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate movement from emergency support to core development strategy areas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Where are the synergies with Oxfam’s approach to emergency support – What can we improve and how will we change it for next time ? </li></ul><ul><li>Participant input: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve what? </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution for the sake of distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Needs-based. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate NFIs. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach how to use appropriately and the hazards of misuse. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Development practice discussion: <ul><li>Did you notice any interesting tools for building social cohesion? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboards with a positive focus: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Let’s rebuild Tabasco with its spirit intact.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The waters go down and solidarity rises” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Nothing can take away Tabasco’s spirit” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast these with a commonly seen sign in Pakistan: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A strong democracy in the best revenge” </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Coming up next time … <ul><li>Oxfam and external resources on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>including a TED talk by </li></ul><ul><li>by Wildlife Photographer James Balog &quot;Each new series represents a quantum leap in creativity … … He is a visionary and his works are like sacred objects.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Third in a series of </li></ul><ul><li>Development Practice Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Oxfam Meeting Room, Islamabad, Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Date and Time: tba </li></ul>

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