Inclusive Disaster Risk Management


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This is a presentation from an action research project focusing on inclusive disaster risk management

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Inclusive Disaster Risk Management

  1. 1. Inclusive Disaster Risk Management Role of Civil Society Organizations
  2. 2. The Project • Inclusive Community Resilience for Sustainable Disaster Risk Management (INCRISD) • Objective: Developing a Inclusive Regional Framework for Disaster Risk Management in South Asia • Action Research, Capacity Building and Policy Advocacy • Across six countries in South Asia: India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Afghanistan • Through ECHO Partners: DIPECHO Actions
  3. 3. South Asia: Vulnerability • 40 disasters in the last 40 years • Casualty : 8,00,000 Economic Loss: $ 8 billion • 40 Disasters in 2009 alone • Of the total populations exposed to floods: 64% from South Asia • Vulnerability due to Himalayan Mountain Belt; Oceans (Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) and Rivers • Disaster takes away development gains: 2% of the GDP
  4. 4. Why Focus on the Most Vulnerable Community? • Any form of discrimination is contrary to humanitarian principles of impartiality, neutrality, humanity and independence • The impact of disaster on the excluded community is the most and ability to bounce back least (examples Tsunami, Pakistan Earthquake etc.). • Access Model (Sen, 1981) • Vulnerability as a factor of social construct (Cardona et al, 2012) • Rehabilitation program anti-poor? • DRM : Impure Public Goods (Boyce, 2000)
  5. 5. Social Vulnerability Index (Flanagan, 2011) 1. Socio-economic Status: income, poverty, employment & education 2. Household Composition and Disability: age (children, elderly people), single parenting and disability; need and dependence on external support & resources 3. Minority Status and Language: race, ethnicity and language 4. Housing and Transportation: Housing (quality & location), crowding and vehicle access:
  6. 6. Preliminary Framework on Inclusive Approaches in Disaster Risk Reduction Compilation of inputs from stakeholders to the preliminary framework: -National Consultations in 6 countries - National Workshops with DIPECHO partners in 6 countries -Regional Advisory Committee Pilot Testing of inclusive approaches at field level Good Practice Collection by relevant committees involving multiple stakeholders Validation of good practices and consolidation inclusive DRM framework by multiple stakeholders at local, national, regional levels Finalised Inclusive DRM Framework of reference
  7. 7. Why Civil Society • The role of the civil society is to come up with innovations, ideas which contributes to enhanced DRM interventions. • The NGOs have the proven expertise and capacity to carry out action research projects • Contributing to the larger cause through limited resources • Perceived and accepted role of civil society • ActionAid (Social Inclusion), Handicap International (Person’s with Disabilities) and Oxfam GB (Gender).
  8. 8. Critical Takeaways • • • • • • • • • Invisible population Challenges the existing discourse on inclusion: Overarching Inclusion is not just about: Women, Children, Person’s with Disabilities and Elderly Power relations Multiple marginalization Conscious effort: tools, strategies and processes. Equity monitoring Capacity building at all levels: Not uniform at the moment Enhanced understanding and practice: Sphere, HAP, Good Enough Guide, People in Aid and Do No Harm • Comprehensive and long term approach • Rights based • Advocacy (HFA, MDG), DM acts and policies: who does it?
  9. 9. Key Issues and Challenges • Inclusion is an attitude/philosophy. It is not a program. • It is about challenging the existing socio-cultural construct. • Challenging the existing power relations. Resistance/conflict • Long term concerted effort/Duration of the project • Very few secondary literature/lessons learnt
  10. 10. Thanks for your patient listening. Comments and Queries? Shakeb Nabi Regional Project Coordinator : Disaster Risk Management INCRISD Project (Handicap International, ActionAid International and Oxfam GB)