Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
On the road of theoretical imagination: Reflections on alternative communication in the north - south relations & past – present tensions. Alejandro Barranquero - Chiara Sáez Baeza
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

On the road of theoretical imagination: Reflections on alternative communication in the north - south relations & past – present tensions. Alejandro Barranquero - Chiara Sáez Baeza

350
views

Published on

Comunication presented at community communication section IAMCR 2010 (Braga - Portugal)

Comunication presented at community communication section IAMCR 2010 (Braga - Portugal)

Published in: Education

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
350
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. On the road of theoretical imagination: Reflections on alternative communication in the north - south relations & past – present tensions Alejandro Barranquero – Chiara Sáez IAMCR 2010
  • 2. Object reflect on alternative communication theory from a post-colonial epistemology
    • “ Post” theories: emphasis on the correspondence between forms of domination and the generation of knowledge from Modernity
    • Post-colonial theories: round trip process, from the idealization of the exotic towards the conceptualizacion of the “geo-politics of knowledge” (Escobar, Quijano, Mignolo)
  • 3. Background
    • England, Germany, France, Italy and US dominating the historical construction of social sciences (Wallerstein, 1996)
    • English monolingualism in sciences increases cultural gap (García-Canclini, 2004)
    • Low traffic from the Global South print & publishing to the Global North
    • Scarce amount of public resources and private investments in the Global South research
  • 4. Alternative Communication Theory Today
    • Anglo-Saxon & European control in the publication & printing field. Peripherical contributions from Asia, Africa & Latin America
    • Hypothesis : There is a non-recognized or underrated legacy of Latin American and Mediterranean Europe alternative communication research & experiences
  • 5. Main research questions
    • How Latin American and Mediterranean Europe theoretical and pragmatic contributions are revised and visualized in the alternative communication mainstream knowledge?
    • Is there anything left out in this revision?
  • 6. Recognized authors & experiences: Gramsci & Freire
    • Similarities: both emerge in times of crisis in their respective local contexts
    • Recognized contributions to the field:
      • Hegemony & counter-hegemony (AG)
      • Cultural capital of the oppressed & the centrality of the experience for the theoretical reflection (PF)
  • 7. Gramsci & Freire
    • What stays out of the analysis:
      • Experiences and context supporting theoretical reflection
      • These authors’ theoretical framework as part of academic & professional circles, which constitute a school of thought at the same time
  • 8. Paulo Freire´s background
    • Experiences that anticipate theory: Colombian radio-schools and miners´ radio stations in Bolivia (from 1949)
    • Generation of knowledge in contexts of revolt & critique against the cultural and economic dependence
    • Communication as a fighting instrument against inequalities
    • Pioneering international research on political economy of communication and on alternative communication
  • 9. Antonio Gramsci´s background & legacy
    • Although written between 1929 & 1935, Gramsci's works became recognized in the 70s
    • The 70s constitute a turning point in Spanish ( end of Franco's regime ) and Italian ( anni de piombo ) history
    • In both countries free media emerge as spaces of subjective development and political struggle in non-traditional organizational forms
  • 10. Antonio Gramsci´s background & legacy
    • Correspondence between Gramsci´s reflections and social processes in both countries
    • Emergence & consolidation of academic groups interested in problematizing alternative communication as a cultural experience in Spain and Italy (Eco, Berardi, Guattari, Negri, Virno, Moragas, Prado)
    • Correspondence between political culture in both countries ( polarized pluralism : Hallin & Mancini, 2008)
  • 11. State of the question in the analyzed areas
    • Latin America: The 80s lost decade , liberalism from the 90s: Devaluation of critical knowledge, celebration of the audience autonomy & decontextualization of material conditions (Mattelart & Neveu, 2003)
    • Spain: economic growth, Europeanization, institutionalization or disappearance of alternative communication, commercial and technocentric focus in the communication research field
    • Italy: prosecution or institutionalization of alternative media, expansion of tele-street & other counter-hegemonic expressions, politicized media system
  • 12. Challenges
    • How Global South and peripheries are being appropriated by alternative communication research in the North ?
    • Is the South making the same decontextualization mistake?
    • How could we improve global and interdisciplinary exchange?
    • How can we revitalize the debate on alternative communication in Latin America & Spain?
  • 13. Proposals
    • Strengthening of international research & action associations (IAMCR/AIERI, OURMedia, The Communication Initiative Network, etc.)
    • Urgency on the exchange between approaches from different origins, adequately contextualized
    • Development of mechanisms that help to unblock the linguistic limitations on equal terms
    • Return to the classics without glorification but “practical utopia” (Rustin, 2004)
    • Applied research & proposals in the Spanish context (Barranquero y Sáez, 2010)