A Perspective from Security Research   International Security Forum, Lviv, 15-16 April 2010, Section III: „ Global Securit...
ESRAB definition of security research <ul><li>“ Research activities that aim at identifying, preventing, deterring, prepar...
Focus: Common security criteria? <ul><li>EU perspective (global actor, effective multilateralism) </li></ul><ul><li>Approa...
“ Constitutional” limits to common criteria <ul><li>The Union shall respect the equality of Member States before the Treat...
“ Constitutional”  Potential:  Security of the Union as a whole <ul><li>2. The Union shall define and pursue common polici...
“ Constitutional”  Potential: EU civil protecvtion  <ul><li>1. The Union shall encourage cooperation between Member States...
EU comprehensive approach   <ul><li>Holistic approach to security and stability in the neighbourhood, as enshrined in the ...
Cf. e.g. NATO Comprehensive Political Guidance (Riga Summit, 2006) <ul><li>„ the ability and flexibility to conduct operat...
Example:  European critical infrastructure (ECI) <ul><li>&quot;European Critical Infrastructure&quot;, are those assets, s...
Common criteria for critical infrastructure   <ul><li>Step 1: Each member state shall apply sectoral criteria according to...
Security culture (from ESRIF WG 10)
Security research programmes
Limits to comprehensiveness:  Security research & security policy   <ul><li>In D, I, NL, N, S and UK, relevant security re...
How to realize common criteria? <ul><li>Build on convergence of national practices and instruments for security (research)...
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Section3 siedschlag eng

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Section3 siedschlag eng

  1. 1. A Perspective from Security Research International Security Forum, Lviv, 15-16 April 2010, Section III: „ Global Security: Are Common Criteria Possible? Prof. Dr. hab. A. Siedschlag
  2. 2. ESRAB definition of security research <ul><li>“ Research activities that aim at identifying, preventing, deterring, preparing and protecting against unlawful or intentional malicious acts harming European societies; human beings, organisations or structures, material and immaterial goods and infrastructures, including mitigation and operational continuity after such an attack (also applicable after natural/industrial disasters).” </li></ul><ul><li>≠ CFSP </li></ul>
  3. 3. Focus: Common security criteria? <ul><li>EU perspective (global actor, effective multilateralism) </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches to defining security and security dimensions: 21st century challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Counteraction to network threats (terrorism, crime, cyber threats) </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Constitutional” limits to common criteria <ul><li>The Union shall respect the equality of Member States before the Treaties as well as their national identities, inherent in their fundamental structures, political and constitutional, inclusive of regional and local self-government. It shall respect their essential State functions, including ensuring the territorial integrity of the State, maintaining law and order and safeguarding national security. In particular, national security remains the sole responsibility of each Member State. </li></ul><ul><li>(art. 4, par. 2 TEU-Lisbon) </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Constitutional” Potential: Security of the Union as a whole <ul><li>2. The Union shall define and pursue common policies and actions, and shall work for a high degree of cooperation in all fields of international relations, in order to: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) safeguard its values, fundamental interests, security, independence and integrity </li></ul><ul><li>(art. 2, par. 2a TEU-Lisbon) </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Constitutional” Potential: EU civil protecvtion <ul><li>1. The Union shall encourage cooperation between Member States in order to improve the effectiveness of systems for preventing and protecting against natural or man-made disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>Union action shall aim to: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) support and complement Member States' action at national, regional and local level in risk prevention […]; </li></ul><ul><li>(b) promote swift, effective operational cooperation within the Union between national civil-protection services; </li></ul><ul><li>(c) promote consistency in international civil-protection work. </li></ul><ul><li>(art. 196 TFEU-Lisbon) </li></ul>
  7. 7. EU comprehensive approach <ul><li>Holistic approach to security and stability in the neighbourhood, as enshrined in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-pillar approach to conflict prevention, as adopted on the Gothenburg European Council (2001) (EU Programme for the Prevention of Violent Conflicts) </li></ul><ul><li>the participation of the EU in the production of Global Public Goods (GPG), such as freedom from fear, political participation, respect for human rights, inclusive economic order etc. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sven Biscop: „The European Security Strategy in context. A compprehensive trend,“ in Sven Biscop, ed.: The European Security Strategy. Milton Park, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 5-20.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cf. e.g. NATO Comprehensive Political Guidance (Riga Summit, 2006) <ul><li>„ the ability and flexibility to conduct operations in circumstances where the various efforts of several authorities, institutions and nations need to be coordinated in a comprehensive manner to achieve the desired results“. (§ 15 h) </li></ul><ul><li>„ Delivering these capabilities requires an openness to new technologies, concepts, doctrines and procedures supporting, in particular, an approach to operations which […] aims at the coherent and comprehensive application of the various instruments of the Alliance to create overall effects that will achieve the desired outcome.“ (§ 17) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example: European critical infrastructure (ECI) <ul><li>&quot;European Critical Infrastructure&quot;, are those assets, systems or parts thereof located in EU memberstates which are essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people (e.g. electricity, gas and oil production, transport and distribution ; telecommunication ; agriculture ; financial and security services ; etc.), and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact on at least two EU member states. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common criteria for critical infrastructure <ul><li>Step 1: Each member state shall apply sectoral criteria according to the characteristics of individual energy and transport infrastructure in order to make a first selection of &quot;potential critical infrastructure&quot;; </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Checking if the infrastructure it matches the criteria established in the critical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Establishment of trans-boundary effect of the infrastructure (i.e. affecting two or more member states); </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Application of the following cross-cutting criteria to the infrstructure: casualties criterion (assessed in terms of potential number of fatalities or injuries); economic effects criterion (assessed in terms of the significance of economic loss and/or degradation of products or services; including potential environmental effects); public effects criterion (assessed in terms of the impact of public confidence, public health and disruption of daily life; including the loss of essential services). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Security culture (from ESRIF WG 10)
  12. 12. Security research programmes
  13. 13. Limits to comprehensiveness: Security research & security policy <ul><li>In D, I, NL, N, S and UK, relevant security research programme development/review committees and/or responsible agencies not explicitly include or even explicitly exclude the defence sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Only in A, F and SP, the defence sector is explicitly included. </li></ul><ul><li>Only D, F, I, S and SP have a strong focus on reaction/response. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to realize common criteria? <ul><li>Build on convergence of national practices and instruments for security (research) governance. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance nationally driven initiatives for standardization and certification, including support for operating multilateral strategies, is a more effective EU action than harmonization. </li></ul><ul><li>Support cross-national compatibility of security capabilities as well as aggregation and integration of national/proprietary standardization and certification procedures. </li></ul>

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