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From Risk Assessment to Capability Assessment while building capabilities


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Presentation of Carlos Mendes

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From Risk Assessment to Capability Assessment while building capabilities

  1. 1. Carlos Mendes, National Authority for Emergency and Civil Protection, PORTUGAL From Risk Assessment to Capability Assessment……while building capabilities 9th High Level Risk Forum Building capabilities to manage critical risks
  2. 2. 2013/14 1st NRA 2017/18 1st NCA Capability building 2018/19 2nd NRA 9th High Level Risk Forum Building capabilities to manage critical risks
  3. 3. Main driver: Decision No 1313/2013/EU on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism “In order to promote an effective and coherent approach to prevention of and preparedness for disasters (…) Member States shall: (a) develop risk assessments at national or appropriate sub-national level (…); (b) develop and refine their disaster risk management planning (…); (c) make available (…) the assessment of their risk management capability (…); (d) participate, on a voluntary basis, in peer reviews on the assessment of risk management capability.” 9th High Level Risk Forum Building capabilities to manage critical risks
  4. 4. Responsability: The Portuguese Authority for Emergency and Civil Protection (ANEPC) is the Government Agency designated to coordinate the work on the National Risk Assessment National Risk Assessment
  5. 5. Advisory Group: ANEPC was supported by the National Civil Protection Committee Committee (CNPC), which provided feed-back on the National Risk Assessment. CNPC is a cross-departmental advisory board, with representatives from all the Ministries (e.g. health, environment, defence, transport, etc.) and from emergency services (e.g. Police, Fire-Brigades, Armed Forces, etc.) National Risk Assessment
  6. 6. Very High Et.Quakes Tsunamis Forest Fires Heat waves High Radiolog. Emergenc. T. Danger. Goods Floods Droughts Moderate Landslides Industrial Accidents Low Coastal Erosion Very Low Low Medium- Low Medium Medium- High High Impact Likelihood National Risk Assessment
  7. 7. National Risk Assessment NRA 2019 Update • New risk considered: wind storms • Updated data regarding the risk of heat waves, droughts, floods, tsunamis, dam-break, accidents in Seveso establishments • New climate change scenarios
  8. 8. National Capability Assessment Decision No 1313/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism “Risk management capability is assessed in terms of the technical, financial and administrative capacity to carry out adequate: (a) risk assessments; (b) risk management planning for prevention and preparedness; and (c) [implement] risk prevention and preparedness measures”
  9. 9. Based on the results from the risk assessment it was possible to develop an inventory of already existent risk management capabilities and, at the same time, identify areas that would need further development (at legal, technical and financial level) in order to increase resilience. National Capability Assessment
  10. 10. • Self-assessment exercise • Facilitate an update on the “State of the art” • Allows for the identification of gaps and constraints • Compilation of good practices • All-hazards approach, with focus on main risks (forest fires, floods, extreme weather) and HILP risks (earthquakes and tsunamis) National Capability Assessment
  11. 11. Strenghts  Existence of a well defined legislative and institutional framework for for risk management (cross-sectoral and sectoral);  Consideration of risk assessment as the basis for planning processes and for the implementation of measures;  Good engagement of different communities of interest, including academia and the private sector;  Increasing consideration of climate change impacts at all stages of the risk management process. National Capability Assessment
  12. 12. Limitations  Levels of preparation vary according to the risks (i.e., their incidence or severity);  Lack of indicators to measure the impact of the prevention and preparedness actions;  Risk management initiatives are spread across different agencies and ministries  make it difficult to have an aggregate view on prevention prevention and preparedness initiatives. National Capability Assessment
  13. 13. National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (Resolution of the Council of Ministers nº160/2017, 30 October) Building capabilities • Implementation of prevention and preparedness actions, reinforcing the role of the local level • Coordination amongst different sectorial instruments, action plans and programs • Highlight prevention and preparedness as a priority to disaster risk management
  14. 14. 2. Increase risk knowlege 3. Implement prevention actions 4. Reinforce preparedness 5. Engaging citizens 1. Strenghtning risk governace 101 actions to be developped until end-2020 5 strategic goals in line with the Sendai Framework for action Building capabilities
  15. 15. • New legal framework for CP at local level • Guidelines for local DRR Platforms • Handbook of best practices at local level • Engagement of academia and the private sector (energy, finance, insurance, water, health, etc…) • Training actions to volunteers • Review of the rural fires’ 1. Strenghtning risk governance Building capabilities
  16. 16. 2. Increase risk knowledge • Update of the NRA • Risk maps (floods, rural fires, etc.) • Development of criteria for a database of losses and damages Building capabilities
  17. 17. • Implement CCA strategies • Spatial planning measures • Urban rehabilitation • Structural prevention (rural fires, floods, coastal erosion, droughts, etc) 3. Implement prevention actions Building capabilities
  18. 18. • Legal framework for public warnings • SMS warning system • Uniformization of pictograms • Guidelines for emergency plans • Exercises (e.g. Cascade’19) 4. Reinforce preparedness Building capabilities
  19. 19. • Risk education guidelines • CP Clubs at schools • “Train the teachers” • “Safe Village, Safe People” 5. Engaging citizens Building capabilities
  20. 20. Peer review of the Portuguese Disaster Risk Management Approach (16-27SEP2019) • Comprehensive (full-cycle) review, with focus on wildfires, tsunamis and CBRN risks related to SEVESO installations Building capabilities
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention! 9th High Level Risk Forum Building capabilities to manage critical risks