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Local Food Policy & Health: State Policies Supporting /SNAP in Farmers Markets - PowerPoint Presenation

Local Food Policy & Health: State Policies Supporting /SNAP in Farmers Markets - PowerPoint Presenation






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  • The dramatic increase in SNAP alo
  • Because of the dramatic increase in SNAP eligibility and participation. Wal Mart redeems 25% accoridnt to Merigan
  • Only 27 of those in 2010 went to new EBT projects
  • Suzanne Two different FM EBT Strategies History of Iowa program Lack of farmer market infrastructure Leveraged SNAP Adminstrative dollars to pay for alls fees except ones related to credit or debit. This system is still the best for Iowa today since their markets are still run by farmers and have a market manager for the day. History of New York. Started their program in 2002 by giving wireless machines to their farmers In 2005 moved to developing a central terminal system.
  • On your sheets are examples of how different states are becoming partners with farmers markets. Providing grants to lower the start up cost. (MN) Purchasing machines for distribution (PA) Reimbursing the farmers for the cost of the machine, Paying SNAP related fees Partnering with private foundations to provide matching dollars Developing promotional campaigns (GA) Research studies on SNAP in Farmers Markets
  • In light of some of these fantastic recent changes, what’s left?-Research paper due out in June, which will serve as a launching pad for advocacy at the state, national, and local level for SNAP/EBTMA: $2,500 per market, including up to $200 for fixed operating costs, and promotional costs for one year. No staffing costsAlso Oregon: HB 3274 – Directs the Department of Human Services to request a pilot program from USDA to remove the foods of minimal nutrition value out of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP/food stamps).
  • I would like to end by sharing how important the programs on the ground informs policy. When I do my work, I often frame my projects around the RWJ 4 P’s strategy Those 4 P’s are Partnership, Program, Policy and Promotion. If each of work those 4 P’s simultaneiously, especially understanding the interplay between program policy, together we will create a movement.
  • AB 537 Began in Salinas Valley and Monterey County

Local Food Policy & Health: State Policies Supporting /SNAP in Farmers Markets - PowerPoint Presenation Local Food Policy & Health: State Policies Supporting /SNAP in Farmers Markets - PowerPoint Presenation Presentation Transcript

  • State Policies Supporting SNAP in Farmers Markets
    May 20, 2011 Portland, OR
  • Introductions
    Drew Love, Research & Education Intern
    Farmers Market Coalition
    Stacy Miller, Executive Director
    Farmers Market Coalition
    Suzanne Briggs, Technical Assistance Manager
    Co-Author, Real Food, Real Choice
    Farmers Market Coalition
    Karen Kinney, Executive Director
    Washington State Farmers Market Coalition
    Deborah Yashar, Food Systems Program Manager
    Agriculture & Land-Based Training Association (ALBA)
  • Why Farmers Markets?
    Farmers become price
    makers versus price takers
    Define a sense of place; Build community
    Offer living examples of vibrant local economies
    Bridge urban and rural divides
    Children learn the value of healthy food
    Strengthens community ties via cross-cutting Relationships
  • Prevalenceof Farmers Markets
  • SNAP Benefits ($1,000) in 2008
  • Online at www.farmersmarketcoalition.org
    • Strategic plan: 2,000 market authorized; $7.2 million in benefits redeemed by 2015
    • Retailer locator: www.snapretailerlocator.com
    • Blanket waver for scrip and incentives: Feb 2010
    • 1,611 FM SNAP authorized retailers: Sept 2010
    • FNS begins research on farmers markets’ relationship with nutrition programs: Nov 2010
    • $4 million requested in 2011 and 2012 budgets
    SNAP Leadership at USDA
  • References and More Information
    • USDA Strategic Plan
    • Farmers Market SNAP Sales Soar in 2010
    • FMC Explores Implications of IRS Electronic Payment Reporting Requirement
    • Real Food Real Choice: Connecting SNAP Recipients with Farmers Markets
    • FNS Funds Research to Better Understand Farmers Markets
    • Letter to Congress RE: $4 million
  • Promising Programs & Policies for SNAP in Farmers MarketsSuzanne Briggs, collaboration
    May 20, 2011 Portland, OR
  • Two Different FM EBT Strategies
    Iowa – In 2005, Iowa DHS funded EBT programs for farmersin part by a regular 50/50 match on SNAP administration.
    New York – In 2002 provided wireless machines to farmers. Starting in 2005 began developing a central-terminal system at the farmers market level.
  • Promising Programs & Partnerships
  • Promising Programs & Partnerships: Examples
    $50K grant program via DTA and Dept. of Ag., with input from Mass Federation of FMs
    Specialty crop block grants used to expand SNAP at farmers markets
    New York
    Close collaboration between FMFNY, NY Dept of Ag., and OTDA
  • Promising State Policies
    SB 6483, the Local Farms, Healthy Kids Act put wireless POS into 20 markets
    HB 4756, the Farmers Market Technology Improvement Program
    A.B. 537 requires markets to allow a qualified organization to operate SNAP
  • Community Partners
  • Types of Community Partners
    Businesses and merchants
    Schools and educational institutions
    Non-profits and faith-based organizations
    Health and social service organizations
    Market volunteers
  • Farmers Market
  • Washington State SB 6483 Local Food, Healthy KidsKaren Kinney King County Soil & Water ConservationWashington State Farmers Market Association
  • SB 6483
    Eases state and school procurement restrictions to better enable school districts and state entities to choose local
    Establishes a Farm to School Program that will facilitate the purchasing of Washington-grow farm products by schools
    Creates the Washington Grown Fresh Fruit and Vegetable program
  • Outcomes
    Promotes school garden
    Establishes a Farmers Market Technology Program
    Establishes three Farm to Food Bank pilot programs
    Expands and increases funding for the Farmers Market Nutrition Program
    Funded at $1,490,000
  • Why is it so darn cool?
    Magic Moment in time!
    Precedent Setter!
    First multi-pronged food
    system legislation in WA state.
    Coalition Builder!
      Created new strategic
         relationships between 
         environmentalists and 
         sustainable ag supporters.
  • Bringing People and Ideas… Together!
    Strong existing network of sustainable ag and food system organizations
    Able to fast-track a good idea
    Right people at the right time
    Ag people learned how the environmental community works together to promote agenda
    Helped mainstream the idea of spending money on local farmers to promote big policy issues
  • Champions in House and Senate    
    Key emphasis on diversity, so it wasn’t seen as just a KCSeattle interest.
    House Champion: 
    Eric Pettigrew-Represents most
    diverse zip code in USA
    Senate Champion: 
    Brian Hatfield-Previous work experience with WEC.
    Bill Passes!
    House: 95-1
    Senate: 44-0
  • What's Happening Now?
    Coalition is still working well due to strong personal connections. 
    New common ground issues continue to arise:
    • Formed Good Food Coalition
    • Ongoing commitment to all projects resulting from the legislation
    • Worked on State Food Policy Council proposal – 2009
    • Responded to state budget woes in 2011
    • Protect F2S and WSDA budget
    • Protect future of Farmers Market Nutrition Program 
  • Farmers Market Tech Program
    The Basics:
        1 Year
        Report to Legislature in 
        November, 2009
    State contracted with Washington State Farmers Market
    Association (WSFMA)
    Stakeholders formed advisory
    Committee to oversee and
    direct project
    WSFMA hired the contractor
  • Hurdles to Capacity Building
    Staffing, funding, and infrastructural challenges
    Difficult to find streamlined payment methods
  • Victories
    Created turnkey project
    20 Farmers Markets, serving a wide variety of customers and communities, were able to accept EBT Cards.
    Significant increase in farmers market sales
    Mini-grant model works well for pilot projects
    Broader recognition for WSFMA
    Great opportunity for Advisory Committee
  • Washington: USDA EBT Data
  • EBT Wins! Baby Eats Strawberry!
    1st Year:
    Total Card Sales: $302,417
    EBT: $49,349
    Credit: $157,448 
    Debit: $93,140
    2nd Year
    Total Card Sales: $425,013 
    (40% increase)
    EBT: $68,674 (increase 39%)
    Credit: $231,466 (47%)
    Debit: $125,633 (increase 35%)
    Watching baby eat farmers market strawberry?: Priceless
  • Relationship Building    
    Strengthened Institutional Partnerships
    King County Agriculture Program
    State Agencies
    Expanded Partnerships
    Local Health Agencies
    Other States
    Farmers Market Coalition
  • Lessons Learned
    Building partnerships between multiple local agencies builds capacity for both organizations. 
    Relationship development takes time, and successful relationships depend upon the personalities involved. 
    Be realistic about time
    Consider organization’s long term commitment to a project, before adopting it
  • California Assembly Bill 537 EBT in Farmers MarketsDeborah Yashar, ALBA
  • Assembly Bill 537
    Making federal food assistance (SNAP) benefits universally accepted as a legitimate form of payment in farmers markets.
    “An interested collective group or association of produce sellers that is FNS authorized and in the market may initiate and operate an EBT acceptance system on behalf of its members.”
  • Coalition Building
    Coalition building with Assembly member Juan Arambula of Fresno, and supporting stakeholders.
    Key partnerships with organizers/lobbyists in the state capitol.
    As more groups became involved the bill changed.
    Final version of the bill was less robust than original which required every market in CA to accept EBT by year 2012.
  • Debate and Compromise
    Having a healthy debate over difference of opinions can turn the process into one that is unifying rather than controlling or exclusionary
    As a result of the compromising, the one-time opponents became advocates of the bill and testified their support in public
  • Capacity building to empower new leaders
    Another outcome of policy-making is the capacity-building among participants that get involved in the political process
    Knowledge and experience in policy-making is passed on by mentors and new leaders emerge
  • Make Progress
    Put the issue on the radar of policy-makers and farmers markets
    -> Bill provided an incentive for market managers to set up the system in their area.
    -> After the bill passed, several markets in California decided to implement EBT.
  • Debate+Compromise+Allies+Change= Success!
    Today all markets in Salinas accept EBT!
    11 markets in Monterey County as opposed to 6 prior.
  • Questions?