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Life of Paul
Overview of Paul’s life <ul><li>Born within a decade of Jesus and died probably by martyrdom in the mid to late 60s. </li>...
Overview of Paul’s life <ul><li>Studied under Gamaliel I a prominent Rabbi of the Day </li></ul><ul><li>He was trilingual ...
Missionary Journeys and Paul’s Letters <ul><li>Galatians was probably written after Paul and Barnabas’ tour of Asia (A.D. ...
Enlightenment and Authorship of the letters <ul><li>Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians and...
Paul and Jesus <ul><li>Critical scholarship says that Paul twisted the original message of Jesus into an idealized divine ...
Paul’s Teaching about God. <ul><li>God is at the center of Paul’s theology. </li></ul><ul><li>God’s wisdom and knowledge s...
Evil and the Human Dilemma <ul><li>Paul does not speculate on the origin of evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinners (Rom 3:23; Eph...
Paul and the Law <ul><li>Paul takes the OT as authoritative on the human condition. </li></ul><ul><li>The Law condemns leg...
Children of Abraham, Children of God: Paul’s view of the People of God. <ul><li>This is not a new religion it is founded i...
Revelation and Scripture <ul><li>The heart of the mystery of the Gospel is the word of salvation in Jesus Christ. </li></u...
Messiah <ul><li>Paul first rejected Jesus as the Messiah; yet later in life said that Jesus is who he claimed to be. </li>...
Redemption <ul><li>Only rarely would anyone lay down his life for another (Rom 5:7-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption refers ...
Cross <ul><li>A summary of Paul’s message is “the word of the cross” </li></ul><ul><li>The cross is the means to salvation...
Resurrection   <ul><li>The message of Jesus stands or falls with the resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>This theme is at the ...
The Church <ul><li>Christ died and rose to rescue a corporate body, the company of the redeemed, the elect, the people of ...
Ethics <ul><li>Practical living is all over Paul’s letters </li></ul><ul><li>Be imitators of God </li></ul><ul><li>Gal 5:6...
Eschatology <ul><li>Paul’s view of the end makes dramatic effects on how he lives in the present.  </li></ul><ul><li>Parou...
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Christianity 2

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Transcript of "Christianity 2"

  1. 1. Life of Paul
  2. 2. Overview of Paul’s life <ul><li>Born within a decade of Jesus and died probably by martyrdom in the mid to late 60s. </li></ul><ul><li>From Tarsus (Hellenistic city); chief city of the Roman province Cilicia </li></ul><ul><li>Tarsus was a hotbed for Hellenistic activity and Roman culture. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a Jew to the core: the OT occupied his thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Phil 3:5…Paul’s pedigree </li></ul><ul><li>Educated from his childhood in Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>His name is Saul but he uses his Greek name (Paul) among the Greeks Acts 13:9 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview of Paul’s life <ul><li>Studied under Gamaliel I a prominent Rabbi of the Day </li></ul><ul><li>He was trilingual (Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic) </li></ul><ul><li>Knew the LXX extremely well. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible that Saul even witnessed Jesus’ death in Jerusalem as a child. </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling the 150 miles from Jerusalem to Damascus with legal documents to kill Christians, he is confronted with Jesus. (Acts 9:1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Paul spent various amounts of Time in Arabia, Damascus, and Jerusalem </li></ul>
  4. 4. Missionary Journeys and Paul’s Letters <ul><li>Galatians was probably written after Paul and Barnabas’ tour of Asia (A.D. 47-49). </li></ul><ul><li>The second journey with Silas and Timothy lasted three years (A.D. 50-53): Churches founded were Philippi, Berea, Thessalonica, and Corinth. </li></ul><ul><li>The third Journey lasted from A.D. 53-57. He had a long stay in Ephesus on this journey…as he went through Macedonia, he wrote 1 & 2 Corinthians. At the end of this season he wrote Romans from Corinth in (A.D. 57). </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested in Jerusalem and shipped to Rome: here he wrote the “prison letters” Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul died around 67 A.D. under the reign of Nero. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Enlightenment and Authorship of the letters <ul><li>Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians and Philemon are definitely Pauline ( Der Hauptbrief ). </li></ul><ul><li>Critical scholarship denies that Paul wrote the Pastorals. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s own writings are the source of his theology for the most part. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Paul and Jesus <ul><li>Critical scholarship says that Paul twisted the original message of Jesus into an idealized divine man. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus Christianity as we know it is the product of Paul and not Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s theology is an extension of Jesus’ teaching (Acts 9:15). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Paul’s Teaching about God. <ul><li>God is at the center of Paul’s theology. </li></ul><ul><li>God’s wisdom and knowledge stretch beyond human reach (Rom 11:33-36) 1 Cor 1:18ff </li></ul><ul><li>God comforts the afflicted and raises the dead </li></ul><ul><li>He is faithful </li></ul><ul><li>Gives his Spirit as a down payment for the believer. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the living God who made heaven and earth and everything in it. </li></ul><ul><li>1 Tim 1:17 </li></ul><ul><li>God is one nature while being three persons (Eph 1:3-14). </li></ul><ul><li>God is personal and approachable </li></ul><ul><li>God is concerned with social morality and personal ethics </li></ul><ul><li>God is to be feared, loved, served, and worshiped. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Evil and the Human Dilemma <ul><li>Paul does not speculate on the origin of evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinners (Rom 3:23; Eph 2:1-3) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Paul and the Law <ul><li>Paul takes the OT as authoritative on the human condition. </li></ul><ul><li>The Law condemns legalism </li></ul><ul><li>The Law points to Christ (Gal 3:24; Rom 3:21) </li></ul><ul><li>Justified by faith (Rom 3:28; Micah 6:6-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Law and Galatians… </li></ul><ul><li>Paul has a positive evaluation of the law (Rom 3:31; 7:12, 14; Gal 5:14; 6:2) </li></ul><ul><li>One has to understand Paul’s concept of the law in relation to the background of the specific problem that he is facing. </li></ul><ul><li>“ New Perspective” (E.P. Sanders) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Children of Abraham, Children of God: Paul’s view of the People of God. <ul><li>This is not a new religion it is founded in the OT and it is the very thing that Abraham and the prophets were looking forward to. </li></ul><ul><li>Read Gal 3:6-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Israel has a prominent place in salvation history (Rom 9-11). </li></ul><ul><li>Children of God are to be seen in the scheme of OT salvation history. Rom 8:16; Gal 4:4-5 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Revelation and Scripture <ul><li>The heart of the mystery of the Gospel is the word of salvation in Jesus Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews and Gentiles are now on the same level in God’s eyes. (Gal 3:28) </li></ul><ul><li>Paul has apostolic authority to write his letters. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Messiah <ul><li>Paul first rejected Jesus as the Messiah; yet later in life said that Jesus is who he claimed to be. </li></ul><ul><li>God is Jesus who died in human form (Phil 2:6-11; Col 1:15-20 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Redemption <ul><li>Only rarely would anyone lay down his life for another (Rom 5:7-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption refers to paying the price for the release of prisoners from captivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption is much like liberation…exodus is brought to mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption is both a past event and a future hope (Rom 8:23). </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption is the forgiveness of sins that is brought about by Christ’s death. </li></ul><ul><li>A ransom must be paid to set men free from sin. (Substitutionary atonement) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cross <ul><li>A summary of Paul’s message is “the word of the cross” </li></ul><ul><li>The cross is the means to salvation as well as the means to life in Christ. (2 Cor 13:4; Gal 6:14). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Resurrection <ul><li>The message of Jesus stands or falls with the resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>This theme is at the heart of Paul’s message: only three of his letters lack mention of the resurrection (2 Thess, Titus, and Philemon) </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection is to be a lived reality for believers. </li></ul><ul><li>Rom 8:11 and Sanctification. </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection is our true and only hope. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Church <ul><li>Christ died and rose to rescue a corporate body, the company of the redeemed, the elect, the people of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Christ’s purpose is to create a new man from the Jews and Greeks Eph 2:15-16 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ethics <ul><li>Practical living is all over Paul’s letters </li></ul><ul><li>Be imitators of God </li></ul><ul><li>Gal 5:6 </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s ethics has to be lived to be fully understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s ethic is based on the righteousness of God. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Eschatology <ul><li>Paul’s view of the end makes dramatic effects on how he lives in the present. </li></ul><ul><li>Parousia- coming of the Lord. More about presence than anything else. </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection of the dead, Judgment and life in the world to come. </li></ul>
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