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Emas sustainablity

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SURVEY ON EMAS CERTIFIED COMMERCIAL SITES AND SUSTAINABILITY TRENDS IN THE RETAIL SECTOR

SURVEY ON EMAS CERTIFIED COMMERCIAL SITES AND SUSTAINABILITY TRENDS IN THE RETAIL SECTOR


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  • 1. SURVEY ON EMAS CERTIFIED COMMERCIAL SITES AND SUSTAINABILITY TRENDS IN THE RETAIL SECTOR
  • 2. Commerce in the EU
    • Interface between industry and the EU 370 million consumers / citizens
    • 13% of EU GDP; 4.7 million entreprises
    • 22.5 million workers from all parts of society
  • 3. EuroCommerce
    • Representation of the Retail, Wholesale and International Trade sectors to the EU institutions
    • Members in 24 Countries from:
      • National federations (7 from the Accession countries)
      • Individual companies
      • European sectorial trade associations
    • A recognised social partner in European Social Dialogue for Commerce
  • 4. EuroCommerce (cont)
    • Our mission:
    • Promote and defend the interests of Commerce towards the European Institutions
    • - Explain as much as Lobby
    • Raise the visibility of Commerce to reflect the importance of the sector in the European economy
    • Inform members of EU developments
  • 5. Scope of the surveY
    • The questionnaire has been sent to 60 registered EMAS wholesalers/retailers companies
    • We received 23 answers back.
    • Main countries represented: Germany but also Sweden, Denmark, Austria and Spain
    • 14 Large retailers: none are EMAS certified, 5 are ISO 14001 certified (Auchan, Marks & Spencer, SOK corporation, Sainsbury PLC, C&A and Kesko)
  • 6. What fields of activity are represented?
  • 7.  
  • 8. Why did you not choose ISO 14001?
  • 9. What is the cost to receive EMAS certification?
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. CONCLUSION
    • Environmental issues are a widespread concern among customers and entrepreneurs
    • Many SMEs implemented the EMAS management system, and not only large companies
    • EMAS registration is mostly considered as a beneficial policy to implement
    • Large distributors are really expecting their suppliers to implement the EMAS management system, despite they don’t necessarily implement it themselves
  • 13. Sustainability and the retail sector
    • Since the early nineties, large retailers have been reporting on their environmental issues. Then, they included the social dimension to the environmental report.
    • Now, the trend is that large retailers publish sustainability reports with indicators generally elaborated by themselves. (comparability between two retailers reports)
    • In 2002 two retailers issued a sustainability report based on some of the GRI Guidelines (Carrefour, Kesko) . We will study those two as being representative of the sector. This does not discard the other reports which are also relevant.
  • 14. Carrefour Reporting System
    • Improving the reporting system by identifying relevant performance indicators:
    • The group reviewed: Ethical rating agency questionnaire The new French Economic Regulation making environmental and societal reporting compulsory for listed companies The GRI guidelines The goals set out in the first Sustainability Report The indicators used by other companies in the retail sector to facilitate comparison of the Carrefour performance with that of their competitors
  • 15. Carrefour Reporting System (cont.)
    • in 2002, 21 countries participated in the Group reporting
    • Identification of Key performance indicators (KPIs) 1. Consolidated sales excluding VAT and net income from recurring operations after goodwill 2. Number of countries completing the Group sustainable development reporting 3. Number of purchase offices that use the Group’s Quality Scoreboard 4. Number of stores audited on the Group’s hygiene and quality standards. 5. Energy consumption/sales area 6. Water consumption/sale area 7. Water treatment (% recycled)
  • 16. Carrefour Reporting System (cont )
    • 8. Share of women in management positions 9. Number of supplier facilities audited on social issues 10. Number of days of training per employee, per year 11. Number of Carrefour Quality Line products 12. Number of organic or ecological products
    • The Carrefour report is based on some of the performance indicators of the GRI (see copy)
  • 17. Carrefour awards for its 2002 Sustainable Report
    • Carrefour was listed on the Dow Jones Sustainability Index for the first time
    • Carrefour has qualified for the first time to “Storebrand Principle Funds” portfolio of ethical companies by Storebrand, Scandinavia’s leading ethical funds manager
  • 18. Carrefour policy with suppliers
    • 15 countries includes a code of ethics in the employment contract of purchasers
    • Carrefour promote partnership with SMEs entering, among other things, into long terms commitments: In France “the commitment contract” strengthens the business co-operation with 255 SMEs through mutual commitments
    • Carrefour works in close partnership with their supplier for their own brand products. They set up a product safety programme for its controlled products
    • Carrefour encourages their suppliers to put in place an Environmental Management System (EMS) even providing some financial aid for that.
  • 19. Carrefour packaging design policy
    • The Group compiled a guide to packaging conception, to disseminate best practices throughout the Group. It defines the essential features of packaging including environmental criteria.
    • In 2002, Carrefour France saved 484 tonnes of raw material (a total of 4 500 tonnes since 1996)
    • It launched two projects to existing material reduction initiatives: a GMO free vegetal ink for use in paper and cardboard packaging and a new ecological limestone-based material to wrap own brand butter
  • 20. Carrefour labelling
    • Carrefour buys FSC certified roble
    • Silver Sea private label for the purchase of fish
    • Filière qualité de carrefour
  • 21. Carrefour Social Commitments
    • Carrefour developed a Social Commitment Charter whereby it enforces basic workers’ right as laid down by the ILO, I.e., eradication of slave labour, a ban on employing children under the age of 14, etc
    • Carrefour created the INFANS association in partnership with the International Federation of Human Rights whose role is to monitor social risks, carry out spot checks and identify local NGOs able to oversee the roll-out of Carrefour’s initiative out in the field
  • 22. Conclusions
    • Economic pillar goals: 1. Make quality products available to the greatest number of people 2. Guarantee balanced trade 3. Pay grower a fair price 4. Develop long-term relations with local partners 5. Promote international trade
    • Societal pillar goals: 1. Uphold human rights, especially those of children 2. Help maintain local jobs 3. Ensure consumer health and safety 4. Promote the sharing of know-how
  • 23. Conclusions (cont)
    • Environmental pillar:
    • 1.Preserve the environment by limiting the negative impact of Carrefour’s Quality Lines
    • 2. Preserve bio-diversity
    • 3. Conserve natural resources
    • 4. Manage waste
  • 24. Kesko
    • Kesko is Finland’s leading trading sector marketing and logistics company
    • Kesko fully owns its subsidiaries: Kesko Agro, Kesko Food (55% of Kesko net sales), Rautakesko and Keswell are responsible for store sites, purchasing, logistics, marketing and chain co-operation with the respective K-retailers.
  • 25. Kesko Reporting System
    • The Kesko report follows closely the GRI guidelines but not 100%
    • GRI Environmental indicators not used in the Kesko report: 1.Specifications of supplier practices 2. Information on land-ownership and its impacts 3. Fuel consumption statistics 4. Indicator typical of industrial activities 5. Detailed environmental analysis of water use
    • GRI economic indicators not used in the Kesko report: 1. The value of research and development 2. Wages and benefits have not been given by country 3. An economic supplier analysis is missing
  • 26. Kesko Reporting System( cont)
    • GRI social indicator not used by the Kesko report The social kesko reporting differs most from the guidelines 1. No information on special programmes for minorities, nor on the ratio of lowest wage to national legal minimum or cost of living 2. The questions relating to child and forced labour, freedom of association are discussed under the standard SA 8000 with the suppliers and not in relation with Kesko personnel
  • 27. Kesko awards in 2001
    • In 2001, Kesko was awarded as being the best overall reporter of responsibility by the Finnish Forum of environmental experts who compared environmental and corporate responsibility reports.
    • The Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council Waste Management awarded the “2001 Natural Resource Saver prize to Kesko Food”.
    • Kesko Eco-efficient construction model was given an honorary mention in the “Environmental Deed of the year” category, because they combine ecologically and financially business operations.
  • 28. Kesko labelling and EMS
    • The logistics of Kesko Food LTD and Kesped Ltd, became the first companies in the Finnish trading sector to obtain ISO 14001 certification in January 2001
    • In 2002, Kesko food had 445 organic products and 215 products with environmental labelling (Nordic Swan and EU flower for example)
    • FSC label for garden furniture
  • 29. Kesko Environmental Store Diploma
    • In spring 2003, the diploma was granted to 33K-food stores.
    • Conditions to get the diploma: the hypermarket director, the employees responsible for environmental affairs and the whole personnel are trained, and that a comprehensive environmental audit is passed. In the audit, made by a third party, assessment is made as to whether the store fulfils the detailed requirements set for awarding the diploma.
    • The K-environmental store diploma gained international recognition as the UNEP and ICC selected it among the 10 best sustainable developments partnership out of over 120 candidates.
  • 30. Kesko Social Commitment
    • training and questionnaire on staff satisfaction
    • Social quality control of suppliers: Application of the social accountability SA 8000 (about 100 kesko suppliers participated on the SA 8000 training in 1999-2001)
    • Internal handbook on social quality control of suppliers.
    • To promote certification, Kesko has made an international co-operation agreement with bureau Veritas Quality International.