1. LearningDisabilities Signs and symptoms Other disorders that make learning difficult Hope for learning disabilities
2. Preschool signs and symptomsof learning disabilities Problems pronouncing words Trouble finding the right word Difficulty rhyming Trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes, days of the week Difficulty following directions or learning routines Difficulty controlling crayons, pencils, and scissors or coloring within the lines Trouble with buttons, zippers, snaps, learning to tie shoes
3. Grades K-4 signs and symptomsof learning disabilities Trouble learning the connection between letters and sounds Unable to blend sounds to make words Confuses basic words when reading Consistently misspells words and makes frequent reading errors Trouble learning basic math concepts Difficulty telling time and remembering sequences Slow to learn new skills
4. Grades 5-8 signs and symptoms of learning disabilities Difficulty with reading comprehension or math skills Trouble with open-ended test questions and word problems Dislikes reading and writing; avoids reading aloud Spells the same word differently in a single document Poor organizational skills (bedroom, homework, desk is messy and disorganized) Trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud Poor handwriting
5. Other disorders that makelearning difficult Anxiety Depression stressful events emotional trauma and other conditions affecting concentration make learning more of a challenge In addition, ADHD and autism sometimes co- occur or are confused with learning disabilities.
6. How does understanding thebrain help a learningdisorder? Science has made great strides in understanding the inner workings of the brain, and one important discovery that brings new hope for learning disabilities and disorders is called neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s natural, lifelong ability to change. Throughout life, the brain is able to form new connections and generate new brain cells in response to experience and learning.
7. "Disability is not a bravestruggle or ‘courage in theface of adversity.’ Disability isan art. It’s an ingenious wayto live." - Neil Marcus-