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Urban emergency preparedness

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    Urban emergency preparedness Urban emergency preparedness Presentation Transcript

    • Urban Emergency Preparedness
      Ashley Camper, Chakolca Rhodes, Aimee Vesitis
    • Risks to Urban Areas
      Natural disaster
      Terrorist Attack
      Determining an acceptable level of risk
      Magnification of urban environment
    • Fragmentation
      Jurisdictions
      Vertical
      Horizontal
      Overlapping missions/gaps
      Sectors
      Public
      Private
      Nonprofit
    • September 11th Response
      Creation of Department of Homeland Security
      Movement of FEMA to DHS
      Political Implications
    • Hurricane Katrina Response
      Community Block Grants
      National Response Plan
      National Incident Response System
      National Preparedness Goal
      After-action reports - FEMA
    • Development of Local Plan
      Specific to possible threats
      Can be generalized to all threats
      Role of City Emergency Manager
      Vertical Integration
      Horizontal Integration
      “Point Person”
    • Los Angeles
    • Los Angeles
      3,694,820 residents
      Multiple languages are spoken
    • Los Angeles Preparation
      The City has a very diverse population, therefore, communication is key
      Under their Emergency Management Department, preparation materials are available in different languages
    • Emergency Management Department
      Coordinates the emergency preparedness of all city departments.
      Coordinates the response and recovery efforts during major disasters
      Eliminates confusion among departments
    • Emergency Management Department
      Provides definitions and descriptions of natural disasters that occur in Los Angeles
      Provides information for citizen action in the event of a terrorist attack
      Offers tips on how citizens should react to disasters in different environments
      There are also annexes to the City of Los Angeles Emergency Operations Master Plan and Procedures that determine what city departments have responsibility in the event of a certain type of disaster.
    • Earthquake and Megacities Initiative
      Los Angeles is partnered with this international, non-profit, scientific organization.
      They partner with megacities to develop best practices for dealing with emergencies and disasters
      Has four components
      Knowledge and practice
      Training and institutional strengthening
      Disaster risk assessment
      Development of a city-wide disaster risk management master plan
    • Wildfires of October 2007
      A string of wildfires hit Southern California in October of 2007.
      Five counties, including Los Angeles County were affected
      Over 20,000 people from the area had to be evacuated
      EMD coordinated the efforts of firefighters, water dropping helicopters
      and rescue shelters, among
      others.
    • Wildfires of October 2007
      Intergovernmental assistance was provided
      Former President Bush declared the area a disaster
      FEMA paid 75 percent of the state’s eligible firefighting costs.
      During rebuilding, citizens were urged to use fire resistant materials.
    • Biloxi, Mississippi
    • Biloxi, Mississippi
      Population: 45,768
      White alone - 26,343 (67.8%)
      Black alone - 6,855 (17.6%)
      Hispanic - 2,298 (5.9%)
      Asian alone - 2,217 (5.7%)
      Two or more races - 758 (2.0%)
      American alone - 280 (0.7%)
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone - 92 (0.2%)
      Other race alone - 22 (0.06%)
    • Biloxi’s Preparation
      With the city being prone to hurricanes and a few other natural disaster; residents in Biloxi have to take all proper precautions.
      All of these efforts are directed at preparing local communities with effective planning tools utilizing an all hazards approach.
    • Emergency Management Agency
      The Mississippi Management Agency prepares, trains, and respond to all natural and man-made disasters that occur in the state.
    • Emergency Management Agency
      Provides training and courses for individuals and groups to attend to learn more about emergency preparedness.
      Offers several different prevention kits for all different kinds of disasters.
      Disaster Recovery: for those who lost their home or property in a storm assistance is provided. (if approved by FEMA)
    • Emergency Management Agency
      Disaster Response: divided into the Operations and Communications sections of MEMA, which jointly operate as the state's 24-hour warning point.
      The Operations Section is responsible for coordinating support for state and local response in an all hazards concept
      The Communications Section is the designated state warning point. Operating 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the Communications Section has the responsibility for alerting state and local officials to all natural or man-made incidents throughout the state.
    • Hurricane Katrina 2005
      Hurricane Katrina
      unleashed a fury of destruction
      on South Mississippi and the
      Gulf Coast.
      Hundreds of thousands of lives
      were thrown into disarray.
      Mississippi’s hurricane preparedness set the stage for the state’s post-Katrina recovery, saving lives and serving the immediate needs of those affected by the storm.
    • Hurricane Katrina 2005
      Governor commissioned a Recovery, Rebuilding, and Renewal program to help rebuilding after Katrina.
      Intergovernmental assistance was provided
      Nearly 520,000 Mississippi families registered for federal assistance with more than $1.3 billion given to those residents through the FEMA Individual Assistance program.
    • Hurricane Katrina 2005
      More Efforts in disaster response and hazard mitigation took on major initiatives.
      Increasing the capacity of state and local emergency agencies, promoting flood insurance coverage, and mandating stronger building codes and elevation requirements.
    • Best Practices
      Central point of information
      Decentralized decision making center
      Plan practiced frequently
      Personnel “borrowing”
      Formalized roles and responsibilities
    • Financial Context of Relief
      75% Federal
      18% State
      7% Local
      Depleted Tax Base
      Income
      Sales
    • Challenges in Completing the Report
      Finding direct information for responses to emergency situations by both Los Angeles and Biloxi was difficult.
      Determining what information to include regarding the Emergency Management process of both cities was also challenging.