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Urban emergency preparedness
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Urban emergency preparedness


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  • 1. Ashley Camper, Chakolca Rhodes, Aimee Vesitis
  • 2. Risks to Urban Areas  Natural disaster  Terrorist Attack  Determining an acceptable level of risk  Magnification of urban environment
  • 3. Fragmentation  Jurisdictions  Vertical  Horizontal  Overlapping missions/gaps  Sectors  Public  Private  Nonprofit
  • 4. September 11th Response  Creation of Department of Homeland Security  Movement of FEMA to DHS  Political Implications
  • 5. Hurricane Katrina Response  Community Block Grants  National Response Plan  National Incident Response System  National Preparedness Goal  After-action reports - FEMA
  • 6. Development of Local Plan  Specific to possible threats  Can be generalized to all threats  Role of City Emergency Manager  Vertical Integration  Horizontal Integration  “Point Person”
  • 7. Los Angeles
  • 8. Los Angeles  3,694,820 residents  Multiple languages are spoken Los Angeles Race Percentage of Population White 46% African American 11% Asian 9% American Indian & Alaska Native 0.7% Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander 0.1% Other Race 25%
  • 9. Los Angeles Preparation  The City has a very diverse population, therefore, communication is key  Under their Emergency Management Department, preparation materials are available in different languages
  • 10. Emergency Management Department  Coordinates the emergency preparedness of all city departments.  Coordinates the response and recovery efforts during major disasters  Eliminates confusion among departments
  • 11. Emergency Management Department  Provides definitions and descriptions of natural disasters that occur in Los Angeles  Provides information for citizen action in the event of a terrorist attack  Offers tips on how citizens should react to disasters in different environments  There are also annexes to the City of Los Angeles Emergency Operations Master Plan and Procedures that determine what city departments have responsibility in the event of a certain type of disaster.
  • 12. Earthquake and Megacities Initiative  Los Angeles is partnered with this international, non-profit, scientific organization.  They partner with megacities to develop best practices for dealing with emergencies and disasters  Has four components  Knowledge and practice  Training and institutional strengthening  Disaster risk assessment  Development of a city-wide disaster risk management master plan
  • 13. Wildfires of October 2007  A string of wildfires hit Southern California in October of 2007.  Five counties, including Los Angeles County were affected  Over 20,000 people from the area had to be evacuated  EMD coordinated the efforts of firefighters, water dropping helicopters and rescue shelters, among others.
  • 14. Wildfires of October 2007  Intergovernmental assistance was provided  Former President Bush declared the area a disaster  FEMA paid 75 percent of the state’s eligible firefighting costs.  During rebuilding, citizens were urged to use fire resistant materials.
  • 15. Biloxi, Mississippi
  • 16. Biloxi, Mississippi  Population: 45,768 White alone - 26,343 (67.8%) Black alone - 6,855 (17.6%) Hispanic - 2,298 (5.9%) Asian alone - 2,217 (5.7%) Two or more races - 758 (2.0%) American alone - 280 (0.7%) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone - 92 (0.2%) Other race alone - 22 (0.06%)
  • 17. Biloxi’s Preparation  With the city being prone to hurricanes and a few other natural disaster; residents in Biloxi have to take all proper precautions.  All of these efforts are directed at preparing local communities with effective planning tools utilizing an all hazards approach.
  • 18. Emergency Management Agency  The Mississippi Management Agency prepares, trains, and respond to all natural and man-made disasters that occur in the state.
  • 19. Emergency Management Agency  Provides training and courses for individuals and groups to attend to learn more about emergency preparedness.  Offers several different prevention kits for all different kinds of disasters.  Disaster Recovery: for those who lost their home or property in a storm assistance is provided. (if approved by FEMA)
  • 20. Emergency Management Agency  Disaster Response: divided into the Operations and Communications sections of MEMA, which jointly operate as the state's 24-hour warning point.  The Operations Section is responsible for coordinating support for state and local response in an all hazards concept  The Communications Section is the designated state warning point. Operating 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the Communications Section has the responsibility for alerting state and local officials to all natural or man-made incidents throughout the state.
  • 21. Hurricane Katrina 2005  Hurricane Katrina unleashed a fury of destruction on South Mississippi and the Gulf Coast.  Hundreds of thousands of lives were thrown into disarray.  Mississippi’s hurricane preparedness set the stage for the state’s post-Katrina recovery, saving lives and serving the immediate needs of those affected by the storm.
  • 22. Hurricane Katrina 2005  Governor commissioned a Recovery, Rebuilding, and Renewal program to help rebuilding after Katrina.  Intergovernmental assistance was provided  Nearly 520,000 Mississippi families registered for federal assistance with more than $1.3 billion given to those residents through the FEMA Individual Assistance program.
  • 23. Hurricane Katrina 2005 More Efforts in disaster response and hazard mitigation took on major initiatives.  Increasing the capacity of state and local emergency agencies, promoting flood insurance coverage, and mandating stronger building codes and elevation requirements.
  • 24. Best Practices  Central point of information  Decentralized decision making center  Plan practiced frequently  Personnel “borrowing”  Formalized roles and responsibilities
  • 25. Financial Context of Relief  75% Federal  18% State  7% Local  Depleted Tax Base  Income  Sales
  • 26. Challenges in Completing the Report  Finding direct information for responses to emergency situations by both Los Angeles and Biloxi was difficult.  Determining what information to include regarding the Emergency Management process of both cities was also challenging.