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Urban emergency preparedness

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Urban emergency preparedness Urban emergency preparedness Presentation Transcript

  • Urban Emergency Preparedness
    Ashley Camper, Chakolca Rhodes, Aimee Vesitis
  • Risks to Urban Areas
    Natural disaster
    Terrorist Attack
    Determining an acceptable level of risk
    Magnification of urban environment
  • Fragmentation
    Jurisdictions
    Vertical
    Horizontal
    Overlapping missions/gaps
    Sectors
    Public
    Private
    Nonprofit
  • September 11th Response
    Creation of Department of Homeland Security
    Movement of FEMA to DHS
    Political Implications
  • Hurricane Katrina Response
    Community Block Grants
    National Response Plan
    National Incident Response System
    National Preparedness Goal
    After-action reports - FEMA
  • Development of Local Plan
    Specific to possible threats
    Can be generalized to all threats
    Role of City Emergency Manager
    Vertical Integration
    Horizontal Integration
    “Point Person”
  • Los Angeles
  • Los Angeles
    3,694,820 residents
    Multiple languages are spoken
  • Los Angeles Preparation
    The City has a very diverse population, therefore, communication is key
    Under their Emergency Management Department, preparation materials are available in different languages
  • Emergency Management Department
    Coordinates the emergency preparedness of all city departments.
    Coordinates the response and recovery efforts during major disasters
    Eliminates confusion among departments
  • Emergency Management Department
    Provides definitions and descriptions of natural disasters that occur in Los Angeles
    Provides information for citizen action in the event of a terrorist attack
    Offers tips on how citizens should react to disasters in different environments
    There are also annexes to the City of Los Angeles Emergency Operations Master Plan and Procedures that determine what city departments have responsibility in the event of a certain type of disaster.
  • Earthquake and Megacities Initiative
    Los Angeles is partnered with this international, non-profit, scientific organization.
    They partner with megacities to develop best practices for dealing with emergencies and disasters
    Has four components
    Knowledge and practice
    Training and institutional strengthening
    Disaster risk assessment
    Development of a city-wide disaster risk management master plan
  • Wildfires of October 2007
    A string of wildfires hit Southern California in October of 2007.
    Five counties, including Los Angeles County were affected
    Over 20,000 people from the area had to be evacuated
    EMD coordinated the efforts of firefighters, water dropping helicopters
    and rescue shelters, among
    others.
  • Wildfires of October 2007
    Intergovernmental assistance was provided
    Former President Bush declared the area a disaster
    FEMA paid 75 percent of the state’s eligible firefighting costs.
    During rebuilding, citizens were urged to use fire resistant materials.
  • Biloxi, Mississippi
  • Biloxi, Mississippi
    Population: 45,768
    White alone - 26,343 (67.8%)
    Black alone - 6,855 (17.6%)
    Hispanic - 2,298 (5.9%)
    Asian alone - 2,217 (5.7%)
    Two or more races - 758 (2.0%)
    American alone - 280 (0.7%)
    Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone - 92 (0.2%)
    Other race alone - 22 (0.06%)
  • Biloxi’s Preparation
    With the city being prone to hurricanes and a few other natural disaster; residents in Biloxi have to take all proper precautions.
    All of these efforts are directed at preparing local communities with effective planning tools utilizing an all hazards approach.
  • Emergency Management Agency
    The Mississippi Management Agency prepares, trains, and respond to all natural and man-made disasters that occur in the state.
  • Emergency Management Agency
    Provides training and courses for individuals and groups to attend to learn more about emergency preparedness.
    Offers several different prevention kits for all different kinds of disasters.
    Disaster Recovery: for those who lost their home or property in a storm assistance is provided. (if approved by FEMA)
  • Emergency Management Agency
    Disaster Response: divided into the Operations and Communications sections of MEMA, which jointly operate as the state's 24-hour warning point.
    The Operations Section is responsible for coordinating support for state and local response in an all hazards concept
    The Communications Section is the designated state warning point. Operating 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the Communications Section has the responsibility for alerting state and local officials to all natural or man-made incidents throughout the state.
  • Hurricane Katrina 2005
    Hurricane Katrina
    unleashed a fury of destruction
    on South Mississippi and the
    Gulf Coast.
    Hundreds of thousands of lives
    were thrown into disarray.
    Mississippi’s hurricane preparedness set the stage for the state’s post-Katrina recovery, saving lives and serving the immediate needs of those affected by the storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina 2005
    Governor commissioned a Recovery, Rebuilding, and Renewal program to help rebuilding after Katrina.
    Intergovernmental assistance was provided
    Nearly 520,000 Mississippi families registered for federal assistance with more than $1.3 billion given to those residents through the FEMA Individual Assistance program.
  • Hurricane Katrina 2005
    More Efforts in disaster response and hazard mitigation took on major initiatives.
    Increasing the capacity of state and local emergency agencies, promoting flood insurance coverage, and mandating stronger building codes and elevation requirements.
  • Best Practices
    Central point of information
    Decentralized decision making center
    Plan practiced frequently
    Personnel “borrowing”
    Formalized roles and responsibilities
  • Financial Context of Relief
    75% Federal
    18% State
    7% Local
    Depleted Tax Base
    Income
    Sales
  • Challenges in Completing the Report
    Finding direct information for responses to emergency situations by both Los Angeles and Biloxi was difficult.
    Determining what information to include regarding the Emergency Management process of both cities was also challenging.