Παρουσίαση για την κατάσταση του θαλάσσιου και παράκτιου περιβάλλοντος στη Μεσόγειο
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Παρουσίαση για την κατάσταση του θαλάσσιου και παράκτιου περιβάλλοντος στη Μεσόγειο

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Παρουσίαση για την κατάσταση του θαλάσσιου και παράκτιου περιβάλλοντος στη Μεσόγειο Presentation Transcript

  • 1. State of theMediterraneanMarine and Coastal EnvironmentMaria Luisa Silva MejiasExecutive Secretary & CoordinatorUNEP/MAP Barcelona ConventionAthens, 5 June 2013United Nations Environment ProgrammeMediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP)1
  • 2. 2
  • 3. The MediterraneanMare Nostrum3
  • 4. The MediterraneanA large and complex marine and coastal ecosystem…4
  • 5. The MediterraneanEnvironment and Sustainable Development are intrinsically connected.5
  • 6. The MediterraneanMediterranean Action Plan/Barcelona Convention is a governance framework.6
  • 7. The State of the Environment Reports7
  • 8. The Physical MediterraneanGeography, landscapes, hydrology, climate, water circulation patterns andchemical characteristics condition the State of its Environment.8
  • 9. The Physical MediterraneanRivers play a key role in terms of sustaining marine production, waterbalance, sea water quality and salinity.9
  • 10. The Human MediterraneanPopulation dynamics and economic pressures have a major incidence on theStatus of our Sea10
  • 11. The Human MediterraneanUrban development in the Mediterranean has been rapidly increasing.11
  • 12. Tourism in the MediterraneanThe Mediterranean is the largest global tourism destination, attracting almost athird of the world’s international tourists.12
  • 13. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanMaintaining or enhancing Biodiversity13
  • 14. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanInvasive non-indigenous species14
  • 15. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanCommercially exploited Fish and Shellfish15
  • 16. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanCommercially exploited Fish and Shellfish16
  • 17. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterranean17
  • 18. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanMarine Food Webs18
  • 19. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanEutrophication19
  • 20. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanSea-floor integrity20
  • 21. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanChanges in hydrographic conditions21
  • 22. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanCoastal development and sprawl22
  • 23. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanChemical contamination23
  • 24. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanChemical contamination24
  • 25. The 11 Ecological Objectives for theMediterraneanMarine Litter and Marine Noise25
  • 26. Concluding remarksNone of these 11 factors exist in isolation.26
  • 27. Concluding remarksThe remaining knowledge gapsare significant.27
  • 28. Concluding remarksGovernance counts….28
  • 29. 5 areas of achievements under theMediterranean Action Plan framework1. Continued ownership and participation of all its members.2. Adoption an advanced environmental legal system with seven Protocols in forcewhich operationalize the Convention with regard to:a) Pollution, which was the Convention’s original focus, with 5Protocols regulating: Dumping; Poll Prevention and Emergency; LBS;Hazardous Wastes; and, Off-Shore;b) Biodiversity (Species and Protected Areas including ABNJ); and,c) Integrated Coastal Zone Management.29
  • 30. 5 areas of achievements under theMediterranean Action Plan framework3. Development of common regional policies, strategies, plans of action and otherimplementation measures as well as establishing a network of Centers andProgrammes that foster regional cooperation and provide technical assistance;4. Establishment of a regional system for monitoring marine pollution including asolid network of pollution monitoring institutions; and,5. The recent adoption of an integrated framework for Ecosystems Basedmanagement in the Mediterranean.30
  • 31. 3111 Ecological Objectives of Ecosystem Approach1. Biological diversity ismaintained or enhanced2. Non-indigenous speciesintroduced by human activitiesare at levels that do notadversely affect the ecosystem3. Population of selectedcommercially exploited fishand shellfish are withinbiologically safe limits4. Alterations to the componentsof marine food webs do nothave a long-term adverseeffects5. Human-inducedeutrophication is prevented6. Sea-floor integrity is maintained,especially in priority benthic habitats7. Alteration of hydrographic conditionsdoes not affect coastal and marineecosystems8. The natural dynamics of coastal areas aremaintained and coastal ecosystems andlandscapes are preserved9. Contaminants cause no significantimpact on coastal and marine ecosystemsand human health10. Marine and coastal litter do notadversely affect coastal and marineenvironment11. Noise form human activities cause nosignificant impact on marine and coastalecosystems
  • 32. United Nations Environment ProgrammeMediterranean Action PlanBarcelona Conventionwww.unepmap.org32