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Puplic adm. maged botros 1st lecture

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Puplic adm. maged botros 1st lecture

Puplic adm. maged botros 1st lecture

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  • 1. Public AdministrationDr. Maged Botros2/22/20121st LectureWritten By : Hos Sam , Gamal Muhamed
  • 2. Public Administration FCES Why Should the Govt intervene( )?Economic Objectives Social Objectives How Should the Gov’t intervene? Economic Policy Regulating BusinessesGov’t Expenditure Interest Rate Consumer’s Merger’s & Legislation &Competition Gov’t Revenue EmploymentLegislations Helping BusinessesHelping Helping Small BusinessExperters Helping to locate 2
  • 3. Public Administration FCESHere is 20 Questions including Chapter 1 :1.Why should the gov’t intervene in businessesactivities? To achieve economic objectives such as : reducing budget deficit and achieve social objectives such as: reducing the gap between the rich and the poor.2.How should the gov’t intervene in businessesactivities? By three proud tools 1.Economic policy :Gov’t expenditure , gov’t revenue , gov’t interest rate . 2.Helping Business: Helping experters , helping to locate , helping small business. 3.Regulating Businesses :Consumer’s Legislations , Employment legislations , mergers and competition . 3
  • 4. Public Administration FCES3.why should the gov’t use expenditure as aneconomic policy? To control the level of economic activities. . .4.How should the gov’t use expenditure as aneconomic policy? If the economic activities is slow the gov’t will spend more on structure including basic roots – pure water-electricity, on the other hand if there is inflation , the gov’t expenditure will be much less. -– . 4
  • 5. Public Administration FCES5.Why should the gov’t use its revenue in economicpolicy? To control the business activities by encouraging favorable activities such as : bakery , and discouraging unfavorable activities such as : cigarettes6.How should the gov’t use its revenue in economicpolicy? The gov’t will impose more taxes on unfavorable activities such as: cigarettes or smoking , on the other hand the gov’t will exempt or receive less taxes on favorable activites such as necessary commodities. 5
  • 6. Public Administration FCES7.Why should the gov’t use the interest rate ondeposits in economic policy? The interest rate will control the level of investment in the society . .8.How should the gov’t use the interest rate ondeposits in economic policy? If the gov’t wants to encourage more investments , it will set lower interest rate on deposits (This will make depositors withdraw their cash from banks and invest it in businesses) and vice versa. . 6
  • 7. Public Administration FCES9.Why should the gov’t help exporters? 1. More hard currency will flow into Egypt. 2. The balance of payment will realize (achieve) surplus. 3. The gross national product will increase. 4. More employment opportunity. . . . .10. How should the gov’t help exporters? 1. Provide export grants. 2. Reduce export duties. 3. Establish export development authority. 4. Simplify producer. . . . . 7
  • 8. Public Administration FCES11. Why should the gov’t intervene to thebusinesses? 1. Pull out businesses from over populated and over polluted areas. 2. Develop underdeveloped areas. 3. Provide more employment opportunities in poor areas. . . .12. How should the gov’t intervene to the business? 1. The gov’t will provide the land and public utilities in the lower prices. 2. Provide regional grants. 3. The formation procedures are simple. 4. Tax exemption for number of years. . . . . 8
  • 9. Public Administration FCES13. Why should the gov’t help small businesses? 1. More hard currency will flow into Egypt. 2. The balance of payment will realize (achieve) surplus. 3. The gross national product will increase. 4. More employment opportunity.( The same answer of Question 9 ) . . . .14.How should the gov’t help small businesses? 1. The gov’t will provide loans at a lower interest rate. 2. Provide technical assistants. 3. Simple formation procedure. 4. Tax exemption. . . . . 9
  • 10. Public Administration FCES15. Why should the gov’t issue (in act) consumer’slegislation? To protect consumers from unfair practices & fraud by some producers.16.How should the gov’t in act consumer’slegislation? By issuing legislations such as weights and measuring consumer’s safety act and credit act.17. Why should the gov’t in act employmentlegislation? To protect the employees from employers. 10
  • 11. Public Administration FCES18. How should the gov’t in act employmentlegislations? The gov’t issues legislations such as minimum and maximum wages , and employees safety.19.Why should the gov’t mergers & competition ? To encourage competition and fight monopoly , competition will result such as lower prices , higher quality , more business opportunity and employment opportunities.20. How should the gov’t merger and competition? If the business that have a merger share they will control the market and leads to a monopoly , the gov’t will not approve the merger. 11