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VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions
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VRI Solutions Pvt. Ltd - Information technology solutions

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VRI Solutions Private Limited - Information technology solutions.

Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process.

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  • 1. Special thanks to Mr. Rajiv Nekkanti and Mr. Wade Chatam for assiting in prepari Daniela Marghitu Computer Science and Software Engineering Auburn University, Auburn AL 36849 daniela@eng.auburn.edu Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course PHITS 2004
  • 2. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ContentContent Introduction Training, Testing and Assessment IT Academic Solutions – Past – Present – Future Integrating Training, Testing and Assessment IT Academic Solutions into your course syllabus Integrating Training, Testing and Assessment IT Academic Applications with University Software Administrative Systems
  • 3. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Introduction The Information Technology (IT) solutions for training, assessment, testing, Web-based Course Management and Web-based Integrated Learning Environments are becoming more and more part of the Computer Information Technology (CIT) academic programs. There are a lot of pros and cons about when and how to use these applications in an academic environment. The technological and pedagogical value in many of the IT solutions for CIT programs have increased considerably in the past three years.
  • 4. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course It is also true that many times IT solutions are coming fully correlated with very good academic text books and offer solutions of integration with Universities and Colleges Software Administrative Systems and Databases. Can IT solutions, even by far, eliminate the human instructors or should they just be considered as extremely helpful tools in a more and more self paced learning process allowing the human instructor to better use their knowledge and experience? Can IT solutions be fully integrated with Universities and Colleges Software Administrative Systems and Databases?
  • 5. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course In this session, based on our experience in developing, beta testing, and integrating IT solutions into CIT programs, we will try to find some answers for these questions.
  • 6. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Training, Testing and Assessment Academic IT Solutions: Past, Present and Future ■ The Past – The approaches were rather technology-driven using simple technology and were often inconsistent, planned or by accident. – The applications did not provide much interaction, and feedback was lacking to help students judge the effectiveness of their learning. – Often, the training systems were simply presenting a computerized version of a textbook, which often is much less useful than the actual book.
  • 7. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course – The early Training and Assessment IT solutions were also lacking tools for managing the classroom. – They weren’t portable but tied to a specific platform or network. – No crash recovery option was implemented – Single user floppy disks and later on CD-ROMs were the state of the art.
  • 8. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ The Present – Tools have been improving pedagogically quite a bit. – They are interactive and help students judge their own progress and how effective their learning is. – The current systems excel at helping manage the classroom in various ways:  the systems record the dates when the tutorials or tests were taken  automatically grade tests and record the results helping the instructors to “peek over the students’ shoulder” in order to see if they are doing the work, and if they are on track, e.g., by checking how much time the students spend on taking a tutorial and how good their test results, eliminate also the large amount of time spent in past by instructors on grading tests. – The reports for the training sessions are still not as detailed as instructors need them.
  • 9. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course – Almost all systems are networked or web-based and have many integrated functions. – Integrated learning environments have had quite an impressive recent evolution:  fully integrated web based or networked training and assessment application: using pre-assessment, training and assessment toward a minimally and linear adaptive learning path, they don’t allow for much exploration, i.e., they are quite linear forcing the students to go along one of the few predetermined paths.  web based or networked training and assessment application fully integrated with texts or e-texts content – Not all applications allow restricted access to tests, based on the IP address of a lab. – The test crash recovery features have been implemented but there is still room for improvement.
  • 10. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course – The procedures for setup and the maintenance are quite complicated. So it might be difficult to find the faculty and staff to run such a system in a non-technical department (in many states and Universities using a training and assessment application from a vendor server is not allowed, concerns regarding security in handling students’ personal information).
  • 11. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ The Future – What would we like to see in the future based on our experience with these tools in the classroom and based on studying some related issues from a more research point of view? – We would like to see more adaptive tutorials based on preassessment and other feedback from the student with the goal of keeping the student in the zone of proximal development. – This would result in more individualized courses, more effective learning, and allow more self-directed path through the learning material. – If the student is kept in the zone of proximal development, it will also result in a more interesting, challenging and less frustrating learning experience for the student.
  • 12. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course – More pedagogical detailed reports for students’ training – Support for content authoring.  This should allow, eventually using Template_Based Authoring Systems, easier modifications and reuse of course material and also have the option to embed teaching and learning strategies within the program.  In this way educators will be able to customized Training and Assessment IT solutions applications based on their courses’ needs, goals, technical and pedagogical characteristics. – Increased security  Restricted access to tests based on IP address of computers/local networks.
  • 13. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course – Intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) seem to be no longer “untouchables”.  It has long been the objective of many Training and Assessment IT solutions developers to combine system's self-paced interactive learning and assessment environment with "intelligence" that tailors training learner's needs and allows voice-based interaction. And with significant recent advances in the areas of artificial intelligence (AI) and voice recognition technology, the goal of intelligent tutoring systems, as it is known in research circles, is fast materializing. – An increased implementation of the government’s Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) standards for accessibility.
  • 14. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Criteria in evaluating and selecting an IT Training and Assessment application Real Application versus Simulated Environment IT Solutions More and more IT Solutions are working in a simulated environment. Some of the advantages of working in a simulated environment are: – easier installation and setting – can be run without the presence of the real application  higher speed  lower price of using it
  • 15. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Local, Network or Web-Based IT Solutions? With the improved speed for internet connection and faster computers, web-based IT applications may seem to be the best solution because they allow students to access the same resources and learning anywhere and any time they want. Besides, textbooks in electronic form and software bundles integrated as part of the web can be made available to the students on the web. This would eliminate the problems raised by some of the “what-if” questions such as what if a student wants to do extra work at home but does not have a computer to install the software bundles, or what if a student could not afford to buy sometimes quite expensive textbooks and/or software bundles for the class.
  • 16. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Web-based IT applications are also “the solution” for the distance learning. However, security it’s becoming an issue especially when handling confidential information (SSN, grades …). Single user CD based release, especially for the training applications, is still very useful for students that do not have Internet access at home.
  • 17. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Integrated Learning Environment, the ultimate Solution? There are instructors that are very much against the use of IT solutions considering that this type of application can alter the pedagogical aspect of the educational process. A well proportioned use in class of IT training and assessment solutions proved already to be extremely beneficiary allowing human instructors to use their knowledge and experience when it is really needed and irreplaceable.
  • 18. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Integrated Web-based Learning Environment incorporates almost all old-fashion teaching methods, such as paper textbooks, paper syllabus, paper test, etc., into the computer system as electronic form. Same situation with the class syllabus and class learning schedule which students would forget to bring them or lose them somewhere, sometime during the academic term. – This also applies to the exam situation when students knew but forgot to bring scantrons and a pencil on the exam day. Students could just take the exam on-line when they go to class and they could even know their grades right after they take them.
  • 19. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course In other words, integrated Web-based Learning Environment could eliminate some of the tedious things students do and let instructors have better use of their knowledge and experience. Support for content authoring that should allow, eventually using Template_Based Authoring Systems, easier modifications and reuse of course material and also have the option to embed teaching and learning strategies within the program is still lagging. – In this way educators will be able to customize Training and Assessment IT solutions applications based on their courses’ needs, goals, technical and pedagogical characteristics.
  • 20. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Privacy and Security Issues There are always big issues about privacy and security when it comes to the network and internet systems because of shared resources by the general public or by students in an educational setting. – Hackers and computers virus-writers are all around, waiting for their opportunities to mess up the system. There is always so much we could do about the security to protect the privacy of students. – Schools should always keep updated back-up copies on their database systems – Many schools also do not accept using Web-based Training and/or Assessment tools from other companies’ dedicated servers for the same privacy and security issue.
  • 21. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Training, Technical Support and Maintenance for the IT Applications Training – The IT academic applications become more and more sophisticated. Training for the instructors and the university technical support team becomes mandatory. Training is many time organized on university campus (specially for large universities) or at IT seminars organized and sponsored by publishing companies. Technical Support and Maintenance – Publishing companies need to provide technical support for all IT academic applications (for installing the applications and for all further maintenance and setting needs). This type of service are in the long run beneficial for all students, universities and publishing companies.
  • 22. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Integrating Training, Testing and Assessment IT Academic Solutions into your course syllabus ■ Developing the course Web site: – Syllabus is not just a paper handout but is also available on the course web site.  Updates to the syllabus, including lab assignments and assignment due dates, practice tests, lecture schedule and notes and practice materials are available on the web site, making the latest class information available to the students instantly  Wait List for students’ registration – Resources for instructors are also made available
  • 23. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 Web Site Homepage
  • 24. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 Make up list Instructors’ Interface
  • 25. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 Registration Wait list Students’ Interface
  • 26. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ Integrating WebCT – The managed WebCT server, integrated with the University administrative server, is used for uploading the lab assignments  Cuts down on the amount of e-mail and potential argues between instructor and students: “I know I turned in the assignment, you must have lost it” “I emailed you the assignment, you must not have gotten it.”  Cuts down on the use of lab resources : printers, paper  Make easier the process of tracking students’ uploading of assignments  It’s safe and reliable
  • 27. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 WebCT Student Interface
  • 28. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 WebCT Lab Assignments Page
  • 29. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 WebCT Student Submit Assignment Interface
  • 30. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ Integrating Train and Assess IT – The Train and Assess IT is installed on our course dedicated server – The Training modules are available to students at all time from the server as well as from the CD that comes with the custom textbook – Skill Assessment quizzes are administered for each Microsoft Office application  Prescriptive modules are designed for each quiz so student can receive feedback containing the training modules they still need to work on ᅳ We have seen a constant up-trend in the time spent by students in training as well as in the average grades for the skill assessment quizzes
  • 31. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 Train & Assess IT Administrator Interface
  • 32. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1000 Train and Assess IT student account
  • 33. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course A COMP1000 prescriptive module
  • 34. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Integrating IT Testing and Assessment Applications with University Software Administrative Systems Universities require computer literacy introductory courses for the majority of their academic programs. One of the major problems encountered in designing the syllabus of these courses is generated by the wide variety of freshman students’ computer background: some of them have good computer classes in high school so they are ready for more advanced IT courses while some others have a very poor computer background.
  • 35. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course One way many universities address this problem is by offering Competency exams for these required computer literacy courses. – Upon passing a Competency Exam students can register for more advanced IT courses that have as prerequisites the required computer literacy introductory courses. – Some academic programs also require students to pass a more sophisticated IT exam before graduation. IT Testing, Training and Assessment applications are very good tools for this type of exams. However, in order to adapt them to university policies and integrate them with University Software Administrative System front end and post end interfaces may be required.
  • 36. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The front end interface is required for registration and downloading the registration information to the IT application database. The post end interface is required to upload the results from the IT application database into a university database as well as to give access for AU faculty and staff. Depending on the hardware and software configuration of the IT application as well as university software and hardware resources, policies and requirements, designing and implementing this type of interfaces can be more or less challenging.
  • 37. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ COMP1@@0, Computer Competency Test – Was developed using the Auburn University WebCT managed server that is fully integrated with the University administrative software system, Oasis. – Auburn University administrative software system, Oasis, is based on the SIS Plus software, designed and implemented by SCT Inc. – If in the future we will need to use the Train and Assess IT, we have implemented a script that will convert the registration information downloaded from Oasis (as text coma separated file) to the format require by the Train and Assess IT “Import Students” feature (still a text coma separated file). – For administrative purposes, we have also developed a COMP1@@0 Portal. – Following University policy, the Comp1@@0 system was created with security and student privacy at the forefront of the system design.
  • 38. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The COMP1@@0 WebCT Interface
  • 39. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course ■ COMP1@@0 database Portal – Was designed and implemented to house all of the student test results in a single dedicated table, allowing for easy access and manipulation of these results by only the designated Comp1@@0 administrators. – PHP and MySQL were used to develop it. – Allows its users to download student results into text files, query the database, backup the database, and modify the user accounts. – The entire portal is password-protected, and its content is dynamically generated based on user login for additional security.
  • 40. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Primary Database Secondary Database Upload Interface. Download Interface. Backup / Restore Interface File from AUStudy Delimited File Main Page Database Portal (index.htm) Query Interface The Data and Control Flow of the Comp1@@0 Database Portal
  • 41. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Main Menu for Master Accounts
  • 42. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Main Menu for Non- Master Accounts
  • 43. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The Upload Interface
  • 44. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course The Query Interface
  • 45. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Administration Accounts Interface
  • 46. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course Questions
  • 47. Information Technology Solutions to Improve the Teaching, Learning and Coordinating Process in a Computer Fluency Course

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