Philippine Initiatives on the Applications of Space Technology on Hazard Mitigation Disaster Management

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Jose Edgardo L. Aban, Ph.D. …

Jose Edgardo L. Aban, Ph.D.
Technical Secretariat
a presentation given by Science and Technology Coordinating Council-Committee on Space Technology Applications (STCC-COSTA) during UN-SPIDER workshop in China, 5-7 December, 2007

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  • 1. Philippine Initiatives on the Applications of Space Technology on Hazard MitigationDisaster Management andJose Edgardo L. Aban, Ph.D.Technical SecretariatScience and Technology Coordinating Council-Committee on SpaceTechnology Applications (STCC-COSTA)
  • 2.  located along the typhoon belt in the located along the Pacific Ring of Fire,Pacific making it vulnerable totyphoons and tsunami between two Tectonic plates (Eurasian Average of 20 typhoons yearly and Pacific) which are volcanic and (7 are destructive) earthquake generators. 2nd NC-STAR 28 22 active volcanoes (5 most active) November 2007, Pan Pacific Hotel Malate, Manila
  • 3. HAZARD MAPPING PROJECT: • started in June 2006, this 4- year project targets 27 provinces vulnerable to landslides, floods, earthquake-related hazards and storm surge • funded by Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID) • being implemented by the UN Development Programme (UNDP)
  • 4. HIGHLIGHTS OF 1ST NC-STAR• Participants discussed policy matters in relation to effective collaboration and cooperation on space technology (ST) development and applications, with particular attention to their effects on such technology applications as satellite remote sensing, satellite meteorology, communications satellites, satellite-based positioning systems, and related GIS• Venue for issues and problems to assess the needs of the space technology applications (STA) and research sector in the Philippines, and to resolve such issues and problems through the formulation of a cohesive national program on ST R&D• Programs and projects as well as the policies that were developed through NC-STAR are in support of and complementary with the precepts of the National Science and Technology Plan (NSTP) December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 5. HIGHLIGHTS OF 1ST NC-STAR• Supported the establishment and strengthening of regional cooperative mechanisms and modalities on STA beneficial to the nation• Provided for effective dissemination of info on important national and international developments in STA, with particular emphasis on the implementation of Agenda 21 for environmentally sound and sustainable development in Asia and Pacific• Provided possible funding mechanisms for STA projects and appropriate steps in mobilizing policy-level financial and technical support from participating members, donors and financial institutions for the effective implementation of the program identified during NC-STAR December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 6. HIGHLIGHTS OF 1ST NC-STAR• Provided a venue for involvement of (NGOs), academe, research institutions and the industrial and private sectors in promoting STA and research for sustainable development of the nation• Participants forged institutional and organizational linkages among local and foreign space organizations and implemented collaborative projects to exchange and maximize expertise, technology and resource sharing, through a coordinated and harmonized approach• Endorsed the formation of working groups on various space application themes, reviewed the reports and recommendations of the working groups, and provided policy guidelines for their implementation. December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 7. KEY ACCOMLISHMENTS OF 1ST NC-STAR• Monumental Inventory of STA equipment, manpower and data of national line agencies and related institutes using and applying ST• Provided the framework on various strategies and plans of action for STA sector were developed based on – consultations with duly constituted members of the technical working committee NC-STAR• Three (3) Pre-Congress Workshops through SWOT analyses assessed the overall national capability and readiness of the different government agencies involved in the use, development and application of STA, particularly remote sensing and GIS – Humanware – Technoware – Infoware – Orgaware December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 8. PLANS OF ACTION• NC-STAR Framework has 4 plans of action, on which strategies are anchored on to support these plans: – Plan of Action I: Development of expert manpower needs, curriculum and educational materials at all levels; – Plan of Action II: Rehabilitation and improvement of Earth observation and monitoring systems; – Plan of Action III: Networking among academic institutions and concerned agencies for data access, archiving and analysis; – Plan of Action IV: Intensification of preparation and dissemination of information understandable by the general public. December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 9. WHAT HAVE WE DONE SO FAR?• DOST has operationalized the following projects to effectively manage disaster events and mitigate hazards, using STA: – Refurbishment of EO facilities particularly with upgrade of NOOA receiving facility in the middle of 2006. PAGASA receives twice daily real-time images from the NOAA satellite – Establishment of MTSAT receiving facility at the PAGASA for real- time regional satellite image of cloud distribution – refurbishment and upgrade of Doppler Radar facilities in key PAGASA installations particularly in the western banks of RP• In January 2007, PCASTRD through the Science and Technology Coordinating Council inked a memorandum of understanding with the Kyushu University - Space Environment Research Center (SERC) on sunrise science of Seismo-electromagnetics – Collaborative researches and exchange of human resources and information are hoped to be tapped under this MOU December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 10. MT-SATNOAA-AVHRR
  • 11. WHAT HAVE WE DONE SO FAR?• Initial talks with United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the APEC-Technology Foresight Center on the Use of Space Technologies to Combat Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs)• On-going project on Establishment of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) by NAMRIA and ASTI (dubbed as FedGIS) through a DOST-GIA funded project.• In the works JAXA-related initiatives and collaborations such as the following: – Wideband Internetworking Engineering and Test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS) – through STCC-COSTA ASTI, NAMRIA and OCD-NDCC – Sentinel Asia Project – through STCC-COSTA, ASTI, NAMRIA and OCD-NDCC – Hosted the Fourth Joint Project Team Meeting (JPTM4) in Manila last 5-7 September 2007 December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 12. The 4th Sentinel Asia Joint Project Team Meeting (JPTM) Dusit Hotel Nikko, Manila, Republic of the Philippines 5-7 September 200784 participants45 organizations17 countries 06 international organizationsNew Philippine Joint Team Members:1.Bureau of Soil & Water Management (BSWM)2.Mines and Geo-Sciences Bureau (MGB)3.Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical & Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA)4.Philippine Council for Advanced Science and Technology Research and Development5. (PCASTRD)6.Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
  • 13. WHAT HAVE WE DONE SO FAR?• We have also initiated activities focused on the development of capability in space education and international collaboration, to wit:• Creation of National Advisory Committee on Space Education in the Philippines (NACSEP) under the aegis of the Science Education Institute-Department of Science and Technology (SEI- DOST) – Long-term and short-term programs geared towards beefing up space science and technology education are in the works.• Yearly celebrations of the Word Space Week-WSW (October 4- 10), STCC-COSTA and SEI collaborate to launch space awareness programs for the youth and the general public. December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 14. WHAT HAVE WE DONE SO FAR?• International Coordinative work with – UNESCAP – UNOOSA – Asia-Pacific Multilateral Cooperation on Space Technology Applications (APMCSTA); participated in talks on the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) – Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 15. IN THE HORIZON• Increasing demand for EO satellite data due to perennial natural and man-made environmental disasters striking• National disaster coordinating and relief agencies are often in deadlock in times of such crises• Realization of the need for acquiring an EO satellite• STCC-COSTA is taking lead in pushing for dev’t of small satellite as one of the key elements identified in ST roadmap of 1 st NC- STAR December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 16. IN THE HORIZON• Technical Secretariat of the STCC-COSTA has initially embarked on the project entitled, “Conduct of the Pre-Feasibility/Feasibility Study for the Local Development of Small Satellites”• Salient initial information and recommendations on the initiative will be contained in the full document which should be released early 2008 December 3-5, 2007, UN-SPIDER Workshop, Shenzen, China
  • 17. Thank you for your attention