Legends and realities ininternational humanitarian         assistance       Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
Information sources about             disasters• Media reports and pictures within a few  hours• Therafter, aid agencies s...
Disaster-criteria   Aid-agencies                  Media• Number and needs of     • Death-rate  victims to avoid        • S...
Reports about international             disasters      Media                 Aid-agencies• Spectacular           • Spectac...
Aid-agencies legend of relief-              workers brave strong decided Sacrifices himself Is full of energy    Is ...
Reliefe-workers arecondemned to be heroes by both the media and    the aid-agencies      Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV -...
Good intentions aremore important than   competences     Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
Headlines„… dead bodies are a     „… epidemics…““threat of victims are desperately waiting for    „… help….“ is         ea...
Legend Disasters are     blackHeroes are white     Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
consequences• Disasters are „made“ by the media• There is only one disaster at a time• Funding of relief-operations depend...
Media-disaster Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
Media-disaster Spectacular relief-operations are more  important than    useful ones      Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV ...
Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
„… in other relief- operations, we alwaysran out of money. After  the Tsunami, we ran    out of victims….“             Aid...
Comparison                            Earthquake    Tsunami                  KashmirDeath-rate:            Death-rate:< 20...
Comparison                               Earthquake    Tsunami                     KashmirDonations after 4 weeks:   Donat...
Legend 1• „…. Victims are  shocked and paralysed  and desperately waiting  for help….“        Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - I...
Realities 1• Humanitarian assistance is started  immediately after a disaster by the  survivors• 98% of lifesavings are ha...
Example Bam/Iran• 8 iranian sniff-dogs rescued more than 100  buried earthquake victims in the first 48  hours• From day 3...
Example Bam/IranZero!!!!  Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
Something to remember• „… Humanitarian assistance  is what you are doing with  us, when we are in such a  horrible situati...
Legends and realities in international humanitarian assistance
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Legends and realities in international humanitarian assistance

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Presentation given by Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Universität Bochum during UN-SPIDER Workshop, UN Campus Bonn, Germany
30 October 2007

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Legends and realities in international humanitarian assistance

  1. 1. Legends and realities ininternational humanitarian assistance Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  2. 2. Information sources about disasters• Media reports and pictures within a few hours• Therafter, aid agencies start fundraising based on these media-reports Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  3. 3. Disaster-criteria Aid-agencies Media• Number and needs of • Death-rate victims to avoid • Spectacular pictures unnecessary death and suffering Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  4. 4. Reports about international disasters Media Aid-agencies• Spectacular • Spectacular• Exaggerated • Heroic • Advertising• Not representative headlines Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  5. 5. Aid-agencies legend of relief- workers brave strong decided Sacrifices himself Is full of energy Is a surgeon Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  6. 6. Reliefe-workers arecondemned to be heroes by both the media and the aid-agencies Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  7. 7. Good intentions aremore important than competences Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  8. 8. Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  9. 9. Headlines„… dead bodies are a „… epidemics…““threat of victims are desperately waiting for „… help….“ is each hand needed…“ Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  10. 10. Legend Disasters are blackHeroes are white Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  11. 11. consequences• Disasters are „made“ by the media• There is only one disaster at a time• Funding of relief-operations depends on media-attention• Relief-operations are media-driven• Unspectacular disasters are forgotten and underfunded Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  12. 12. Media-disaster Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  13. 13. Media-disaster Spectacular relief-operations are more important than useful ones Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  14. 14. Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  15. 15. „… in other relief- operations, we alwaysran out of money. After the Tsunami, we ran out of victims….“ Aid-worker; Sumatra; march 2005 Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  16. 16. Comparison Earthquake Tsunami KashmirDeath-rate: Death-rate:< 200.000 86.000Injured: Injured:Ca. 60.000 Ca. 80.000homeless: homeless:1.500.000 3.500.000 Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  17. 17. Comparison Earthquake Tsunami KashmirDonations after 4 weeks: Donations after 4 weeks:~ 10.000.000.000. USD ~ 400.000.000 USDper beneficiary: per beneficiary:~ 6500 USD ~ 110 USD Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  18. 18. Legend 1• „…. Victims are shocked and paralysed and desperately waiting for help….“ Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  19. 19. Realities 1• Humanitarian assistance is started immediately after a disaster by the survivors• 98% of lifesavings are happening in the first 48 hours after an earthquake• External surgical teams will need at least 5 days before being operative in the field Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  20. 20. Example Bam/Iran• 8 iranian sniff-dogs rescued more than 100 buried earthquake victims in the first 48 hours• From day 3 after the disaster, more than 1500 sniff-dogs arrived from all over the world• Number if victims rescued by all these external teams in total: Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  21. 21. Example Bam/IranZero!!!! Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un
  22. 22. Something to remember• „… Humanitarian assistance is what you are doing with us, when we are in such a horrible situation, that we can not afford to refuse it…“ Rwandese refugee in Benaco-Camp/Tanzania; Mai 1994 Dr. med. Richard Munz MA - IFHV - Ruhr Un

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