SPACE-BASED INFORMATION FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION IN INPE-BRASIL
SPACE-BASED INFORMATION FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION IN INPE-BRASIL NUCLEUS OF RESEARCH AND APPLICATION OFGEOTECNOLOGIES IN NATURAL DISASTERS AND EXTREME EVENTS GEODESASTRES-SUL Tania Maria Sausen GEODESASTRES-SUL / INPE-CRS email@example.com
National Institute for Space Research-INPE Southern Regional Center for Space Research-CRS Geodesastres-sulMisssion This Nucleus has as mission to develop research, methodologies and applications projects using geotechnologies (space-based information and GIS) to give support to the natural disasters and extreme events prevention, aiming to the mitigation of these phenomena and their consequences in the Southern region of Brasil and MERCOSUL.Goals• The develop and mantain a data base about natural disasters to support researchand application projects ;• To map natural hazards and identify risk areas using space-based information;• To develop new methodologies for prevention and monitoring of natural disastersby space-based information;• To create and implement educational and capacity building activities forprofessional, undergraduate and gradute students and schools teachers, additionalyto develop outreach activities;• to look for partnership with national and international institutions that work withnatural disasters and geotechnology information•To disseminate the use of geotechnologies for natural disasters and extreme eventsin the Brazilian Southern region and MERCOSUL.
National Institute for Space Research-INPE Southern Regional Center for Space Research-CRSFacilitiesINPE-CRS/Santa Maria, RS GEODESASTRES-SUL facilities
National Institute for Space Research-INPE Southern Regional Center for Space Research-CRSFacilities
Why to establish the GEODESASTRES-SUL in the Southern region of Brasil? Natural Disasters in the World (1900-2006)Distribution of natural disasters around the world, by continents in the period of 1900- 2006. Legend: IN – Flood, ES – Landslide, TE – Storm, SE – Drought, TX – Extreme temperature, IF – Forest fire, VU – Volcanism, TR – Earthquake and RE – Undertow. Fonte dos Dados: EM-DAT (2007).
Why to establish the GEODESASTRES-SUL in the Southern region of Brasil? Natural Disasters in Brasil (1900-2006)Distribution of natural disasters around the world, by continents in the period of 1900- 2006. Legend: IN – Flood, ES – Landslide, TE – Storm, SE – Drought, TX – Extreme temperature, IF – Forest fire, VU – Volcanism, TR – Earthquake and RE – Undertow. Fonte dos Dados: EM-DAT (2007).
Why to establish the GEODESASTRES-SUL in the Southern region of Brasil? Climate ChangesIncrease of the precipitations associated with severe storms in the period of 2090-2099. Legend: DJF(December, January and February), JJA (June, July and August). Source: IPCC (2007).
GEODESASTRES-SUL Data Basea) Data Input: • Data about natural disasters and extreme events given by the Damage Evaluation Report from the Civil Defense (AVADAN) and from the newspapers, magazines, etc; • Geoenvironmental data from satellite images, meteorological data, cartographic data and model data; • Socio-economical data, such as: population, poverty index; health conditions, education, etc.; • Field work data, such as: questionary, damage and prejuizos evaluation, etc.b) Process: • Natural disasters Inventary and sitematization; • Development of danger, vulnerability and risk maps; • Diagnosys about the risk areas; • Monitoring of disasters and extreme events(before and during the disasters); • Geoenvironmental diagnoses of disasters and extreme events (after the disasters).c) Users Interface
DATABASE AND HOMEPAGEUp to 1800 publications collectedEvery day 33 news papers from South region in Brazil areaccessed More than 100 disasters were reported since January in the three states from South region and more than 500 municipalities were damages by theses events;Precipitation data were collected in 1500 estações in thethree southerns states. From these data precipitationhistorical series were developed.More than 10.000 natural disasters events informationwere collected since 1980.
Tornado in Muitos Capões city - RS Subtração LANDSAT/TM band 7(Before - After)
Tornado in Muitos Capões city - RS Classificação: F3 Ventos: 250 a 330 km/h Extensão: 48 km Largura Máxima: 290 m
Vegetation Index MODIS/EVI Brazilian Souhtern RegionMore than 600 MODIS images fromBrazilian Southern Region and part ofMERCOSUL, in the period fromSeptember 2000 to October 2007MODIS Mosaic CBERS Mosaic
MODIS Images for drought and flooding studies In this same area there were floodings events In this same area there were floodings events from 2001 to 2004. from 2001 to 2004. Flooding areas in: 2004Severe drougth during the summer in 2004/2005. 2003 2002 2001 Regular Water-MODIS
Flooding MonitoringMODIS/AQUA Image-September 9th, 2007MODIS/AQUA Image- September 25th, 2007
Floods in Rio Grande do Sul in 2003Paraguai Santa CatarinaArgentina Inundação Enchente Alagamento REDEC1 REDEC2 REDEC3 REDEC4 REDEC5 ico nt lâ At no a Uruguai ce O 40 0 40 80 120 160 km
Drought in Rio Grande do Sul state from 2003 to 2005Paraguai Santa CatarinaArgentina Drought 2005 2004 in 2003 ico nt lâ At o an Uruguai ce O 40 40 0 40 40 80 120 160 km 80 120 160 km
Heat Spot /Month in Rio Grande do Sul State Focos de Calor no Rio Grande do Sul 160 140 120 100Número 80 60 40 20 0 o ro o ir o o o ir o ço o to ril o nh lh br br ai br ub Ab os ne re ar Ju M em em Ju m ut Ag M ve Ja te O ov ez Fe Se N D Mês 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
CAPACITY BUILDING Training Courses REGIONAL CENTER FOR SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYEDUCATION FOR LATINA AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN-CRECTEALC CAMPUS BRASIL (AFFILIATED TO THE UNITED NATIONS) NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR PSACE RESEARCH-INPE Southern Regional Center for Space Research-CRS GEODESASTRES-SUL With the support of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs(UNOOSA) by its new program UN-SPIDER – United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response I SEMINAR “GEOTHECNOLOGIES FOR NATURAL DISASTERS PREVENTION AND MITIGATION IN THE BRAZILIAN SOUTH REGION AND MERCOSUL” November 27-29, 2007
Early Warning Systems Operational in Brazil• Brazil is the largest and most populous country in SouthAmerica.• Annually the country is affected by a variety of naturaldisasters as severe storms, flooding, landslides, droughts •Nowadays the capacity of the countryand fires which affect thousand of people. to foresee the occurrence of natural• More than 95% of these disasters are related to the climate, disasters with antecedence in order toits variability and extremities. mitigate its adverse consequences is reduced •Frequently, due to lack of forecasts, the actions of the governmental authorities are limited to post-event activities without prevention or mitigation. Flooding in São Paulo city Drought in Amazonia
CPTEC/INPE• The Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies -CPTEC of INPE develops, produces and disseminates weather forecasts as well as seasonal climate forecasts.• Since its establishment in 1994, the CPTEC/INPE disseminates meteorological warnings of extreme meteorological phenomenon for the whole country.• In case of intense or drawn out rains, the CPTEC/INPE developed as part of its operational routine, an information system to support the Civil Defense.
Semi-automatic System of Forecast, Hydrometeorological and Environmental Data to Sustain Natural Hazards ManagementCPTEC/INPE and others Brazilian institutions are developing a semi-automaticsystem of forecast, hydrometeorological and environmental data to sustainnatural hazards management.The main objective of the project is to develop predictive capacity to identifyprobability of occurrence of natural disasters caused by meteorological andclimatic extremities for the 5500 Brazilian municipalities. Map of number of days with hydric deficit http://www.cptec.inpe.br/proclima/index.shtml Potential Risk Map http://sigma.cptec.inpe.br/produto/queimadas
Semi-automatic System of Forecast, Hydrometeorological and Environmental Data to Sustain Natural Hazards Management Natural hazards risk and vulnerability data Potential risk areas mappingMeteorological, Semi-automatic System U climate Environmental of Forecast, Sand hydrological extremes Hydrometeorological ANALISIS WARNING E ACTIONS data and Environmental R Data to Sustain S Natural Hazards Management Additional databases
Semi-automatic System of Forecast, Hydrometeorological and Environmental Data to Sustain Natural Hazards Management Pilot ProjectDR. EYMAR SILVA SAMPAIO LOPES http://www.cptec.inpe.br/serradomar/desenvolvimento.shtmlCoordinadtor-INPE/ DPI
Landslide in São Sebastião in 06 December 1994 Photo IPT (2001)After theBefore theLandslidePedras River Basin+ than 100 spots of mass movement Presidente Bernardes Refinery
BRAZILIAN DISASTERS NETWORK AND PORTAL IBGE SEMINAR IN AUGUST 30TH, 2007The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistic-IBGE has invited allBrazilian institutions involved wiht disasters to build up a network and aportal about disasters activities in Brasil. The goals of this portal are:•To put together all information about disasters that are available in several differentssites•To give more accessibility about disaster information to the Brazilian community;•To ensure that relevant information is easily accessible and disseminated to allinterested end-users•To be a bridge to connect the disaster management and space communities•To transfer of knowledge and technology to Brazilian community• To establish communities of practice• To be a platform for fostering alliances
GEODESASTRES-SUL THANK YOU CBERS-CCD Image November 11, 2005 Uruguai River Uruguaiana cityCBERS-CCD ImageFebruary 19, 2005Uruguai RiverUruguaiana city