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Slides from a talk on how to use the Gross National Happiness Index at the Association of Washington Cities conference in Kennewick, WA on June 26, 2013 …

Slides from a talk on how to use the Gross National Happiness Index at the Association of Washington Cities conference in Kennewick, WA on June 26, 2013

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  • Give the audience 30 sec each to list (make sure they have paper and pen) 10 things that make you happy (just things) 10 people 10 activities After the listing, find out who could list 10 Ask what things came up, what people, what activities Link to scientific findings findings, our SAHI report, our DON report and the world happiness report
  • Money- Easterlin Paradox says 75K for family of 4, and more does not increase happiness that much, Work- meaningful and autonomy Community and engagement in democratic process arekey Data Source: Kessler Report on Depression. Source After going through this, talk about the role of gratitude in personal happiness
  • Research on the portions is emerging. Some say the set-point is 50%, with External 10% and Internal 40%, however, this may be an exaggeration of the lack of importance of external factionrs Source for About 1/3 of happiness is genetic – source:
  • State this: Imagine a world where all people, all beings were able to meet their basic needs No child died of starvation, all people had adequate nutrition. species of fish, birds, other animals or plants never faced extinction everyone had plenty of access to nature – and healthy air, healthy soil and water Where you could really say- this is a beautiful planet and beautiful tie to live – for me and for others. That is the world I want to live in, and I want my grandchildren/ the children of the world to grow up in.
  • Tell a story here and let this slide stand by itself. “ Now I want to tell you a story. Imagine tomorrow you woke up – and had a really bad day. You left the stove on, happened to burn the house or apartment complex down, on your way to work, you caused a terrible accident that killed three people – blood all over the street, a huge traffic jam – you get to work and your spouse calls you – he or she wants a divorce and promises its going to be long, messy and very expensive. YOU HAVE DONE GREAT THINGS FOR GDP today. Now let’s imagine another scenario: You wake up, it’s a weekend morning, you spend a leisurely morning picking fruit in the garden and making your loved ones breakfast, then you all go for a walk through the neighborhood- you do not go to the gym- and when you get home you decide to spend the afternoon talking, reading to each other and playing a board game – not going to the movies. YOU ARE MISERABLE - YOU HAVE DONE NOTHING FOR GDP. Robert Kennedy pointed out that our Gross National Product "measures everything except that which makes life worthwhile." Genuine Progress Indicator Cheat Sheet.   The goal of the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) is an alternative to the Gross Domestic Product . It accounts for health care. childcare, volunteering, income distribution,, safety, a clean environment, and other indicators of well-being.. The purpose of the GPI is to shift economic policy towards sustainability. It is used by governmental and non-governmental organizations worldwide. Because the GDP and the GPI are both measured in monetary terms, they can be compared on the same scale. Download report: The Genuine Progress Indicator 2006       The GPI starts with the same personal consumption data that the GDP is based on and maker some adjustments: ADD Housework, Volunteering, and Higher Education - GPI includes the value of this work figured at the approximate cost of hiring someone to do it. The GPI also takes into account the non-market benefits associated with a more educated population.   ADJUST Income Distribution - GPI rises when the poor receive a larger percentage of national income, and falls when their share decreases. Changes in Leisure Time - When leisure time increases, the GPI goes up; when Americans have less of it, the GPI goes down. Lifespan of Consumer Durables & Public Infrastructure - GPI treats the money spent on capital items as a cost, and the value of the service they provide year after year as a benefit for private capital items and to public infrastructure, such as highways.     SUBTRACT Resource Depletion GPI counts the depletion or degradation of wetlands, forests, farmland, and nonrenewable minerals (including oil) as a current cost. Pollution - GPI subtracts the costs of air and water pollution as measured by actual damage to human health and the environment. Long-Term Environmental Damage - GPI treats as costs the consumption of certain forms of energy and of ozone-depleting chemicals. It also assigns a cost to carbon emissions to account for the catastrophic economic, environmental, and social effects of global warming. Crime - GPI subtracts the costs arising from crime. Defensive Expenditures - GPI counts defensive expenditures as costs rather than as benefits. Dependence on Foreign Assets - GPI counts net additions to the capital stock as contributions to well-being, and treats money borrowed from abroad as reductions. If the borrowed money is used for investment, the negative effects are canceled out. But if the borrowed money is used to finance consumption, the GPI declines.  
  • Source:
  • Source: The Nation, Ribert Reice For National Wealth: top 20% own 84% of nations wealth
  • Global Footprint network
  • Data Sources: CIA world factbook Life expectency best Japan, worst Angola, afganistan, Nigeria, Chad, Swaziland, Infant mortality - best in monoco and singapore, sweden , japan woest Angola, Afghanistan, alger Obesity worst: Kuwait, not inlcluding islands of Tongu etc. OECD Factbook has US a fatest
  • Gross National Happiness Domains Psychological Well-Being Assesses the degree of satisfaction and optimism in individual life.  The indicators analyze self-esteem, sense of competence, stress, spiritual activities and prevalence of positive and negative emotions. Physical Health Measures the effectiveness of health policies, with criteria such as self-rated health, disability, patterns of risk behavior, exercise, sleep, nutrition, etc. Work/Time Balance The use of time is one of the most significant factors in quality of life, especially time for recreation and socializing with family and friends.  A balanced management of time is evaluated, including time spent in traffic jams, at work, in educational activities, etc. Community Vitality/Social Connection Focuses on relationships and interactions in communities.  Examines the level of confidence, the sense of belonging, the vitality of affectionate relationships, safety at home and in the community, and the practice of giving and volunteering. Education and Capacity Building Takes into account several factors such as participation in formal and informal education, development of skills and capabilities, involvement in children’s education, values education, environmental education, etc. Cultural Vitality and Access to Arts and Culture Evaluates local traditions, festival, core values, participation in cultural events, opportunities to develop artistic skills and discrimination due to religion, race or gender. Environmental Quality and Access to Nature Measures the perception of citizens about the quality of their water, air, soil, forest cover, biodiversity, etc.  The indicators include access to green areas, system of waste management, etc. Democratic Governance Assesses how the population views the government, the media, the judiciary, the electoral system, and the police, in terms of responsibility, honesty and transparency.  It also measures involvement of citizens in community decisions and political processes. Material Well-Being Evaluates individual and family income, financial security, the level of debt, employment security, the quality of housing, etc . Work Experience Evaluates individual satisfaction with work
  • From Wellbeing for Public Policy, Diener, Heliwell et all Social Indicators Research   >   Vol. 58, No. 1/3, Jun., 2002   >   Why Social Policy Nees Subjective Indicators, Ruut Veenhoven
  • Tell a story again: 17 year old king asked what are you going to do to improve your countries GDP? GNH is more important. Use a subjective and objective measures of wellbeing Guides countries poliecy decisions and alllocations of resorucs
  • Visit to download the tool kit to conduct your own happiness initiative
  • Research: The survey can not be conducted in an exclusive manner or for commercial purposes. If you are seeking to conduct the survey for a research project, you must contact us first for permission, The survey may not be used for any commercial purpose Suggested donations: Small nonprofits, volunteer groups, student group  - $100 Small and med business, Campus - $200 City, town, library etc, medium NGO - $300 Large business or nonprofit – please contact us We will not refuse a referral code or unique URL to anybody because they can not pay
  • Research: The survey can not be conducted in an exclusive manner or for commercial purposes. If you are seeking to conduct the survey for a research project, you must contact us first for permission, The survey may not be used for any commercial purpose Suggested donations: Small nonprofits, volunteer groups, student group  - $100 Small and med business, Campus - $200 City, town, library etc, medium NGO - $300 Large business or nonprofit – please contact us We will not refuse a referral code or unique URL to anybody because they can not pay
  • Source: Inerviiew the John de Graaf
  • Source: Inerviiew the John de Graaf
  • Transcript

    • 1. Happiness and Well-being:A global movement, A local
    • 2. What makes you happy?guided exercise
    • 3. World Happiness ReportKey Findings:External:MoneyWorkCommunityDemocratic ProcessInternal:Values & ReligionHealthFamily experienceEducationAge
    • 4. Gross Domestic Product - the sum of allgood and services produced in a yearWhat GDP counts:+ goods and services sold+ oil spills+ illness and death+ divorce….What GDP does not count:- volunteering- time with friends and family- community gardens- walking for exercise..Photostock
    • 5. Does money make us happy?• GDP in theUS has morethan tripledsince 1950s.• Adjusted percapita GDPsince 1960 hasdoubled since2010• Happinesshas remainedstagnant andeven fallen
    • 6. Easterlin Paradox40 year study of nations across the globeUp to a salary of$75K for family offour, long and shortterm happinessincreases a lot withmore moneyAfter a salary of$75K, long termhappinessincreases aremarginal or non-existent, short termincreases inhappiness do occur.
    • 7. Unbalanced and UnfairThe United States has the widest gap betweenrich and poor of any wealthy country.The Nation, Unjust Spoils, Robert ReichShare of annual national incomeearned by the top 1 % of Americans:1980 8 percent2010 24 percentShare earned by the bottom 50%2010 20 percent
    • 8. What about our planet?If everyone on Earth consumedat the level of the U.S,we would needFive to Seven Planets.Our lives areunsustainable.What is your ecological footprint?
    • 9. When money does thetalking..The US is the only wealthy nation without :– Paid Sick Days– Paid holidays (none are required of employers)– Paid Maternity Leave (with Swaziland, Liberia and PapuaNew Guinea). Most also offer paid leave for fathers.– Paid Vacations (with Burma, Nepal, Suriname and Guyana)The US spends nearly twice per capita on healthcare than anyother nation yet, according the CIA fact book, the US ranks (outof 150 countries)– 50thin the world in life expectancy– 46thin the world in infant mortality– 2ndin the world in obesity
    • 10. Happiness is an American ValueGeorge Washington:“The aggregate happiness of the society, which is bestpromoted by the practice of a virtuous policy, is, or ought tobe, the end of all government ….”John Adams:“Happiness of society is the end of government.”Thomas Jefferson“ The only orthodox object of the institution of governmentis to secure the greatest degree of happiness possible tothe general mass of those associated under it.”…and, of course, our Declaration of Independence.
    • 11. What is Happiness?The 10 Domains of Happiness & SWL and affect
    • 12. • Purpose• government• life• Granularity• defines issues• Capture theunobservableWhy do we need a subjective measure?• hurting or thriving• “guide societies toward desirable futures”• experimenting society• Inclusivity• people tune out objective data• people are the data – personal assessment
    • 13. Where does it all come from?“Gross National Happinessis moreimportant thanGross National Product.”--Jigme Singye Wangchuk,Fourth King of Bhutan,1972
    • 14. UN ResolutionTowards a Holistic Approach to Sustainable Development
    • 15. The spread of happinessUnited KingdomCanadaBrazilAustraliaChina…and here
    • 16. • A Grass Roots Organization• Subjective Measure of Wellbeing –scalable, available• Tools, Resources and Knowledge
    • 17. Happiness Initiatives
    • 18. Objective IndicatorsObjective Indicators Happy ActionsHappy ActionsHappiness City Report:Feedback, and Recommendationsfrom the CommunityHappiness City Report:Feedback, and Recommendationsfrom the CommunityTown MeetingsTown MeetingsTools and resources for a grassroots movementYour Happiness Initiative TeamYour Happiness Initiative TeamHappiness Report Card:Survey and Objective IndicatorsHappiness Report Card:Survey and Objective IndicatorsSurveySurvey
    • 19. Your Happiness Index
    • 20. The Happiness Report CardThe Gross National Happiness Index Scoresrepresent results from 18,600 people who took theGNH Index between March 2011 and April 2013
    • 21. Time BalanceIn a typical week, how much of your timeare you able to spend doing the kinds ofthings that you enjoy?None of my timeNot much of my timeSome of my timeMost of my timeAll of my time
    • 22. Social Support SystemsDanish Unemployment Policies and Practices, HoursAdjustment ActNetherland’s Hours Adjustment ActWorkers have right to reduce hours topart-time,while maintaininghourly salary, healthcare, promotionopportunities andpro-rated benefits.
    • 23. EnvironmentHow satisfied with you are the effortsbeing made to preserve the naturalenvironment in your neighborhood.Very dissatisfiedDissatisfiedNeither Satisfied nor DissatisfiedSatisfiedVery Satisfied
    • 24. Natural Environment ExampleBhutan’s Preservation Policy60% natural habitat 40% developmentBig Hydro Decision
    • 25. Pop-up “parks” – NYC, Sydney, SFGames in parks– BeijingNatural Environment Example
    • 26. Thank youDownload the toolkit to conduct your own the survey and get your own personal assessment ofyour well-beingListen to an online-talk – monthly info twice a week networking calls to support each other in ourwork for global happiness and wellbeingcontact us at