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New Zealand’s Problem<br />Increased wealth but ↑health/social problems<br /><ul><li>crime/violence/imprisonment
drugs/alcohol
mental disorders
health/obesity/infant mortality
education
other………..</li></ul>WHY?<br />
Authors<br />Wilkinson – economics (LSE)<br />                    - epidemiology (Nots, London,York)<br />Pickett – physic...
Source of Data<br />World Bank<br />WHO<br />UN<br />OECD<br />
Selection of Countries<br />Richest 50 countries (World Bank 2004)<br />Flat portion of curve<br />Exclude  -  no data<br ...
Education PerformanceBigger GAP = worse performanceFinland - at the top1. Free (illegal to charge fees), compulsory (7-16 ...
Statistical AssociationsCause & Effect?<br />Correlations between countries & States<br />Robust correlations<br />Changes...
Explanations<br />“Stress”<br />Social status<br />Trust   (lack of..)<br />Anger & frustration<br />Physiology-to-pathoph...
The GAP in New Zealand<br />“It is no coincidence that the biggest increases in income inequalities have occurred in econo...
The GAP in New Zealand<br />“Income disparities are widening and they will widen much more. That doesn’t worry me”<br />Mi...
The GAP in New Zealand 2009-2010<br />INCOME<br />Chief Executives – 14% rise<br />All New Zealanders – 1.7% rise<br />Bus...
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The gap slides

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Power point presentation 20 minutes for use by presenters to community groups

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The gap slides

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  2. 2. New Zealand’s Problem<br />Increased wealth but ↑health/social problems<br /><ul><li>crime/violence/imprisonment
  3. 3. drugs/alcohol
  4. 4. mental disorders
  5. 5. health/obesity/infant mortality
  6. 6. education
  7. 7. other………..</li></ul>WHY?<br />
  8. 8. Authors<br />Wilkinson – economics (LSE)<br /> - epidemiology (Nots, London,York)<br />Pickett – physical anthropology (Cambridge)<br /> -nutritional sciences (Cornell)<br /> - epidemiology (Berkeley)<br />
  9. 9. Source of Data<br />World Bank<br />WHO<br />UN<br />OECD<br />
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  11. 11. Selection of Countries<br />Richest 50 countries (World Bank 2004)<br />Flat portion of curve<br />Exclude - no data<br /> - <3 million<br />Dataset = 23 countries<br />
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  23. 23. Education PerformanceBigger GAP = worse performanceFinland - at the top1. Free (illegal to charge fees), compulsory (7-16 yr), no selection of students, no national testing, no league tables, no inspections 2. Teachers: “The most sought after profession”- Master’s degree, prestige, competitive++“Teachers are academics and well trained, so we trust them”(Prof Lavonen)3. Narrow income gap (Little social mobility)[Free tertiary education]<br />
  24. 24. Statistical AssociationsCause & Effect?<br />Correlations between countries & States<br />Robust correlations<br />Changes with time in parallel <br /> - USSR to Russia<br /> - Japan vs USA post WWII<br /> - Post-Berlin Wall<br />
  25. 25. Explanations<br />“Stress”<br />Social status<br />Trust (lack of..)<br />Anger & frustration<br />Physiology-to-pathophysiology<br />Impaired broad view - society, foreign aid<br />Imperfect Understanding<br />
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  29. 29. The GAP in New Zealand<br />“It is no coincidence that the biggest increases in income inequalities have occurred in economies such as those of America, Britain and New Zealand, where free-market economic policies have been pursued most zealously”<br />The Economist 1994<br />
  30. 30. The GAP in New Zealand<br />“Income disparities are widening and they will widen much more. That doesn’t worry me”<br />Minister of Finance 1995<br />
  31. 31. The GAP in New Zealand 2009-2010<br />INCOME<br />Chief Executives – 14% rise<br />All New Zealanders – 1.7% rise<br />Business Herald 2010<br />
  32. 32. Considerations for the Rich<br /> 1. Reducing the GAP benefits the rich<br /> (as well as the poor)<br /> 2. Can the GAP expand further?<br /> “As we watch the fervor across the Arab world – where a fraction of the population controls the lion’s share of wealth – we must ask: when will it come to America”<br /> Joseph E Stiglitz (2011)<br />
  33. 33. ACTION: Reduce the income GAP<br />Hypothesis: Reducing the GAP will:<br />Improve health indices<br />Reduce infant mortality<br />Reduce crime & imprisonment rates<br />Reduce obesity<br />Reduce mental illness<br />Reduce teenage pregnancies<br />Improve education performance<br />Improve wellbeing….etc etc<br />Save $$$ long-term<br />
  34. 34. How to Reduce the GAP<br />Tax/Welfare – Scandinavian model<br />Decrease Income GAP – Japan model<br />Oversight of ministries etc (remove blinkers)<br />Close tax havens ($$ trillions)<br /> (Treasure Islands Nick Shaxson)<br /> Public / Political will<br />
  35. 35. The Fight Against Organised Misery<br /> But stand up,<br />you, stand up,<br />but stand up with me<br />and let us go off together<br />to fight face to face<br />against the devil’s webs,<br />against the system that distributes hunger,<br />against organised misery<br />The Captain’s Verses<br />Pablo Neruda 1972<br />
  36. 36. Where to from here?<br />NEW ZEALAND<br />www.closingthegap.org.nz<br />www.closertogether.org.nz<br />UK<br />www.equalitytrust.org.uk<br />

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