All About Tiger Tracking - By - Deep Jungle Home Mudumalai Resort

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Complete information on Tiger Tracking and conservation methods brought to you by http://www.campstream.net/

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  • Tigers in Mudumalai http://www.campstream.net/
  • All About Tiger Tracking - By - Deep Jungle Home Mudumalai Resort

    1. 1. All About Tigers In Mudumalai http://www.campstream.net/
    2. 2.  The tiger (Panthera tigris), a member of the Felidae family, is the largest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera  Tigers have a lifespan of 10–15 years in the wild, but can live longer than 20 years in captivity  They are territorial and generally solitary animals  Three of the nine subspecies of modern tiger have gone extinct, and the remaining six are classified as endangered,  The Bengal tiger or the Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris ti the most common subspecies of tiger and is found primaril in India
    3. 3. A tigress may have a territory of 20 square kilometres, while the territories of males are much larger, covering 60– 100 km2 Tigers are thought to be nocturnal predators, hunting at night. However, in areas where humans are absent, they have been observed via remote controlled, hidden cameras hunting during the daylight hours. The gestation period is 16 weeks. The litter size usually consists of around 3–4 cubs of about 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) each, which are born blind and helpless. The cubs become independent around 18 months of age, but it is not until they are around 2–2½ years old that they leave their mothe
    4. 4. Sub species of Tiger 1) Royal Bengal Tiger 2) Indo- Chinese Tiger 3) Sumatran Tiger 4) Siberian Tiger 5) South-China Tiger 6) Malayan Tiger Extinct Sub species 6) Bali Tiger 7) Javan Tiger 8) Caspian Tiger
    5. 5. Causes of Extinction and Decrease in Numbers HUNTING FOR SPORT WAS THE MAJOR CAUSE OF DECREASING TIGER POPULATION
    6. 6. Hunting Playing
    7. 7. Camera Trapping What is camera trapping?  Camera trapping is a method that is used to study secretive and nocturnal animals which are difficult to sight in daytime.  This method can be used to identify individual animals with distinctive markings such as stripes of a tiger and spots in leopard which are unique for each individual  A Camera Trap consists of Two sets of cameras which are placed opposite.  They have a heat sensor which is a small round like which sense body heat of anything coming in front of it.  When the animal crosses both the cameras the heat sensor triggers the camera automatically due to internal system  This method has been successfully used to study the population of tigers, leopards in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve.
    8. 8. CAMERA TRAP
    9. 9. RIGHT FLANK LEFT FLANK
    10. 10. CAMERA TRAP PHOTOGRAPHS OF TWO INDIVIDUAL TIGERS
    11. 11. Leopard with cubs
    12. 12. Elephant curious about Camera flash! A Sloth bear
    13. 13. PREY SPECIES OF TIGER IN MUDUMALAI TIGER RESERVE Barking deer (Muntiakus muntjak) Chital (Axis axis)
    14. 14. SAMBAR (Cervus unicolor) INDIAN GAUR (Bos gaurus)
    15. 15. Wild pig (Sus scrofa)
    16. 16. P R E D A T O R S
    17. 17. While the claw marks are visible in a dog’s pugmark, in cat’s unless they are walking in slippery ground claw marks are not visible In Dog family, except in case of Hyaena, the gap between the top of the pad and the two middle toes is distinctly more than what is found in cats. Pugmark of a Dog Pugmark of a Cat
    18. 18. RIGHT FRONT of Tiger RIGHT HIND of Tiger
    19. 19. MALE Tiger Pugmark      FEMALE Tiger Pugmark The pugmark of a male almost fits into a square. The pugmark of a female fits into a rectangle. The shape of toes in a male is more rounded. The shape of toes in a female is elongated. If the difference between PML and PMB is less than 1.5 cms, the pugmark is likely to be that of a male.  If the difference between PML and PMB is more than 1.5 cms, the pugmark is likely to be that of a female.
    20. 20. WHERE TO SEARCH FOR PUGMARKS 1. Dusty or damp ground. 2. Forest paths and roads. 3. Animal trails. 4. River and stream beds. 5. Near water holes. 6. Dry nala beds. 7. In the vicinity of natural salt licks.
    21. 21. To make a plaster cast We need: Plaster of Paris (Medical quality) Water A stick to stir A mug to prepare paste
    22. 22. However, a tiger census carried out in 2007, whose report was published on February 12, 2008, stated that the wild tiger population in India declined by 60% to approximately 1,411 A major concerted conservation effort, known as Project Tiger, has been underway since 1973, initially spearheaded by Indira Gandhi http://www.campstream.net/ India is home to the world's largest population of tigers in the wild.[92] According to theWorld Wildlife Fund, of the 3,500 tigers around the world, 1,400 are found in India. Only 11% of original Indian tiger habitat remains, and it is becoming significantly fragmented and often degraded
    23. 23. HELP SAVE TIGERS - SUPPORT TIGER CONSERVATION. http://www.campstream.net/

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