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YAHWEH OUR GOD    EXODUS 6 & 15   DECEMBER 2, 2012FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI         USA
The most widely acceptedpronunciation of Yahwehis:   YOH vah = LORD  ye HO vah (Jehovah).
Next week:YAHWEH OUR FATHER   Psalm 103:1-18
December 16   YAHWEH OUR  RIGHTEOUSNESS     December 23JESUS OUR IMMANUEL
Today we are inEXODUS 6 & 15Reference material:     LifeWayChristian Resources    of the SBC
Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises         Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone         Exodu...
This Lesson Is About:the name by which Godreveals Himself—Yahweh—a name that shows Hissovereign and powerfulcharacter.
*In the most ancient OldTestament manuscripts,Gods true name isdepicted as YHWH,(a Hebrew theonymknown as thetetragrammato...
*In English, we knowGod’s name as Yahweh.
This lesson can help ustrust God as the Onefaithful God Who is able.
*In Hebrew thought, aname revealed somethingof the inner person.
*Names often reflect theparents’ desire that astheir children grow theywill develop exemplarycharacter.
*They want the names toreflect the children’suniqueness, theirindividuality.*The Scriptures containmany names for God.
*These multiple namessuggest that God cannotbe pressed into theperimeters of humanlanguage.
*He is much more thanany name or number ofnames can express.
*Yet the name by whichHe makes Himself known—Yahweh—isfoundational in ourlimited understanding ofHim.
The name Yahweh stressesthat God is personal,has always existed,is the Creator,is the only God,is adequate to meet needs,a...
Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises         Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone         Exodu...
Yahweh PromisesExodus 6:2-8      HCSB2 “Then God spoke toMoses, telling him, “I amYahweh.3 I appeared to Abraham,Isaac, an...
Almighty, but I did notreveal My name Yahwehto them.4 I also established Mycovenant with them togive them the land ofCanaa...
lived in as foreigners.5 Furthermore, I haveheard the groaning of theIsraelites, whom theEgyptians are forcing towork as s...
covenant.6 “Therefore tell theIsraelites: I am Yahweh,and I will deliver youfrom the forced labor ofthe Egyptians and free...
I will redeem you withan outstretched arm andgreat acts of judgment.7 I will take you as Mypeople, and I will beyour God. ...
God, Who delivered youfrom the forced labor ofthe Egyptians.8 I will bring you to theland that I swore to giveto Abraham, ...
you as a possession. I amYahweh.”            Exodus 6:2-8
*Later, as part of the TenCommandments inExodus 20:7, Godprohibited the misuse ofHis name (taking Hisname in vain).
Exodus 20:7 HCSB7 “Do not misuse thename of the Lord yourGod, becausethe Lord will not leaveanyone unpunished whomisuses H...
*The Jews came toconsider the name Yahwehso sacred they would notuse it but substituted theword Adonai (Lord) for it.
*The name Yahweh isbased on the Hebrew verb“to be” and is acombination of theconsonants YHWH andthe vowels of the wordAdon...
Suggested translationsinclude:“I am what I am,”“I will be what I will be,”“I will continue to be Who I always have been,” ...
*An appealing suggestionis that the name means“I am what I will reveal toyou I am.”
*The difficulty of arrivingat a definite translationdemonstrates the mysteryGod retains for Himselfand the inadequacy ofwo...
*The name Yahweh firstappears in Genesis 2:4.
Genesis 2:44 “These are the records ofthe heavens and the earth,concerning their creation atthe time that the LORDGod made...
*The Amplified Bible usesthe name Yahweh for Godin Exodus 6:3  and calls it :the redemptive name ofGod.
*The Holman ChristianStandard Bible uses"Yahweh" over 50 times.*The only OT books itdoes not appear in are:Ecclesiastes, t...
*The name expresses God’sexclusiveness andcovenant loyalty.1 Kings 8:23 NIV23 “O Lord, God of Israel,there is no God like ...
below—You Who keepYour covenant oflove with Your servantswho continuewholeheartedly in Yourway.”       1 Kings 8:23 NIV
*It also indicated that Godis not just a superiorpower or force but He is aPerson.
In the Old Testament, thename came to describe theGod Who was present tosave and supremely ableto deal with allcircumstanc...
*In Genesis 17:1, Godidentified Himself toAbram as“God Almighty,”Who would establish Hiscovenant with Abram andfulfill His...
son for Abram and Sarai.*The Hebrew termrendered God conveys thesense of strength, power,and separateness fromhumans.
*The word almighty hasthe idea of self-sufficiency.*The patriarchs (“firstfathers”) had known Godprimarily as the one ando...
said He would do andwas to be approachedreverently.
*God’s statement that Hehad not revealed Hisname Yahweh to themdid not mean they weretotally unaware of thename (see Gen. ...
Genesis 15:77 “He also said to him, ‘Iam Yahweh Who broughtyou from Ur of theChaldeans to give youthis land to possess.’”
*He likely meant Herelated to them in terms ofHis power to keep Hispromises to Abraham.*They may have knownthe name Yahweh...
God’s nature.*In Exodus, He wouldrelate to His people notonly in terms of might butalso in terms of Hispresence with them.
Yesterday is the past,tomorrow is the future,today is a gift from God,that’s why we call it thePresent!
*In relationship with Him,they would continue tolearn about His nature asHe made Himself knownto them.
*God had established acovenant with Abrahamand extended it throughIsaac and Jacob, in whichHe promised to give themthe lan...
*Canaan lay between theMediterranean Sea andthe Jordan River.*From south to north, itstretched roughly fromthe Brook of Eg...
*In Genesis 17:8, Godpromised to give Canaanto Abraham and hisdescendants.*Abraham, Isaac, Jacob,and their families hadliv...
foreigners (literally, “theland of their sojourning”).*They ownedconsiderable resourcesbut still were aliens in theland.
*In addition to havingestablished His covenantwith the patriarchs, Godhad heard the groaningof the Israelites as theytoile...
*That God heard meantHe was attentive to theIsraelites’ plight, implyingan answer of help.*His statement, “I haveremembere...
the covenant had slippedHis mind, that He hadforgotten.*Remembered has thesense of readiness to act.*God was about to fulf...
*God directed Moses totell the Israelites thatYahweh—the covenant-making, covenant-keeping God—wouldrescue them fromEgypti...
*Their forced labor wasabout to end.*By His sovereign power(outstretched arm) andmighty acts of judgmenton Egypt, Yahweh w...
Egyptians’ iron grip.*Redeem comes from aHebrew term that means“kinsman redeemer,” theclosest of kin whoseresponsibilities...
death, marrying hiskinsman’s widow toproduce a son to extendthe family name, buyingback land that had beensold, and freein...
*That God would act asthe Israelites’ kinsman-redeemer stressed twotruths:(1) The relationshipbetween God and Hispeople wa...
personal as familyrelationships.(2) God would go to anylengths and make anysacrifice to free Hispeople.
*The kinsman-redeemer isalso seen in the book ofRuth where Boaz is thekinsman-redeemer whomarries Ruth.*The kinsman-redeem...
*The exodus of theHebrews from Egypt andtheir return to thepromised land constituteson of the most remarkableliberations i...
*The exodus makes up anintegral part of Biblicalfaith in both Testaments.*There arose a Pharaohwho knew not Joseph(Exodus ...
had interpreted adream for a previousPharaoh that averted anational crisis (Genesis41).
The land of Goshen inEgypt, was located east ofthe Nile River (otherwisethe Israelites would havehad to also cross the Nil...
Goshen was the capitalregion and theagricultural heartland ofthe nation.
*The geographicallocation of the Hebrewscaused additional concernfor this new Pharaoh sincethey lived east of Egypt inGosh...
*Most of Egypt’s enemiescame from the east andthe Pharaoh knew that thenumerous Hebrews mightunite with an enemy thatcame ...
*Inexplicably andmercilessly, Pharaohenslaved them!*Exodus 1:9-14 says: 9  “Pharaoh said to hispeople, “Look, theIsraelite...
numerous and powerfulthan we are.10 Let us deal shrewdlywith them; otherwise theywill multiply further, andif war breaks o...
fight against us, and leavethe country.” 11 So the Egyptiansassigned taskmasters overthe Israelites to oppressthem with fo...
12 But the more theyoppressed them, the morethey multiplied andspread so that theEgyptians came todread the Israelites. 
13 They worked theIsraelites ruthlessly 14 and made their livesbitter with difficult laborin brick and mortar andin all ki...
They ruthlessly imposedall this work on them.”           Exodus 1:9-14
Exodus 3:11-1611 “But Moses asked God,“Who am I that I shouldgo to Pharaoh and that Ishould bring the Israelitesout of Egy...
12 He answered, “I willcertainly be with you, andthis will be the sign to youthat I have sent you: whenyou bring the peopl...
mountain.”13 Then Moses asked God,“If I go to the Israelites andsay to them: The God ofyour fathers has sent me toyou, and...
what should I tell them?”14 God replied to Moses,“I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are tosay to the Israelites: I AMhas sen...
15 God also said to Moses,“Say this to the Israelites:Yahweh, the God of yourfathers, the God ofAbraham, the God ofIsaac, ...
This is My nameforever; this is how I amto be remembered inevery generation.
16 “Go and assemble theelders of Israel and say tothem: Yahweh, the God ofyour fathers, the God ofAbraham, Isaac, andJacob...
attention to you and towhat has been done toyou in Egypt.”          Exodus 3:11-16
Exodus 5:1-21 “Later, Moses andAaron went in and said toPharaoh, “This is whatYahweh, the God of Israel,says: Let My peopl...
festival for Me in thewilderness.”2 But Pharaoh responded,“Who is Yahweh that Ishould obey Him byletting Israel go? I do n...
Yahweh, and besides, Iwill not let Israel go.”              Exodus 5:1-2
*Each of the ten plaquescorresponded to a godthat the Egyptiansworshiped so God wasshowing His absoluteauthority over each...
In addition to the deathknell for Egyptian beliefs,might the plaques haveserved another purpose?The answer is, yes.Loudly ...
Pharaoh’s question:“Who is Yahweh?”*Two conclusions appearobvious: The plaguescommunicatedYahweh’s sovereignty andYahweh’s...
*The plagues changedPharaoh’s belief regardingthe power and thesovereignty of Yahweh.
*When the plaguesconcluded, Pharaoh hadthe answer to hisquestion,“Who is Yahweh?”*The Exodus occurredabout 1446 B.C.
*The Exodus, with theplagues, represent morethan the central event ofthe OT.*They remind subsequentgenerations of God’ssov...
In delivering the Israelitesfrom Egyptian slavery,God would make themHis covenant people.*The covenant involvedmutual resp...
His people.*The Hebrew wordtranslated take could havethe ideas of buying,taking in marriage, andacquiring for oneself.
*God would redeem theIsraelites for relationshipwith Him.*In turn, they wouldrecognize Him as theirGod.
“I will be your God”expressed God’s closerelationship with Hispeople and His singularright to them.*Through His redemptive...
would know byexperience He was theircovenant God.*Delivering them from theforced labor of theEgyptians woulddemonstrate Hi...
and power as the one trueGod.*It also would stand asirrefutable historicalevidence of His entering acovenant with them.
*God stressed He wouldtake the Israelites toCanaan, the land He hadsworn to give thepatriarchs.*He would fulfill thecovena...
which He referred inverse 4.*The Hebrew termrendered swore ispicturesque.*It means “lifted up thehand” as a gesture in
affirming an oath.*God vowed to keep Hisword that He would giveCanaan to the Israelites asa possession.*For the fourth tim...
“I am Yahweh” (see vv.2,6,7).*He is; He is the only God;and He is the God Whomakes and keepscovenant promises.
*Proverbs 3:5-6 discloses afoundational truth inrelationship with God.Under His inspiration, thewriter advised:5 “Trust in...
And do not lean on yourown understanding.6 In all yourways acknowledge Him,And He will make yourpaths straight.”    Prover...
*Faith in the covenantGod—focusing life onHim—will be met withHis provision for rightliving.*He is present and activein Hi...
We can count on thatScriptural promise!*God wants a personal,covenant relationshipwith all people, includingyou and me.
*His promises to usdemonstrate He wants tobe involved in our lives.*We discover Hispromises by reading andstudying His Word.
Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises         Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone         Exodu...
Exodus 15:1-31 “Then Moses and theIsraelites sang this songto the Lord. They said:‘I will sing to the Lord,for He is highl...
and its rider into the sea.2 The Lord is my strengthand my song;He has become mysalvation.This is my God, and Iwill praise...
my father’s God, and Iwill exalt Him.3 The Lord is a warrior;Yahweh is His name.”           Exodus 15:1-3
*Pharaoh refused to freethe Israelites, but througha series of 10 plagues(blows or strokes) againstthe Egyptians, Godeffec...
*Pharaoh and his peopleurged the Israelites toleave; they did so quickly.*As the Israelites traveledtoward the Red Sea,Pha...
such a large number offorced laborers.*He and a large militarycontingent pursued theIsraelites, overtakingthem on the Red ...
*God miraculously partedthe sea so His peoplecould cross safely to theother side.
*When the Egyptianspursued them, the wallsof water collapsed,drowning Pharaoh’sentire force.
*Rescued from theiroppressors, the Israelitescelebrated God’s greatvictory on their behalf.
Perhaps it would be good toremember that just as Godcared for His ancientpeople, He cares for ustoday!  David, the Shepher...
*Moses and the Israelitessang a song to the Lord(Yahweh).*With profound relief, joy,and gratitude, they liftedtheir voices...
redemptive act.*It probably is the oldestwritten record of theexodus event.*The singers addressedtheir hymn to the Lord—Ya...
His promise to free themfrom slavery (see Ex. 6:6).*The song was about Him,not them.“For He is highly exalted”can be trans...
gloriously.”*The Hebrew termrendered exalted means“has risen up” (as a wave,the swelling of the sea)and projects a majesti...
The Red Sea’s sweepingover Pharaoh’s forcesdemonstrated Yahweh’smajestic sovereignty.
*Verses 2-3 constitute astatement concerningGod’s nature.*The singers celebratedthe Lord (Yah, ashortened form ofYahweh) a...
their strength (might) andas their song—either thereason for or the subject oftheir song.*He had become theirsalvation.
*Here the term salvationspecifies liberation in apolitical or military sense.*It comes from a wordthat means “to make wide...
*The term the singersused presents the idea ofvictory God had gained.*The Israelites enjoyedfreedom or ease becauseof God’...
*He had acted for theirwelfare and safety.*This mighty Delivererwas the people’s God, theGod the patriarchsworshiped.
*The Hebrew words forGod reflect His strengthor power (see 6:3).*The sovereign God alsowas the covenant,redeemer God.
*The singers depicted Godas a mighty warrior Whowielded His power tovanquish His enemies.*They affirmed thatthrough the ex...
clear evidence of Hissovereign might.*God keeps every promiseHe makes.*His consistency in doingso gives us strength andenc...
*It provides confidence aswe face the future.*Our proper response toHis keeping His word iscontinuing praise.
Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises         Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone         Exodu...
Exodus 15:11-1311 “Lord, who is like Youamong the gods?Who is like You, gloriousin holiness,revered with praises,performin...
12 You stretched out Yourright hand, and the earthswallowed them.13 You will lead thepeople You haveredeemed with Yourfait...
You will guide them toYour holy dwellingwith Your strength.”        Exodus 15:11-13
In verses 4-10, inpicturesque, poeticlanguage, the joyful songof praise to Yahwehchronicled the destructionof Pharaoh’s ar...
*Throughout the hymn,the focus is on Yahwehand His redemptiveaction.*Verse 11 contains tworhetorical questions(“Who is lik...
whose expected answersare “No one!”*No one among the godswas like Yahweh.*He was in a class byHimself, with no peers.
1 Kings 8:23 NIV23“O Lord, God of Israel,there is no God like Youin heaven above or onearth below—You Whokeep Your covenan...
with Your servants whocontinue wholeheartedlyin Your way.”       1 Kings 8:23 NIV
*The Israelites did notacknowledge other gods’existence; other nations’so-called gods werefictional.*Yahweh alone is the t...
proposed gods were false.*Only Yahweh is gloriousin holiness.*The Hebrew termrendered glorious meansgreat, high, noble.
*It conveys the sense ofunparalleled exaltation.*The word holiness hasthe idea of God’sseparateness, His beingother than h...
*He was to be approachedwith reverential cautionand praises (recognitionof His awe-inspiringdeeds), for He hadperformed wo...
*Yahweh stretched outHis right hand (exertedHis might), and theEgyptians perished.*The singers used humanterms to describe...
*Because most peoplewere right-handed andused that hand forweapons, the phrase righthand signified strengthand victory.
Hebrews 1:3     NIV3 “The Son is the radianceof God’s glory and theexact representation ofHis being, sustaining allthings ...
After He had providedpurification for sins, Hesat down at the right handof the Majesty in heaven.”      Hebrews 1:3    NIV
Seated at Gods RightHand -has less to do with seatingarrangement andeverything to do withauthority.
“My right hand man"comes from this conceptbecause if you are atsomeones "right hand",you are working underthe authority of...
We know from manyverses in the NewTestament that Christ isnow seated at the righthand of God.
Romans 8:3434“Christ Jesus is the OneWho died, but even more,has been raised;He also is at the righthand of Godand interce...
Ephesians 1:2020 “He demonstrated thispower in the Messiah byraising Him from thedead and seating Him atHis right hand in ...
Once this concept isestablished, take a walkthrough the OldTestament and find theverses that mention Godsright hand.
*We know Christ waswith God before His FirstAdvent on earth.*Therefore, Christ wasalways at Gods righthand.
*Since this is the case,many many verses of theOT open up to a newunderstanding.*The book of Psalms isamazingly prophetic!
Psalm 20:66 “Now I know that theLord gives victory to Hisanointed; He will answerhim from His holy heavenwith mighty victo...
Who saves mankind?Christ!Whos the saving might ofGods right hand?Christ!
Psalm 60:55 “Save with Your righthand, and answer me,so that those You lovemay be rescued.”
Salvation is throughChrist alone, as there is noother name underHeaven, given amongmen, by which we mustbe saved!
Psalm 80:1717 “Let Your hand be withthe Man at Your righthand,with the Son of ManYou have made strong forYourself.”
Psalm 110:11 This is the declaration ofthe Lord (Yahweh – God)to my Lord (Yeshua): “Sitat My right hand until Imake Your e...
Ephesians 1:33 “Praise the God andFather of our Lord JesusChrist, Who has blessedus in Christ with everyspiritual blessing...
Ephesians 2:66 “Together with ChristJesus He also raised us upand seated us in theheavens,”
Revelation 3:20-2120 “Listen! I stand at thedoor and knock. If anyonehears My voice and opensthe door, I will come in tohi...
21 The victor: I will givehim the right to sit withMe on My throne, just as Ialso won the victory andsat down with My Fath...
*This one verse isrevolutionary inunderstanding our FULLINHERITANCE in Christ.*We have established thatChrist sat down at ...
*This means He has all theauthority of God.*Christ grants His Churchto sit at His right hand,thus giving the Church allthe...
*Astounding!*Something everyChristian needs tounderstand.*Were not just purchasedout of Hell, but given aglorious seat in ...
heavenlies, right next toChrist, Who is right nextto the Father.*Not even the angels canboast of that!
*When we accept Him, webecome like Him.*Not "gods", but sons ofGod, and co-heirs withChrist (Romans 8:17).
*God exercised Hisawesome power to freeHis people.*The words the earthswallowed them couldrefer to the Red Sea’srolling ov...
or to their entering Sheol,the place of the departeddead.
The Israelites expressedtheir confidence thatYahweh, Who had freedthem from slavery, wouldcontinue to lead themwith His fa...
The Hebrew termrendered faithful lovealmost eludes translation.It conveys the sense ofGod’s covenant loyalty,His unfailing...
Israelites.*It has been rendered“lovingkindness,”“steadfast love,” and“mercy.”*It is the closest OTequivalent to the NT term
grace.*Coupled with Yahweh’sconstant love would beHis sovereign power(strength), which wouldguide them to His holydwelling.
*One view is that thephrase holy dwellingrefers to the futureJerusalem sanctuary.*The reference could alsobe to Canaan.
*The Hebrew termrendered dwelling means“meadow” or “pasture”and then poetically“home.”*Thus the whole land ofCanaan, the l...
promised the Israelites,was the place set apart forGod’s residing in themidst of His people.*They had begun theirjourney t...
*Verses 14-17 of theIsraelites’ song rehearseshow God “will … plant”His people in the land.*In Hebrew, verses 14-16can rea...
wilderness as alreadyaccomplished, and verse17 pictures the fulfillmentof God’s purpose: to bringHis people to Canaan ande...
reference to Jerusalem.Some interpreters havesuggested references toMount Zion andSolomon’s temple, whileothers have opted...
the Israelites’ settling inthe whole land of Canaan.*Moses and the Israelites’song concluded with aresounding affirmation ...
*“The Lord” (Yahweh)would reign as King“forever and ever” (v. 18).*Implied was theIsraelites’ submission toHis authority.
*They did not always liveup to their covenantobligation to be God’sloyal subjects, but theybegan with a recognitionof His ...
*Verse 19 is a narrativeaccount reemphasizingGod’s making a waythrough the sea for theIsraelites.
*In response to Hisredemptive act, Miriam,“Aaron’s sister” and a“prophetess,” led thewomen as they playedtambourines and s...
His victory overPharaoh’s forces (vv. 20-21).
*Miriam’s song reflectsthe words Moses and thepeople sang in verse 1.*In ancient times, womenoften went out to greetreturn...
rejoicing in triumph.*Here the action likelywas spontaneous, and thesong celebrated God’svictory.
*In the hymn, “How GreatThou Art,” the writerbegan stanza one byaddressing God inwonder, then he reflectedon God’s creativ...
power in the universe.*When the writer did so,he exulted into song muchas the Israelites did.*Then he repeated thewords fo...
*We celebrate God’sgreatness as our Lord andour God—and the OneWho has provided oursalvation.
*The Bible makes clearthat God is God alone.*He is the only One weshould worship.*Other religions’ claimsneed not intimida...
*The Christian faith’sexclusivity means we donot accept the idea ofother gods, but we respectothers’ right to holddifferin...
*Praise God as the OneWho stands alone, likewhom there is no other.*If God has answered apromise to you,incorporate that i...
Biblical Truths• God has made Himselfknown as the sovereign,covenant-making,covenant-keeping God.
• God’s promisesdemonstrate that Hewants to be involved inour lives.
• God always keeps Hispromises, and His doingso gives usencouragement andstrength.
• Because God is Godalone, He is the only Onewe should worship.• The one true Godextends Hislovingkindness, Hismercy, to us.
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh
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Transcript of "12 December 2, 2012 Exodus 6 & 15, Yahweh"

  1. 1. YAHWEH OUR GOD EXODUS 6 & 15 DECEMBER 2, 2012FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA
  2. 2. The most widely acceptedpronunciation of Yahwehis: YOH vah = LORD ye HO vah (Jehovah).
  3. 3. Next week:YAHWEH OUR FATHER Psalm 103:1-18
  4. 4. December 16 YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS December 23JESUS OUR IMMANUEL
  5. 5. Today we are inEXODUS 6 & 15Reference material: LifeWayChristian Resources of the SBC
  6. 6. Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone Exodus 15:11-13
  7. 7. This Lesson Is About:the name by which Godreveals Himself—Yahweh—a name that shows Hissovereign and powerfulcharacter.
  8. 8. *In the most ancient OldTestament manuscripts,Gods true name isdepicted as YHWH,(a Hebrew theonymknown as thetetragrammaton ).
  9. 9. *In English, we knowGod’s name as Yahweh.
  10. 10. This lesson can help ustrust God as the Onefaithful God Who is able.
  11. 11. *In Hebrew thought, aname revealed somethingof the inner person.
  12. 12. *Names often reflect theparents’ desire that astheir children grow theywill develop exemplarycharacter.
  13. 13. *They want the names toreflect the children’suniqueness, theirindividuality.*The Scriptures containmany names for God.
  14. 14. *These multiple namessuggest that God cannotbe pressed into theperimeters of humanlanguage.
  15. 15. *He is much more thanany name or number ofnames can express.
  16. 16. *Yet the name by whichHe makes Himself known—Yahweh—isfoundational in ourlimited understanding ofHim.
  17. 17. The name Yahweh stressesthat God is personal,has always existed,is the Creator,is the only God,is adequate to meet needs,and does not change.
  18. 18. Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone Exodus 15:11-13
  19. 19. Yahweh PromisesExodus 6:2-8 HCSB2 “Then God spoke toMoses, telling him, “I amYahweh.3 I appeared to Abraham,Isaac, and Jacob as God
  20. 20. Almighty, but I did notreveal My name Yahwehto them.4 I also established Mycovenant with them togive them the land ofCanaan, the land they
  21. 21. lived in as foreigners.5 Furthermore, I haveheard the groaning of theIsraelites, whom theEgyptians are forcing towork as slaves, and Ihave remembered My
  22. 22. covenant.6 “Therefore tell theIsraelites: I am Yahweh,and I will deliver youfrom the forced labor ofthe Egyptians and freeyou from slavery to them.
  23. 23. I will redeem you withan outstretched arm andgreat acts of judgment.7 I will take you as Mypeople, and I will beyour God. You will knowthat I am Yahweh your
  24. 24. God, Who delivered youfrom the forced labor ofthe Egyptians.8 I will bring you to theland that I swore to giveto Abraham, Isaac, andJacob, and I will give it to
  25. 25. you as a possession. I amYahweh.” Exodus 6:2-8
  26. 26. *Later, as part of the TenCommandments inExodus 20:7, Godprohibited the misuse ofHis name (taking Hisname in vain).
  27. 27. Exodus 20:7 HCSB7 “Do not misuse thename of the Lord yourGod, becausethe Lord will not leaveanyone unpunished whomisuses His name.”
  28. 28. *The Jews came toconsider the name Yahwehso sacred they would notuse it but substituted theword Adonai (Lord) for it.
  29. 29. *The name Yahweh isbased on the Hebrew verb“to be” and is acombination of theconsonants YHWH andthe vowels of the wordAdonai (translated Lord).
  30. 30. Suggested translationsinclude:“I am what I am,”“I will be what I will be,”“I will continue to be Who I always have been,” and“I am He Who is.”
  31. 31. *An appealing suggestionis that the name means“I am what I will reveal toyou I am.”
  32. 32. *The difficulty of arrivingat a definite translationdemonstrates the mysteryGod retains for Himselfand the inadequacy ofwords to express Hisindescribable greatness.
  33. 33. *The name Yahweh firstappears in Genesis 2:4.
  34. 34. Genesis 2:44 “These are the records ofthe heavens and the earth,concerning their creation atthe time that the LORDGod made the earth andthe heavens.”
  35. 35. *The Amplified Bible usesthe name Yahweh for Godin Exodus 6:3  and calls it :the redemptive name ofGod.
  36. 36. *The Holman ChristianStandard Bible uses"Yahweh" over 50 times.*The only OT books itdoes not appear in are:Ecclesiastes, the Book ofEsther, and Song of Songs.
  37. 37. *The name expresses God’sexclusiveness andcovenant loyalty.1 Kings 8:23 NIV23 “O Lord, God of Israel,there is no God like You inheaven above or on earth
  38. 38. below—You Who keepYour covenant oflove with Your servantswho continuewholeheartedly in Yourway.” 1 Kings 8:23 NIV
  39. 39. *It also indicated that Godis not just a superiorpower or force but He is aPerson.
  40. 40. In the Old Testament, thename came to describe theGod Who was present tosave and supremely ableto deal with allcircumstances.
  41. 41. *In Genesis 17:1, Godidentified Himself toAbram as“God Almighty,”Who would establish Hiscovenant with Abram andfulfill His promise of a
  42. 42. son for Abram and Sarai.*The Hebrew termrendered God conveys thesense of strength, power,and separateness fromhumans.
  43. 43. *The word almighty hasthe idea of self-sufficiency.*The patriarchs (“firstfathers”) had known Godprimarily as the one andonly true God Who couldand would do what He
  44. 44. said He would do andwas to be approachedreverently.
  45. 45. *God’s statement that Hehad not revealed Hisname Yahweh to themdid not mean they weretotally unaware of thename (see Gen. 15:7).
  46. 46. Genesis 15:77 “He also said to him, ‘Iam Yahweh Who broughtyou from Ur of theChaldeans to give youthis land to possess.’”
  47. 47. *He likely meant Herelated to them in terms ofHis power to keep Hispromises to Abraham.*They may have knownthe name Yahweh but notwhat it revealed about
  48. 48. God’s nature.*In Exodus, He wouldrelate to His people notonly in terms of might butalso in terms of Hispresence with them.
  49. 49. Yesterday is the past,tomorrow is the future,today is a gift from God,that’s why we call it thePresent!
  50. 50. *In relationship with Him,they would continue tolearn about His nature asHe made Himself knownto them.
  51. 51. *God had established acovenant with Abrahamand extended it throughIsaac and Jacob, in whichHe promised to give themthe land of Canaan.
  52. 52. *Canaan lay between theMediterranean Sea andthe Jordan River.*From south to north, itstretched roughly fromthe Brook of Egypt to theEuphrates River.
  53. 53. *In Genesis 17:8, Godpromised to give Canaanto Abraham and hisdescendants.*Abraham, Isaac, Jacob,and their families hadlived in the land as
  54. 54. foreigners (literally, “theland of their sojourning”).*They ownedconsiderable resourcesbut still were aliens in theland.
  55. 55. *In addition to havingestablished His covenantwith the patriarchs, Godhad heard the groaningof the Israelites as theytoiled in forced laborunder the Egyptians.
  56. 56. *That God heard meantHe was attentive to theIsraelites’ plight, implyingan answer of help.*His statement, “I haveremembered Mycovenant,” does not mean
  57. 57. the covenant had slippedHis mind, that He hadforgotten.*Remembered has thesense of readiness to act.*God was about to fulfillHis covenant promises.
  58. 58. *God directed Moses totell the Israelites thatYahweh—the covenant-making, covenant-keeping God—wouldrescue them fromEgyptian slavery.
  59. 59. *Their forced labor wasabout to end.*By His sovereign power(outstretched arm) andmighty acts of judgmenton Egypt, Yahweh wouldredeem them from the
  60. 60. Egyptians’ iron grip.*Redeem comes from aHebrew term that means“kinsman redeemer,” theclosest of kin whoseresponsibilities includedavenging his kinsman’s
  61. 61. death, marrying hiskinsman’s widow toproduce a son to extendthe family name, buyingback land that had beensold, and freeing hiskinsman from bondage.
  62. 62. *That God would act asthe Israelites’ kinsman-redeemer stressed twotruths:(1) The relationshipbetween God and Hispeople was as close and
  63. 63. personal as familyrelationships.(2) God would go to anylengths and make anysacrifice to free Hispeople.
  64. 64. *The kinsman-redeemer isalso seen in the book ofRuth where Boaz is thekinsman-redeemer whomarries Ruth.*The kinsman-redeemer isa picture of Jesus Christ!
  65. 65. *The exodus of theHebrews from Egypt andtheir return to thepromised land constituteson of the most remarkableliberations in worldhistory.
  66. 66. *The exodus makes up anintegral part of Biblicalfaith in both Testaments.*There arose a Pharaohwho knew not Joseph(Exodus 1:8) and had noappreciation that Joseph
  67. 67. had interpreted adream for a previousPharaoh that averted anational crisis (Genesis41).
  68. 68. The land of Goshen inEgypt, was located east ofthe Nile River (otherwisethe Israelites would havehad to also cross the Nileat the time of the Exodus).
  69. 69. Goshen was the capitalregion and theagricultural heartland ofthe nation.
  70. 70. *The geographicallocation of the Hebrewscaused additional concernfor this new Pharaoh sincethey lived east of Egypt inGoshen.
  71. 71. *Most of Egypt’s enemiescame from the east andthe Pharaoh knew that thenumerous Hebrews mightunite with an enemy thatcame from the east.
  72. 72. *Inexplicably andmercilessly, Pharaohenslaved them!*Exodus 1:9-14 says: 9  “Pharaoh said to hispeople, “Look, theIsraelite people are more
  73. 73. numerous and powerfulthan we are.10 Let us deal shrewdlywith them; otherwise theywill multiply further, andif war breaks out, theymay join our enemies,
  74. 74. fight against us, and leavethe country.” 11 So the Egyptiansassigned taskmasters overthe Israelites to oppressthem with forced labor.
  75. 75. 12 But the more theyoppressed them, the morethey multiplied andspread so that theEgyptians came todread the Israelites. 
  76. 76. 13 They worked theIsraelites ruthlessly 14 and made their livesbitter with difficult laborin brick and mortar andin all kinds of fieldwork.
  77. 77. They ruthlessly imposedall this work on them.” Exodus 1:9-14
  78. 78. Exodus 3:11-1611 “But Moses asked God,“Who am I that I shouldgo to Pharaoh and that Ishould bring the Israelitesout of Egypt?”
  79. 79. 12 He answered, “I willcertainly be with you, andthis will be the sign to youthat I have sent you: whenyou bring the people outof Egypt, you will allworship God at this
  80. 80. mountain.”13 Then Moses asked God,“If I go to the Israelites andsay to them: The God ofyour fathers has sent me toyou, and they ask me,‘What is His name?’
  81. 81. what should I tell them?”14 God replied to Moses,“I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are tosay to the Israelites: I AMhas sent me to you.”
  82. 82. 15 God also said to Moses,“Say this to the Israelites:Yahweh, the God of yourfathers, the God ofAbraham, the God ofIsaac, and the God ofJacob, has sent me to you.
  83. 83. This is My nameforever; this is how I amto be remembered inevery generation.
  84. 84. 16 “Go and assemble theelders of Israel and say tothem: Yahweh, the God ofyour fathers, the God ofAbraham, Isaac, andJacob, has appeared to meand said: I have paid close
  85. 85. attention to you and towhat has been done toyou in Egypt.” Exodus 3:11-16
  86. 86. Exodus 5:1-21 “Later, Moses andAaron went in and said toPharaoh, “This is whatYahweh, the God of Israel,says: Let My people go, sothat they may hold a
  87. 87. festival for Me in thewilderness.”2 But Pharaoh responded,“Who is Yahweh that Ishould obey Him byletting Israel go? I do notknow anything about
  88. 88. Yahweh, and besides, Iwill not let Israel go.” Exodus 5:1-2
  89. 89. *Each of the ten plaquescorresponded to a godthat the Egyptiansworshiped so God wasshowing His absoluteauthority over each one ofthem.
  90. 90. In addition to the deathknell for Egyptian beliefs,might the plaques haveserved another purpose?The answer is, yes.Loudly and clearly, theplagues answered
  91. 91. Pharaoh’s question:“Who is Yahweh?”*Two conclusions appearobvious: The plaguescommunicatedYahweh’s sovereignty andYahweh’s power.
  92. 92. *The plagues changedPharaoh’s belief regardingthe power and thesovereignty of Yahweh.
  93. 93. *When the plaguesconcluded, Pharaoh hadthe answer to hisquestion,“Who is Yahweh?”*The Exodus occurredabout 1446 B.C.
  94. 94. *The Exodus, with theplagues, represent morethan the central event ofthe OT.*They remind subsequentgenerations of God’ssovereignty and power.
  95. 95. In delivering the Israelitesfrom Egyptian slavery,God would make themHis covenant people.*The covenant involvedmutual responsibilities:God would take them as
  96. 96. His people.*The Hebrew wordtranslated take could havethe ideas of buying,taking in marriage, andacquiring for oneself.
  97. 97. *God would redeem theIsraelites for relationshipwith Him.*In turn, they wouldrecognize Him as theirGod.
  98. 98. “I will be your God”expressed God’s closerelationship with Hispeople and His singularright to them.*Through His redemptiveactivity, the Israelites
  99. 99. would know byexperience He was theircovenant God.*Delivering them from theforced labor of theEgyptians woulddemonstrate His reality
  100. 100. and power as the one trueGod.*It also would stand asirrefutable historicalevidence of His entering acovenant with them.
  101. 101. *God stressed He wouldtake the Israelites toCanaan, the land He hadsworn to give thepatriarchs.*He would fulfill thecovenant promise to
  102. 102. which He referred inverse 4.*The Hebrew termrendered swore ispicturesque.*It means “lifted up thehand” as a gesture in
  103. 103. affirming an oath.*God vowed to keep Hisword that He would giveCanaan to the Israelites asa possession.*For the fourth time inverses 2-8, God affirmed:
  104. 104. “I am Yahweh” (see vv.2,6,7).*He is; He is the only God;and He is the God Whomakes and keepscovenant promises.
  105. 105. *Proverbs 3:5-6 discloses afoundational truth inrelationship with God.Under His inspiration, thewriter advised:5 “Trust in the Lord withall your heart
  106. 106. And do not lean on yourown understanding.6 In all yourways acknowledge Him,And He will make yourpaths straight.” Proverbs 3:5-6 NASB
  107. 107. *Faith in the covenantGod—focusing life onHim—will be met withHis provision for rightliving.*He is present and activein His people’s lives.
  108. 108. We can count on thatScriptural promise!*God wants a personal,covenant relationshipwith all people, includingyou and me.
  109. 109. *His promises to usdemonstrate He wants tobe involved in our lives.*We discover Hispromises by reading andstudying His Word.
  110. 110. Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone Exodus 15:11-13
  111. 111. Exodus 15:1-31 “Then Moses and theIsraelites sang this songto the Lord. They said:‘I will sing to the Lord,for He is highly exalted;He has thrown the horse
  112. 112. and its rider into the sea.2 The Lord is my strengthand my song;He has become mysalvation.This is my God, and Iwill praise Him,
  113. 113. my father’s God, and Iwill exalt Him.3 The Lord is a warrior;Yahweh is His name.” Exodus 15:1-3
  114. 114. *Pharaoh refused to freethe Israelites, but througha series of 10 plagues(blows or strokes) againstthe Egyptians, Godeffected their release.
  115. 115. *Pharaoh and his peopleurged the Israelites toleave; they did so quickly.*As the Israelites traveledtoward the Red Sea,Pharaoh had secondthoughts about losing
  116. 116. such a large number offorced laborers.*He and a large militarycontingent pursued theIsraelites, overtakingthem on the Red Seashores.
  117. 117. *God miraculously partedthe sea so His peoplecould cross safely to theother side.
  118. 118. *When the Egyptianspursued them, the wallsof water collapsed,drowning Pharaoh’sentire force.
  119. 119. *Rescued from theiroppressors, the Israelitescelebrated God’s greatvictory on their behalf.
  120. 120. Perhaps it would be good toremember that just as Godcared for His ancientpeople, He cares for ustoday!  David, the ShepherdKing of Israel once declared-- "This I know, that God isFOR me."  Psalm 56:9
  121. 121. *Moses and the Israelitessang a song to the Lord(Yahweh).*With profound relief, joy,and gratitude, they liftedtheir voices in praise toGod for His mighty
  122. 122. redemptive act.*It probably is the oldestwritten record of theexodus event.*The singers addressedtheir hymn to the Lord—Yahweh, Who had kept
  123. 123. His promise to free themfrom slavery (see Ex. 6:6).*The song was about Him,not them.“For He is highly exalted”can be translated “for Hehas triumphed
  124. 124. gloriously.”*The Hebrew termrendered exalted means“has risen up” (as a wave,the swelling of the sea)and projects a majesticimage.
  125. 125. The Red Sea’s sweepingover Pharaoh’s forcesdemonstrated Yahweh’smajestic sovereignty.
  126. 126. *Verses 2-3 constitute astatement concerningGod’s nature.*The singers celebratedthe Lord (Yah, ashortened form ofYahweh) as the Source of
  127. 127. their strength (might) andas their song—either thereason for or the subject oftheir song.*He had become theirsalvation.
  128. 128. *Here the term salvationspecifies liberation in apolitical or military sense.*It comes from a wordthat means “to make wideor spacious.”
  129. 129. *The term the singersused presents the idea ofvictory God had gained.*The Israelites enjoyedfreedom or ease becauseof God’s work on theirbehalf.
  130. 130. *He had acted for theirwelfare and safety.*This mighty Delivererwas the people’s God, theGod the patriarchsworshiped.
  131. 131. *The Hebrew words forGod reflect His strengthor power (see 6:3).*The sovereign God alsowas the covenant,redeemer God.
  132. 132. *The singers depicted Godas a mighty warrior Whowielded His power tovanquish His enemies.*They affirmed thatthrough the exodus, theircovenant God had given
  133. 133. clear evidence of Hissovereign might.*God keeps every promiseHe makes.*His consistency in doingso gives us strength andencouragement.
  134. 134. *It provides confidence aswe face the future.*Our proper response toHis keeping His word iscontinuing praise.
  135. 135. Focal Passages:Yahweh Promises Exodus 6:2-8Yahweh Keeps HisPromises Exodus 15:1-3Yahweh Stands Alone Exodus 15:11-13
  136. 136. Exodus 15:11-1311 “Lord, who is like Youamong the gods?Who is like You, gloriousin holiness,revered with praises,performing wonders?
  137. 137. 12 You stretched out Yourright hand, and the earthswallowed them.13 You will lead thepeople You haveredeemed with Yourfaithful love;
  138. 138. You will guide them toYour holy dwellingwith Your strength.” Exodus 15:11-13
  139. 139. In verses 4-10, inpicturesque, poeticlanguage, the joyful songof praise to Yahwehchronicled the destructionof Pharaoh’s army in theRed Sea.
  140. 140. *Throughout the hymn,the focus is on Yahwehand His redemptiveaction.*Verse 11 contains tworhetorical questions(“Who is like You … ?”)
  141. 141. whose expected answersare “No one!”*No one among the godswas like Yahweh.*He was in a class byHimself, with no peers.
  142. 142. 1 Kings 8:23 NIV23“O Lord, God of Israel,there is no God like Youin heaven above or onearth below—You Whokeep Your covenant oflove
  143. 143. with Your servants whocontinue wholeheartedlyin Your way.” 1 Kings 8:23 NIV
  144. 144. *The Israelites did notacknowledge other gods’existence; other nations’so-called gods werefictional.*Yahweh alone is the true,living God; all other
  145. 145. proposed gods were false.*Only Yahweh is gloriousin holiness.*The Hebrew termrendered glorious meansgreat, high, noble.
  146. 146. *It conveys the sense ofunparalleled exaltation.*The word holiness hasthe idea of God’sseparateness, His beingother than human.
  147. 147. *He was to be approachedwith reverential cautionand praises (recognitionof His awe-inspiringdeeds), for He hadperformed wonders(extraordinary acts).
  148. 148. *Yahweh stretched outHis right hand (exertedHis might), and theEgyptians perished.*The singers used humanterms to describe God’sredeeming act for them.
  149. 149. *Because most peoplewere right-handed andused that hand forweapons, the phrase righthand signified strengthand victory.
  150. 150. Hebrews 1:3 NIV3 “The Son is the radianceof God’s glory and theexact representation ofHis being, sustaining allthings by His powerfulword.
  151. 151. After He had providedpurification for sins, Hesat down at the right handof the Majesty in heaven.” Hebrews 1:3 NIV
  152. 152. Seated at Gods RightHand -has less to do with seatingarrangement andeverything to do withauthority.
  153. 153. “My right hand man"comes from this conceptbecause if you are atsomeones "right hand",you are working underthe authority of the oneyou represent.
  154. 154. We know from manyverses in the NewTestament that Christ isnow seated at the righthand of God.
  155. 155. Romans 8:3434“Christ Jesus is the OneWho died, but even more,has been raised;He also is at the righthand of Godand intercedes for us.”
  156. 156. Ephesians 1:2020 “He demonstrated thispower in the Messiah byraising Him from thedead and seating Him atHis right hand in theheavens”
  157. 157. Once this concept isestablished, take a walkthrough the OldTestament and find theverses that mention Godsright hand.
  158. 158. *We know Christ waswith God before His FirstAdvent on earth.*Therefore, Christ wasalways at Gods righthand.
  159. 159. *Since this is the case,many many verses of theOT open up to a newunderstanding.*The book of Psalms isamazingly prophetic!
  160. 160. Psalm 20:66 “Now I know that theLord gives victory to Hisanointed; He will answerhim from His holy heavenwith mighty victoriesfrom His right hand.”
  161. 161. Who saves mankind?Christ!Whos the saving might ofGods right hand?Christ!
  162. 162. Psalm 60:55 “Save with Your righthand, and answer me,so that those You lovemay be rescued.”
  163. 163. Salvation is throughChrist alone, as there is noother name underHeaven, given amongmen, by which we mustbe saved!
  164. 164. Psalm 80:1717 “Let Your hand be withthe Man at Your righthand,with the Son of ManYou have made strong forYourself.”
  165. 165. Psalm 110:11 This is the declaration ofthe Lord (Yahweh – God)to my Lord (Yeshua): “Sitat My right hand until Imake Your enemies Yourfootstool.”
  166. 166. Ephesians 1:33 “Praise the God andFather of our Lord JesusChrist, Who has blessedus in Christ with everyspiritual blessing in theheavens”
  167. 167. Ephesians 2:66 “Together with ChristJesus He also raised us upand seated us in theheavens,”
  168. 168. Revelation 3:20-2120 “Listen! I stand at thedoor and knock. If anyonehears My voice and opensthe door, I will come in tohim and have dinner withhim, and he with Me.
  169. 169. 21 The victor: I will givehim the right to sit withMe on My throne, just as Ialso won the victory andsat down with My Fatheron His throne.”
  170. 170. *This one verse isrevolutionary inunderstanding our FULLINHERITANCE in Christ.*We have established thatChrist sat down at theright hand of God.
  171. 171. *This means He has all theauthority of God.*Christ grants His Churchto sit at His right hand,thus giving the Church allthe authority of Christ!*This is amazing.
  172. 172. *Astounding!*Something everyChristian needs tounderstand.*Were not just purchasedout of Hell, but given aglorious seat in the
  173. 173. heavenlies, right next toChrist, Who is right nextto the Father.*Not even the angels canboast of that!
  174. 174. *When we accept Him, webecome like Him.*Not "gods", but sons ofGod, and co-heirs withChrist (Romans 8:17).
  175. 175. *God exercised Hisawesome power to freeHis people.*The words the earthswallowed them couldrefer to the Red Sea’srolling over the Egyptians
  176. 176. or to their entering Sheol,the place of the departeddead.
  177. 177. The Israelites expressedtheir confidence thatYahweh, Who had freedthem from slavery, wouldcontinue to lead themwith His faithful love.
  178. 178. The Hebrew termrendered faithful lovealmost eludes translation.It conveys the sense ofGod’s covenant loyalty,His unfailing constancy inHis relationship with the
  179. 179. Israelites.*It has been rendered“lovingkindness,”“steadfast love,” and“mercy.”*It is the closest OTequivalent to the NT term
  180. 180. grace.*Coupled with Yahweh’sconstant love would beHis sovereign power(strength), which wouldguide them to His holydwelling.
  181. 181. *One view is that thephrase holy dwellingrefers to the futureJerusalem sanctuary.*The reference could alsobe to Canaan.
  182. 182. *The Hebrew termrendered dwelling means“meadow” or “pasture”and then poetically“home.”*Thus the whole land ofCanaan, the land God had
  183. 183. promised the Israelites,was the place set apart forGod’s residing in themidst of His people.*They had begun theirjourney to their home.
  184. 184. *Verses 14-17 of theIsraelites’ song rehearseshow God “will … plant”His people in the land.*In Hebrew, verses 14-16can read as presenting thejourney through the
  185. 185. wilderness as alreadyaccomplished, and verse17 pictures the fulfillmentof God’s purpose: to bringHis people to Canaan andestablish them there,perhaps with specific
  186. 186. reference to Jerusalem.Some interpreters havesuggested references toMount Zion andSolomon’s temple, whileothers have opted for themore general reference to
  187. 187. the Israelites’ settling inthe whole land of Canaan.*Moses and the Israelites’song concluded with aresounding affirmation ofGod’s absolute rule.
  188. 188. *“The Lord” (Yahweh)would reign as King“forever and ever” (v. 18).*Implied was theIsraelites’ submission toHis authority.
  189. 189. *They did not always liveup to their covenantobligation to be God’sloyal subjects, but theybegan with a recognitionof His kingship.
  190. 190. *Verse 19 is a narrativeaccount reemphasizingGod’s making a waythrough the sea for theIsraelites.
  191. 191. *In response to Hisredemptive act, Miriam,“Aaron’s sister” and a“prophetess,” led thewomen as they playedtambourines and she sanga song exalting God for
  192. 192. His victory overPharaoh’s forces (vv. 20-21).
  193. 193. *Miriam’s song reflectsthe words Moses and thepeople sang in verse 1.*In ancient times, womenoften went out to greetreturning victoriouswarriors, singing and
  194. 194. rejoicing in triumph.*Here the action likelywas spontaneous, and thesong celebrated God’svictory.
  195. 195. *In the hymn, “How GreatThou Art,” the writerbegan stanza one byaddressing God inwonder, then he reflectedon God’s creative powerand His displays of that
  196. 196. power in the universe.*When the writer did so,he exulted into song muchas the Israelites did.*Then he repeated thewords for emphasis.
  197. 197. *We celebrate God’sgreatness as our Lord andour God—and the OneWho has provided oursalvation.
  198. 198. *The Bible makes clearthat God is God alone.*He is the only One weshould worship.*Other religions’ claimsneed not intimidate us.
  199. 199. *The Christian faith’sexclusivity means we donot accept the idea ofother gods, but we respectothers’ right to holddiffering views.
  200. 200. *Praise God as the OneWho stands alone, likewhom there is no other.*If God has answered apromise to you,incorporate that into yourpraise.
  201. 201. Biblical Truths• God has made Himselfknown as the sovereign,covenant-making,covenant-keeping God.
  202. 202. • God’s promisesdemonstrate that Hewants to be involved inour lives.
  203. 203. • God always keeps Hispromises, and His doingso gives usencouragement andstrength.
  204. 204. • Because God is Godalone, He is the only Onewe should worship.• The one true Godextends Hislovingkindness, Hismercy, to us.
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