When most people think of trout on Cape Cod, they think of stocked fish in the kettle ponds. But… there is also a native trout: The Eastern Brook Trout.
Cape Cod geology creates cold spring-fed streams Several streams historically had brook trout Pop decline beginning 1800s
What these do- warm rivers, hinder migration, change riverbed, increase food competition. Maybe not say, but know: Dams- mill dams- silt accumulation, block movement Bogs- sand, warming, chemicals Dev’t- esp. municipal wells taking water Introduced species- brownies
Since early 80s…
Some fish have distinctive metallic sheen, suggestive of salter behavior Emphasize differences between these fish Research suggests distinct behaviors may still exist, but extent unknown So…
What this study aims to find out…
Like highway scanner…except no traffic! At head of tide, interface between river and more estuarine habitat. Constantly working
Observed “movements”: Add % of each behavioral type?
Mention TU financial/voluneer contributions, Fran financial/volunteer contributions Mass/RI Council Cape Cod SE Mass and Boston chapters
Transcript of "Early SRBTC Presentation"
About this Presentation
• Created by Michael Hopper and Geoffrey Day
• Many slides came from Steve Hurley, South
East District Manager, Mass Wildlife
– Presentation was originally to the Squan-a-Tissit
Chapter of Trout Unlimited in approximately 2010
– Michael Hopper, Geof Day, Warren Winders and
Steve Angers began formally working on creating the
Sea Run Brook Trout Coalition in 2009 with formal
501-c-3 recognition granted in 2011.
– Learn more about SRBTC at www.searunbrookie.org
Red Brook is a 4.5 mile long salter brook trout
The headwaters are owned by cranberry growers, the
A.D. Makepeace Co.
The stream then runs through the Red Brook
Wildlife Management Unit.
The brook enters Buttermilk Bay at the Lyman
Reserve, owned by the Trustees of Reservations.
Red Brook Reserve totals 1,100+ acres, is jointly
managed by TTOR, MassWildlife and TU.
Road culverts may act as mini dams
and impact fish passage
Prevent Fish From
Previous Work on Quashnet
- Annual census (Hurley, MA DFW)
Total Number of Fish Sampled
end of brown trout stocking
Identify what migration patterns exist today
How many fish move?
What size fish move?
How far do fish move within the river?
at head of tide
Quashnet data recorder and
batteries in the “Box”
• Can be used throughout river
• Will be used in future research
Spawning season – frequent up and down
movements, pattern continues throughout day
Observed Brook Trout Behaviors
Commuter - regularly scheduled movements.
Out at dusk, in before sunrise.
Migrants – Active, then no records for over
Spawning activity- frequent up and down movements
pattern continues throughout day
Migrant- Active, then no records for over
a monthCommuter- regularly scheduled movements.
Out at dusk, in before sunrise
November December January February
• Small dam removal at Red Brook
• Work performed by A.D. Makepeace Co.,
Massachusetts Division of Ecological
Restoration (Riverways Program),
American Rivers, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, and others
• September 2006
• No brook trout
• Habitat was suitable
but trout broodstock
• 19 trout moved from
Quashnet River on June
• PIT tagged
• Adult fish 145 to 249 mm
• Included 3 recaptured
Brook Trout Transplantation
Childs River June 4
• 7245232 174 mm
• Released into Childs
River June 4 2008
• No records until Nov.
• Headed upstream on
• Several detections in
March at Rt 28
• 3.7 miles through salt
water of Waquoit Bay
• Relocated in Childs
River Aug. 2009
Brook Trout Reproduction
confirmed in March 2009
Report of Frank Weston Benson
(1862 - 1951)
• April 2, 1893 -All drove to
Fresh Brook, South Wellfleet
to try for Trout. Tied the Horse
and fished down stream to the
Railroad [bridge]. In the pool
above the track F.W.B. [Frank
W. Benson] caught a half
pounder, then another half
pounder then a one pounder.
The others arrived and we
caught from the pool 13 more
fine Trout… The 15 fish
weighed 17 pounds after they
were brought home and
Fresh Brook – Wellfleet
(AKA Trout Brook)
• 1914 Warden Report E.B. Mercata
-Excellent fishing, has been
stocked, never dries up
• Mullan, James W. 1957. A
fisheries investigation of Cape Cod
coastal streams “fishermen report
fair trout fishing last year (1955)
Fresh Brook - Wellfleet
• No recent reports of trout
• 2008 Electrofishing
• American eel
• Largemouth bass
Fresh Brook Wellfleet
Potential for coldwater restoration
• Blocked culverts under
old railroad now Cape
Cod Rail Trail
• Tidal restrictions at Route
• Primarily on Cape Cod
• Early signs of support
from CCNS, Mass
Audubon, town officials
Future Salter Trout From Fresh
Brook in Wellflleet??
• Steve Hurley, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and
• USGS Conte Anadromous Fish Laboratory: Ben
Letcher, Todd Dubreuil, Matt O’Donnell
• Waquoit Bay NERR: Brendan Annett and Morgan Potter
• Trout Unlimited
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