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937036 634375567238747500

  1. 1. Status of Women in Education Done by, G.P.Rubia Amal
  2. 2. Value of womens education• NO COUNTRY can achieve development without educating her women. The education of women is as important as that of men. It can even be said that educating women is of greater importance. If we educate a woman, we educate a family. An educated woman can perform her duties with great efficiency. She can run her family in a better manner and can help her children in their studies also. Moreover, if a woman is educated she is treated with respect. She has not to lead a life of dependence on men, since she can earn her own living (bread and butter). Education fills her with confidence and she is able to win her due place in society.   
  3. 3. • Today, government has become aware that  female education is as important as that of men.  A Sanskrit shaloka says that “a woman is under  the guardianship of her father before marriage  dependant on her husband after her marriage  and on her son after the death of her husband."  But this attitude of treating a woman as a ward  or a dependent has been in existence for  centuries. But now all these have changed. With  the spread of education women have now begun  to claim equality with men.    
  4. 4. • Access to education has been  one of the most pressing  demands of theses womens  rights movements. Womens  education in India has also  been a major preoccupation of  both the government and civil  society as educated women  can play a very important role  in the development of the  country. 
  5. 5. History of Womens Education in India• Vedic period :-   Although in the Vedic period women had access to education in India, they had gradually lost this right. However, in the British period there was revival of interest in womens education in India. During this period, various socio religious movements led by eminent persons like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar emphasized on womens education in India. Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Periyar and Baba Saheb Ambedkar were leaders of the lower castes in India who took various initiatives to make education available to the women of India.
  6. 6. • However womens education got a fillip after the country got independence in 1947 and the government has taken various measures to provide education to all Indian women. As a result womens literacy rate has grown over the three decades and the growth of female literacy has in fact been higher than that of male literacy rate. While in 1971 only 22% of Indian women were literate, by the end of 2001 54.16% female were literate. The growth of female literacy rate is 14.87% as compared to 11.72 % of that of male literacy rate. 
  7. 7. Importance of Womens Education in India: • Womens education in India plays a very important role in the overall development of the country. It not only helps in the development of half of the human resources, but in improving the quality of life at home and outside. Educated women not only tend to promote education of their girl children, but also can provide better guidance to all their children. Moreover educated women can also help in the reduction of infant mortality rate and growth of the population. 
  8. 8. Gender discrimination• Gender discrimination still persists in India and lot more  needs to be done in the field of womens education in  India. The gap in the male-female literacy rate is just a  simple indicator. While the male literary rate is more than  75% according to the 2001 census, the female literacy  rate is just 54.16%. Prevailing prejudices, low enrollment of girl child in the  schools, engagements of girl children in domestic works  and high drop out rate are major obstacles in the path of  making all Indian women educated.  
  9. 9. Women Education in Ancient India • It is believed that women in ancient India enjoyed education in the Vedic period. Patanjali in his works suggests that women had education during the beginning of the Vedic age. Maitreyi and Gargi are mentioned in the Rig Ved and Upanisads.• However the decline began from the 5 century BC with Smritis and further in the medieval ages with the purdah system, child marriages etc restricting women from equal status with men.• The Bhakti movement questioned some of the forms of oppression amd traditions like sati, jauhar and devadasi have been banned. The Constitution of India guarantees the right to equality to all Indian women without discrimination.• The literacy rate before independence was 2-6% rose in 1961 to 15.3% and 50% by the year 2001
  10. 10. Women Education in India today• Kerala and Mizoram are the only states in India that have achieved universal female literacy rates. The improvement in social and economic status of women is said to be one of the reasons for literacy. In cities the literacy rate is almost equal between girls and boys in the country. However the rate in rural areas continues to be less than the boys. Hence 40% of the centers under NFE, non formal education programs are set apart for women.• According to statistics of women education in India today 0.3 million NFE centers have provided education to 0.12 million girls out of 7.42 million children. However in tribal areas there is not much of a gender bias as compared to all other castes, tribal community statistics show lower male ratio inspite of much low income, literacy, education and other facilities. Several efforts are being made towards women education and empowerment.• The government is taking steps to increase the rate of women education and employment. Students preparing for women education essay can find details and information on importance of women education, women education today, women education in ancient India on several websites of education.
  11. 11. NGOs for Women• Several non governmental organisations NGOs have been instrumental in promoting women education, health and other important aspects necessary for women in India.• Missionary schools continue to offer yeoman service in hundreds of schools in the country.• Chetanalaya in Delhi is an NGO that offers non- formal education to empower women in several spheres such as health, income-generation, saving schemes etc.• The UNICEF as well as other international organizations contribute towards quality education of women in India.• The Jhabua district saw 22 mobile schools offering formal education through tents to tribal and migrant people of the district. 3,600 child laborers were brought to mainstream education in Tamil Nadu with the help of UNICEF support.• The NGOs that work for women empowerment in India are several, as they assist in women education against the prevalent evils in society viz. the dowry system, violence against women, gender bias etc. Several Mahila Mandals also empower women through offering women 
  12. 12. Muthulakshmi: Indias first woman doctor had a hea • Muthulakshmi was the first woman doctor in India. She had earlier been advised not to appear for the very difficult M.B and C.M. course but she had prevailed and shocked everyone by getting the 100 per cent result in surgery and most of the merit medals and prizes of that year. This was at a time when some professors did not even allow women to sit in their class. They would ask junior lecturers to take classes for girls separately.  She later became active in the social arena and was the prime mover behind the legislation that abolished the system of dedicating young girls to temples (devadasi) and played a role in raising the minimum marriage age for women.  She founded the Cancer Institute (WIA) in Madras and Avvai Home, the first institute in Madras to admit and educate poor and destitute girls with no caste bias.
  13. 13. Abala, Lady Bose  • Abala, Lady Bose (Bengali:  Ôbola Boshu) (April 8, 1864 – August  26, 1951) was a social worker well-known for her efforts in the field  of women’s education and her contribution towards the alleviation of  the condition of widows.[1]• She was amongst the early students of Banga Mahila Vidyalaya  and Bethune School (established byBethune), and passed entrance  with a scholarship in 1881. As she could not secure admission  toCalcutta Medical College, being a woman, she went to Madras  (Now Chennai) in 1882 on Bengal government scholarship to study  medicine but had to give up because of ill health. She was married  in 1887.[1]• She was one of the early feminists, apart from being an  educationist. Writing in the Modern Review, a leading English  magazine in those days, she argued that women should have a  deeper and extended education. ‘not because we may make better  matches for our girls… not even that the services of the daughter-in- law may be more valuable in the home of her adoption, but because  a woman like a man is first of all a mind, and only in the second  place physical and a body.’ It was from her that Kamini Roy, who  studied with her in Bethune School, picked up the threads of her  feminism.[2] Upon her husbands knighthood in 1916, she became  Lady Bose.
  14. 14. Educating women leads to:?
  15. 15. ICICI CEO – CHANDA KOCHHAR   • [ Date : Jun 29th, 2010 ] • Chanda Kochhar (born November 17, 1961) is currently the Managing Director (MD) of ICICI Bank and Chief Executive Officer (CEO). ICICI Bank is India’s largest private bank and overall fourth largest bank in the country. She also heads the Corporate Centre of ICICI Bank. Kochhar has also consistently figured in Fortune’s list of “Most Powerful Women in Business” since 2005. In 2009, she debuted at number 20 in the Forbes “World’s 100 Most Powerful Women list”. • Early life • Chanda Kochhar was born in Jodhpur, Rajasthan and raised in Jaipur, Rajasthan. She then moved to Mumbai, where she joined Jai Hind College for a Bachelor of Arts degree. After graduating in 1982 she then pursued MBA and Cost Accountancy(ICWAI). Later, she acquired the Masters Degree in Management Studies from the prestigious Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai. She received the Wockhardt Gold Medal for Excellence in Management Studies as well as the J. N. Bose Gold Medal in Cost Accountancy for highest marks in the same year.
  17. 17. Early life and career• Indra Nooyi was born in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. She completed her schooling from Holy Angels AIHSS, Chennai. She received a Bachelor’s degree in Commerce from Madras Christian College in 1974 and a Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA) from Indian Institute of Management Calcutta in 1976. Beginning her career in India, Nooyi held product manager positions at Johnson & Johnson and textile firm Mettur Beardsell. She was admitted to Yale School of Management in 1978 and earned a Master’s degree in Public and Private Management. Graduating in 1980, Nooyi joined the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), and then held strategy positions at Motorola and Asea Brown Boveri.
  18. 18. Sep 17, 2012 19
  19. 19. conclusion• Women of present is much liberated than  the past. The statue of woman has  undergone a great change today. They  are making sincere efforts to rise in all  spheres of life. Women have proved to be  more responsible and work with great  dedication