The Role of Women in India

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The Role of Women in India

  1. 1. Role  of  Women  in  India   Portrayal  of  women‘s  situa2on    in  the  Indian  society   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   0  
  2. 2. Content   !    Recent  situa2on   !    Reasons  for  Discrimina2on   !    Ways  of  Discrimina2on   !    Legisla2on  of  Women   !    Op2mis2c  Outlook   !    Future  Prospects   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   1  
  3. 3. „I  am  a  man  because  I  have  the  right  and  power  to  molest  a   teenager  and  abet  her  to  commit  suicide.  I  am  a  man  because  I   have  the  courage  to  throw  acid  on  any  girl  who  refuses  to  marry   me.  I  am  a  man  because  I  have  the  audacity  of  ripping  apart  the   modesty  of  the  girl  next  door.  Finally,  I  am  a  man  because  I  was   born  in  India,  the  land  which  gives  uncondi=onal  supremacy  to   its  masculine  gender  right  from  incep=on  of  life.  In  fact,  I  was   allowed  to  be  born  because  I  was  a  man!“     –  Dr.  Shah  Alam  Khan   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   2  
  4. 4. 06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;    Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   3   Source:  google.com  
  5. 5. Reasons  of  Discrimina:on     Religion   Patriarchy   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   4  
  6. 6. Religion       „Warrant  birth  of  girls  somewhere  else,   over  here  just  warrant  birth  of  boys.“   -­‐  Atharva  Veda   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   5  
  7. 7. Patriarchy   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   6   Con:nuity  of  the  Family  Name   Religious   reasons   Economical   reasons  
  8. 8. Ways  of  Discrimina:on   !    Abor2on   !    Malnutri2on   !    Marriages   !    Educa2on   !    Objec2fica2on   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   7  
  9. 9. Abor:on   Prenatal  Determina2on  Act  1994  bans  ultrasounds  and    sonograms  for  the  purpose  of  abor2on   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   8  
  10. 10. Malnutri:on   !    50%  of  all  Indians  girls  are     clinically  underweight     !    shorter  periods  of     breasVeeding,  worse  food   quality  for  girls     !    last  to  eat,  last  to  recieve     medical  aZen2on     06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   9  
  11. 11. Marriages   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   10   Early   marriage   Marriage   customs   „Happy   marriage“  -­‐   Illusion  
  12. 12. Educa:on   !    literacy  rate  of  girls  is  20%  lower  than  boys   !    only  7%  girls  receive  higher  educa2on   !    30%  lower  wages  in  similar  posi2ons     06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   11   Source:  World  Economic  Forum;  The  Global  Gender  Gap  Report  2011    
  13. 13. Objec:fica:on   !    High  rate  of  domes2c  violence   !    Sexual  harassment   !    Blame  for  rape  incidents   !    Child  witnesses   !    Miscarriages  because  of  rape     06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   12  
  14. 14. „Women  make  up  half  of  the  world‘s  popula=on,  so  at  least   two-­‐thirds  of  the  world‘s  work,  and  own  just  one  percent  of  the   world‘s  property.“   -­‐  Bina  Agarwal   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   13  
  15. 15. Legisla:on  of  Women   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   14   Age  of   Consent   Protec2on  of   Children  from   Sexual  Offence   Act,  2012   New  Law   Against   Rape   Property   Rights   Hindu  Succession   Act,  1956  
  16. 16. Op:mis:c  Outlook   !    women  power  in  extended  families   !    non-­‐awareness  of  discrimina2on  within  the  houshold   !    rise  in  self-­‐esteem  and  autonomy  with  higher  educa2on   !    changes  in  the  labour  force   !    reserva2on  of  posi2ons  in  panchaya=  raj  ins2tu2ons   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   15  
  17. 17. Future  prospects         „  How  can  poli=cians  be  believed  when  there  are  six  elected  state   legislators  who  have  charges  of  rape  against  them?“   -­‐  Sou:k  Biswas   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   16  
  18. 18. 06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   17  
  19. 19. References   !    India  Today;  Stuart  Corbridge,  John  Harris  and  Craig  Jeffrey;   Polity  Press  2013   !    Die  Inder;  Sudhir  Kakar,  Katharina  Kakar;  dtv  2012   !    The  Global  Gender  Gap  Report  2011;  Ricardo  Hausmann,   Laura  D.  Tyson,  Saadia  Zahidi;  World  Economic  Forum   !    www.bbc.co.uk   !    www.cnn.com   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   18  
  20. 20. Thanks  for  your  aSen:on!   06.05.13   Topic:  Role  of  Women  in  India;     Instructor:  Melanie  Schweiger   19  

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