Transcript of "Kanban for Beginners - AgileEE 2011"
Kanban Quiz for Beginners.看板 Agileee 2011 Mark Weber, Robert Wiechmann | Kiev, 2011-09-24
Kanban Quiz for Winners.看板 Agileee 2011 Mark Weber, Robert Wiechmann | Kiev, 2011-09-24
Rules of the Game 3 game level 15 questions 5 audience joker看板
Where does Kanban come from?Wolga ToyotaLada Mercedes
Where does Kanban come from?• Is originally from the automotive industry - Toyota Production System (TPS)• All we know about Kanban is an inspiration from the manufacturing• It is also well known in the software development since 2003 (inspired by the book from David J. Anderson)
What does the term Kanban mean?Signal Card Chinese Car BrandRed Card Ukraine National Dish
What does the term Kanban mean?• In Japanese the word Kan means "signal" and ban means "card“• The card is a signal to trigger actions which is reflected by „Signal Card“
In what kind of management culture do you use Kaizen? Mean Management Team Management Clean Management Lean Management
In what kind of management culture do you use Kaizen? • Kaizen is Japanese for "improvement“ or "change for the better" refers to philosophy or practices that focus upon continuous improvement • Lean Management is a bundle of principles • bring expertise and responsibility together • work self-organized • eliminate “waste” • harmonize processes and • attempt for continuous improvement (Kaizen)
Audiance Joker What is not a principle of Kanban?Visualization QualityTransparency Control
What are Kanban principles?• visualize the workflow• limit Work in Progress (WIP)and...• pull value through the system• try to enhance throughput• quality is included• use a sorted Backlog
“Congratulations.You really got talent! Go to the next level!”
Is it true that everything is allowed in Kanban to constantly improve the work? Yes! No!
What is allowed in Kanban?• Kanban leaves almost everything open you can do whatever is needed• Kanban supports the team to find the best solution by • continuously monitoring the work to improve the process
What kind of stream identifies all steps to develop a prodcuct?Mega Stream Value StreamMedia Stream Live Stream
What kind of stream identifies all steps to develop a prodcuct?• Value Stream identifies all steps in order to develop the wanted product• Makes visible how much time is spent on value adding vs non value adding (waste) work• The goal is to minimize the non value adding work or to prevent waste
What is important for agile work with Kanban?Value Stream Example
Audiance JokerThere are a number of known wastes in the software development. How many?5 98 7
7 wastes of software development?Mary and Tom Poppendieck translated the seven wastes of Lean into„The 7 wastes of software development“:• Delays, e.g. waiting for something• Extra Features, e.g. rising cost of complexity• Relearning, e.g. writing a report vs. talking to each other• Handoffs, e.g. analyst to designer to developer to tester• Task Switching, e.g. developer working on different topics• Partially Done Work, e.g. un-tested, un-documented, un- deployed• Defects, e.g. bug occure after release
What fits perfect for working with Kanban?Move batches of tickets Focus on a single ticket
What fits perfect for working with Kanban?• Ideal in Kanban is to have the focus on one ticket• That is pulled as fast as possible from left (open) to right (done)• The activities or single steps should be value adding activities
Audiance JokerWhat would you do in the following case?
Please take a look at the board. The Product Owner wants to bring story „E“ to theKanban board because „E“ is more important than „C“ or „D“. What can he do?
“Congratulations.You earned the SHU level by learning the fundamentals. Go on!”
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Audiance Joker What is the main difference between Kanban and Scrum?Number of Columns PrioritizationLimited Work in Progress Size of Cards
What is the main difference to Scrum?• In Kanban you have to limit the work in progress• In Scrum you have protected timeboxed itereations
What are the most often used metrics in Kanban? Name 2 of them.Cycle Time Hammer TimeThroughput Lead Time
What are the most often used metrics in Kanban? Lead time • starts when the request is made, and ends once delivered • is what the customer or/and stakeholder sees Cycle time • Time from starting to work on a ticket until it is done Lead time Ticket Start Work TicketCreated Live Cycle time
What are the most often used metrics in Kanban?Throughput• is reported as a rate of valued work that was delivered in a given time period• it is used as an indicator of how well the system (team, organisation) is performing and to demonstrate continuous improvement• allows planning of next milestones/steps/capabilities
What does Scrum & Kanban have in common? They are... ... Agile ... Focused ... Self Organized ... Planned on MS Project
What does Scrum & Kanban have in common?• Focus – parallel work is reduced (WIP), timeboxes• Inspect & Adapt – Constant Improvement (Kaikaku, Kaizen)• Self Organization• Faster time to market• Expectation Management – Planning (Backlog, Input Queue, Cycle Time, Throughput)• Satisfied Customer – early / constant involvement of customers
“Really well done.You are one the way to break with tradition. Now you receivedthe HA level. Go to the final level!”
Match the Kanban method to the following topics... There are several options!Service Teams Teams in conservative culturesTeams in regulated environments Teams with a lot of specialisation
Kanban fits to a lot of topics• Kanban can be applied by everyone• Kanban enforces that the right work is being done in the right time, rather than who is doing it• Participants apply to the system/workflow in the most efficient manner
1 2 3 4Prioritize the following Classes of Services in the correct order! Due Date Standard Refactoring Expedite
Classes of Services in Kanban• Service Level Agreements (SLA) are a part of a service contract where the level of services is formally defined• The classes of service are used to visualize different levels severities• Expedite - e.g. bug on live platform• Due Date - e.g. marketing campaign• Standard - e.g. user story• Refactoring – e.g. cleaning up code base
Audiance JokerWhat would you do in the following case?
The QA has a problem with one ticket. After tester 1 recognized a problem with theticket which he couldn´t fix by himself, he asked tester 2 for help. They have beentrying to solve the issue for hours but without any result. The 3 green cards in theprogress column are already finished by the developers. What should they do next? !
Final Question!Please describe the characteristics of the following Kanban boards correctly!
“YES, you did it!With the RI level you are now able to find new ways on your own.”
Thank you Mark Weber firstname.lastname@example.org for your Robert Wiechmann email@example.com kind attention! The professional network www.xing.com
Interesting Read Terms • Kaikaku is about making fundamental and radical changes to a production system, unlike Kaizen which is focused on incremental minor changes. • Shu-Ha-Ri is a Japanese martial art concept, and describes the stages of learning to mastery. Links • Leand Kanban University http://www.leankanbanuniversity.com/resources • Limited WIP Society http://www.limitedwipsociety.org • Kanban 101 http://www.kanban101.com • Lean Alliance Group https://www.xing.com/net/leanalliance • 7 wastes of Software Development http://agile.dzone.com/articles/seven-wastes-software • Value Stream Mapping http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Value_stream_mapping
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