Writing in the second language RCISEN 2009
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Writing in the second language RCISEN 2009

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    Writing in the second language RCISEN 2009 Writing in the second language RCISEN 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • Rashidah bt Rahamat Sharipah Nor bt Puteh REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
      • Integrated skills with listening, speaking and reading
      • Skill which stimulates thinking, compels students to concentrate and organize ideas
      • It is a complex process that proves to be difficult for second language learners ( Rao 1997,Farris 2001,Dixon 2002)
      REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
      • Rao (1997) :
      • Students find composing in English is difficult because the process demands utilising many cognitive and linguistic strategies of which many students are uncertain
      REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
      • Most elementary and intermediate students face problems to write essay in English
      • Struggling to write
      • Sample of essays
      REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
      • Small survey
      • THE RESPONDENTS
      • 29 respondents from four students
      • The low proficiency students
      • Majority got D and E for their English paper in the PMR exam
      REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
    • THE INSTRUMENT
      • Questionnaire adapted from Tan Bee Hoon (2006)
      REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009) SECTION CONSTRUCT ITEMS Section A The Perceptions Towards Writing 6 items Section B The Difficulties Encountered 4 items Section C Preference for Learning Writing Skills 4 items
    • 1=not difficult at all; 2=quite difficult; 3=difficult; 4= very difficult DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED 1 2 3 4 1 Getting started on my writing task 3.4 65.5 10.3 13.8 2 Writing an introduction 20.7 34.5 24.1 17.2 3 Writing thesis statement 6.9 48.3 20.7 20.7 4 Expressing my ideas 13.8 44.8 27.6 10.3 5 Organizing ideas 20.7 41.4 24.1 10.3 6 Writing conclusion 27.6 37.9 17.2 13.8 REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
    • 1=not difficult at all; 2=quite difficult; 3=difficult; 4= very difficult REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009) DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED 1 2 3 4 7 Introducing a quotation 3.4 31.2 51.7 10.3 8 paraphrasing 20.7 48.3 13.8 13.8 9 Integrating source material into my paper 24.1 27.6 27.6 17.2 10 Writing a summary 34.5 34.5 6.9 20.7 11 Using correct English grammar 6.9 44.8 20.7 24.1 12 Using accurate punctuation 24.1 37.9 10.3 24.1
    • 1=not difficult at all; 2=quite difficult; 3=difficult; 4= very difficult REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009) DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED 1 2 3 4 13 Formatting a specific writing task such as an official letter, a report, or a thesis. 17.2 24. 27.6 27.6 14 Making sentences flow smoothly 6.9 48.3 20.7 20.7 15 Making my writing more interesting 31.0 13.8 27.6 20.7 16 Identifying errors in my writing 17.2 44.8 6.9 27.6 17 Revising my writing 37.9 17.2 17.2 17.2
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    • SUPPORT PREFERED 1 2 3 4 face-to-face individually with teachers 6.9 44.8 27.6 20.7 An online teacher 41.4 27.6 20.7 10.3 A resource center 3.4 27.6 41.8 27.6 A self-access lab 48.3 13.8 17.2 7.2 A telephone hotline. 27.6 44.8 13.8 13.8 A website 10.3 37.9 31 20.7 A print journal 24.1 27.6 24.1 24.1 An electronic journal 17.2 44.8 24.1 13.8 A web forum on writing 20.7 34.5 31 13.8 1=not helpful; 2=quite helpful; 3=very helpful; 4= essential REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)
    • LOW ACHIEVERS HAVE POSITIVE VIEWS TOWARDS WRITING IN ENGLISH LOW ACHIEVERS NEED FACE-TO-FACE SUPPORT, WARM, ACCEPTING AND TRUSTING CLIMATE FROM THEIR ENGLISH TEACHERS REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009) CONCLUSION
    • TEACHERS NEED TO CHANGE THEIR INSTRUCTIONS AND APPROACHES TO HELP BUILT THESE LOW ACHIEVERS’ CONFIDENCE IN WRITING CONCLUSION REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON INCLUSION AND SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (RCISEN 2009)