3. 2 years ago, a modification was made to OpenSSL, an encryption technology
designed to ensure safe harbor for sensitive data traveling around the Web.
OpenSSL contains a function known as a heartbeat option – while someone is
visiting a website that encrypts data using OpenSSL the computer sends and
receives messages – heartbeat messages - from the server to check it is
The Heartbleed vulnerability means that hackers can fake heartbeat messages.
By exploiting the vulnerability, hackers sidestep the encryption.
The nature of the attack is similar to a buffer overflow attack, where a remote
attacker exploits a protocol by sending a malformed “heartbeat” request with a
payload size bigger than the actual request. In response, the vulnerable server
returns a heartbeat response that contains a memory block of up to 64KB in the
This memory block can potentially reveal confidential information, including SSL
private keys, user passwords and more.
4. How can I tell if I’m affected?
5. What everyone needs to do:
Visit the micro site.
• The Heartbleed checker lets you enter the URL of any site to check its
vulnerability. Check on the places you frequent.
Change your passwords.
• Email, social media accounts, banking. Update the log-in info for any
site you use that was affected.
• Keep an eye out for unusual activity.
6. What security professionals need to do:
Next budget planning
• If considering an open-source security solution vs. a commercial /
proprietary, add to your risk and cost calculations the potential damages
created by open-source. TCO and ROI models may change considerably
based on this item.
Next Security Review
• Don’t be fooled by 3rd party audit, compliance and validation processes.
Understand the known risks, build proper security architecture, and run
• Review your security architecture. There is always a room to improve.
Have you considered Web Application Firewall? IPS solution or DLP? None
of them are perfect but the multi-layer approach may save the day.
7. One of my servers is vulnerable.
What should I do?
8. 1. Immediately upgrade all of your vulnerable servers to the
2. Once all systems are upgraded and found to be non-
vulnerable, reissue all certificates that were used.
3. Replace all passwords for both
internal and customer use.
9. Upgrading may take me months.
How do I stop this vulnerability?
10. Security Advisory
Ensure that you are running a non-vulnerable version
The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not
properly handle Heartbeat Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to
obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a
buffer over-read, aka the Heartbleed bug.
More details can be found at:
The impact of the vulnerability depends on the actual OpenSSL version in use.
11. Are my Radware products
12. We've tested all of our products.
The Radware Alteon, AppDirector, DefensePro and
DefenseSSL are not vulnerable to the attack.
Specific versions of our Web Application Firewall AppWall and
the Web Performance Optimization solution FastView were
found vulnerable to Heartbleed data-leakage and have been
13. For more information on Heartbleed
and how we’re protecting our
customers, read our press release.