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Transparency and Open Data
Why bother?
Professor Nigel Shadbolt FREng

Public Sector Transparency Board
Chair CLG Local Pu...
The Power of Open Data




  Cholera                Bicycling traffic
   cases                    accidents
Open Data changes behaviour...




 Real time energy data is
 changing behaviour – the
 decisions people make
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
Open Data is taking hold

•  Tim Berners-Lee and myself
   appointed 9th June 2009 and set
   about creating data.gov.uk

...
UK Open Data data.gov.uk
•  data.gov.uk itself (now with over
   4000 datasets)
    –  open source, open standards, open
 ...
Coalition Government’s
Commitments
•    Prime Minister’s letter to Ministers on Transparency
     and Open Data - establis...
Public Data and the Public Data Principles



 "Public Data" is the
 objective, factual, non-
 personal data on which
 pub...
Public Data Principles (abridged)
Public data will be

   published in reusable, machine-readable form

   released under ...
Public Data Principles (abridged)

Public bodies should

   publish the data underlying their own Web sites
   actively en...
Early examples of OGD - ASBOrometer
Early examples of OGD – NHS dentists
OGD – location, location, location…
The Power of OGD – Spending…
The Power of OGD – Publish it…and the
apps flow
OGD - Local Matters...




•  New items of Local
   government spending over
   £500 – council by council
   from Jan 2011
The Local Data Panel: Current Activities
Working with new Transparency division on 3
key tasks

1.  How to standardise loc...
The Local Data Panel: Current Activities
Working with new Transparency division on 3
key tasks

1.  How to standardise loc...
The Local Data Panel: Current Activities
Working with new Transparency
division on 3 key tasks

1.  How to standardise loc...
Data Publishing – Star Quality

★        Put your data on the Web (any format)

★★       Make it available as structured d...
Why 5★ Linked Data?

•  National digital
   infrastructure being built

•  URIs for schools, roads,
   bus stops, post cod...
Why Open Data matters

More transparency                More economic/social capital

  what is going on?                g...
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T and od v2

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Transcript of "T and od v2"

  1. 1. Transparency and Open Data Why bother? Professor Nigel Shadbolt FREng Public Sector Transparency Board Chair CLG Local Public Data Panel Twitter Nigel_Shadbolt Beyond 2010, Birmingham 20th October 2010 Nigel Shadbolt
  2. 2. The Power of Open Data Cholera Bicycling traffic cases accidents
  3. 3. Open Data changes behaviour... Real time energy data is changing behaviour – the decisions people make
  4. 4. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  5. 5. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  6. 6. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  7. 7. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  8. 8. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  9. 9. Open Data is taking hold •  Tim Berners-Lee and myself appointed 9th June 2009 and set about creating data.gov.uk •  Reappointed to Public Sector Transparency Board June 2010 •  Open Government Data (OGD) is taking hold •  Governments, local authorities, cities releasing data
  10. 10. UK Open Data data.gov.uk •  data.gov.uk itself (now with over 4000 datasets) –  open source, open standards, open licence –  key data sets released inc OS OpenData, COINS etc. –  applications from outside HMG •  overcoming the many objections to transparency of data •  community of data users and developers •  establishing public data principles
  11. 11. Coalition Government’s Commitments •  Prime Minister’s letter to Ministers on Transparency and Open Data - established Public Sector Transparency Board •  Creating a powerful new right to government data, enabling the public to request and receive government datasets •  Publishing data in open and standardised formats •  Datasets should be open and shared with the public on an ongoing basis. •  Bringing in new measures to enable to public to scrutinise the government's accounts •  Publishing in full government contracts for good and services worth over £25,000 …
  12. 12. Public Data and the Public Data Principles "Public Data" is the objective, factual, non- personal data on which public services run and are assessed, and on which policy decisions are based, or which is collected or generated in the course of public service delivery.
  13. 13. Public Data Principles (abridged) Public data will be published in reusable, machine-readable form released under the Open Government Licence available and easy to find through data.gov.uk published using open standards will be timely and fine grained released quickly, and then re-published in linked data form will be freely available to use in any lawful way
  14. 14. Public Data Principles (abridged) Public bodies should publish the data underlying their own Web sites actively encourage the re-use of their public data maintain and publish inventories of their data holdings The public and businesses will drive policy and practice of data release
  15. 15. Early examples of OGD - ASBOrometer
  16. 16. Early examples of OGD – NHS dentists
  17. 17. OGD – location, location, location…
  18. 18. The Power of OGD – Spending…
  19. 19. The Power of OGD – Publish it…and the apps flow
  20. 20. OGD - Local Matters... •  New items of Local government spending over £500 – council by council from Jan 2011
  21. 21. The Local Data Panel: Current Activities Working with new Transparency division on 3 key tasks 1.  How to standardise local authority data and which data should be standardised as a priority 2.  Assisting local authorities/public bodies to work through technical/ policy issues relating to making data openly available – in particular the Jan 2011 data release; 3.  Encouraging citizens, developers, public and private sector organisations to access and exploit data provided by CLG and LAs
  22. 22. The Local Data Panel: Current Activities Working with new Transparency division on 3 key tasks 1.  How to standardise local authority data and which data should be standardised as a priority 2.  Assisting local authorities/public bodies to work through technical/ policy issues relating to making data openly available – in particular the Jan 2011 data release; 3.  Encouraging citizens, developers, public and private sector organisations to access and exploit data provided by CLG and LAs
  23. 23. The Local Data Panel: Current Activities Working with new Transparency division on 3 key tasks 1.  How to standardise local authority data and which data should be standardised as a priority 2.  Assisting local authorities/public bodies to work through technical/ policy issues relating to making data openly available – in particular the Jan 2011 data release 3.  Encouraging citizens, developers, public and private sector organisations to access and exploit data provided by CLG and LAs
  24. 24. Data Publishing – Star Quality ★ Put your data on the Web (any format) ★★ Make it available as structured data (e.g. Excel, CSV, instead of PDF) ★★★ Use open, standard formats (e.g. XML, RDF) ★★★★ Use URLs to identify things (so people and machines can point at your data) ★★★★★ Link your data to other people’s data
  25. 25. Why 5★ Linked Data? •  National digital infrastructure being built •  URIs for schools, roads, bus stops, post codes, admin boundaries... •  Some of the data links across and connects other data together •  Key data link points exist
  26. 26. Why Open Data matters More transparency More economic/social capital what is going on? generates opportunities More accountability More engagement is this acceptable? supports participation to exploit and improve data More localism More debate it matters to me, my family, my locale data for evidenced based policy
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