The Battle of Chickamauga September 18-20, 1863
The Union and their movement towards the Battle of Chickamauga <ul><li>William Rosecrans, a Union General in charge of the...
Chickamauga Creek, Georgia
Confederate Movement to Chickamauga and attack   <ul><li>As Rosecrans’ Army passed through LaFayette, Georgia, Bragg learn...
Battle of Chickamauga, September 19, the Second Day <ul><li>Union soldiers encountered Confederate cavalrymen and ushered ...
Fighting on September 20, the third and Final Day <ul><li>During the night and early morning of September 19 and 20, Bragg...
Fighting on September 20, the third and Final Day <ul><li>Shortly after 11 a.m. on the 20th, Rosecrans came to believe tha...
3 rd  Day, September 20, Chickamauga continued <ul><li>By noon, disaster had engulfed the center and right wings of the Un...
3 rd  Day, September 20, Chickamauga continued <ul><li>The only troops left were those of George Henry Thomas.  Late in th...
Chickamauga Casualty Count <ul><li>Confederate Losses  </li></ul><ul><li>(Total- 18,000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed  2,3...
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The Battle of Chickamauga

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The Battle of Chickamauga

  1. 1. The Battle of Chickamauga September 18-20, 1863
  2. 2. The Union and their movement towards the Battle of Chickamauga <ul><li>William Rosecrans, a Union General in charge of the Union Army of the Cumberland, wanted to take Chattanooga, Tennessee, a valuable railroad crossing and trading post </li></ul><ul><li>Rosecrans sent George Thomas and Alexander McCook on a Right Flanking Movement 35 miles south of Chattanooga </li></ul>“ Old Rosy” William Rosecrans, Union General
  3. 3. Chickamauga Creek, Georgia
  4. 4. Confederate Movement to Chickamauga and attack <ul><li>As Rosecrans’ Army passed through LaFayette, Georgia, Bragg learned of the widely scattered condition of the Union army and planned an offensive movement against portions of the Union force. During the second week of September, he had several chances to destroy isolated portions of the Union army, but command dissension resulted in several bungled attempts to punish the enemy. At the same time, Rosecrans began ordering a concentration of his troops, realizing that his three corps were in danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Bragg’s troops waited in the forests around Chickamauga Creek for Rosecrans’ Army and attack different segments of it on September 18 without any true result. </li></ul>Confederate General Braxton Bragg
  5. 5. Battle of Chickamauga, September 19, the Second Day <ul><li>Union soldiers encountered Confederate cavalrymen and ushered in a confused general engagement that lasted all day and spread southward for nearly four miles. Both Rosecrans and Bragg sent troops into the fighting, although the thick forests made it difficult for large bodies of troops to maneuver. At one point, a body of Confederates achieved a breakthrough and threatened to seize the LaFayette Road, but Northern reinforcements regained the lost ground. At the end of the day, the Union troops had withstood repeated attacks without losing their connection to Chattanooga. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fighting on September 20, the third and Final Day <ul><li>During the night and early morning of September 19 and 20, Bragg divided his army into two wings, the right (or northern) wing under Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk and the left (or southern) wing under Lieutenant General James Longstreet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fighting on September 20, the third and Final Day <ul><li>Shortly after 11 a.m. on the 20th, Rosecrans came to believe that a Union division in the center of his line had created a gap by moving out of position. In order to rectify the situation, Rosecrans ordered another division under Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood northward to fill the supposed hole. But a massive Confederate attack led by Longstreet Major General George H. Thomas began at this time, with thousands of Southerners charging into the real gap left by Wood's movement. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3 rd Day, September 20, Chickamauga continued <ul><li>By noon, disaster had engulfed the center and right wings of the Union army </li></ul><ul><li>Rosecrans, several of his principal subordinates, and many of their men into a retreat northward to Chattanooga. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3 rd Day, September 20, Chickamauga continued <ul><li>The only troops left were those of George Henry Thomas. Late in the afternoon, Union General Thomas, who earned the name the &quot;Rock of Chickamauga&quot; for his outstanding performance that day, withdrew his forces from the battlefield back toward Chickamauga to the safety of a gap in Missionary Ridge. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chickamauga Casualty Count <ul><li>Confederate Losses </li></ul><ul><li>(Total- 18,000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed 2,312    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wounded 14,674 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captured/Missing 1,468 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union Losses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Total- 16,000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed   1,657 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wounded   9,756 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captured/Missing   4,757 </li></ul></ul>
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