C ParkerIRB plan the rising• Leaders of the IRB began to plan for a rising after the start of world war one believing that Englands Difficulty was Ireland opportunity.• They formed a military council made up of Thomas Clarke, Sean McDermott, Patrick Pearse, Joseph Plunkett, Éamon Ceannt and Thomas McDonagh.
C ParkerSecret plans• Their plans were kept secret and in January 1916 they planned the rising for Easter 1916.• They persuaded James Connolly and the Citizens Army to join the rising.• They needed arms so they sent Roger casement to Germany for weapons. The Germans gave 20,000 rifles ten machine guns and ammunition and these were loaded aboard the Aud.
C ParkerIRB use the Volunteers for manpower• The IRB needed the volunteers for manpower.• The leader of the Volunteers Eoin McNeill who was against a rising believing that the Irish people wouldnt be supportive.• He would only order the volunteers to rebel if they were attacked first or if conscriptions was introduced.• IRB kept him in the dark and forged the ‘castle document’ which said that the government was going to disarm the volunteers.
C ParkerCasement arrested on Barna strand• Because of this McNeill allowed the volunteers to do training exercises on Easter Sunday.• Planned to give the new arms to the volunteers whist they were drilling and the rising would be nationwide• Roger Casement was caught landing by German Submarine on Barna strand on the coast of Kerry and the Aud was Scuttled with its cargo.
C ParkerMcNeill discovers its a forgery• McNeill finds out that the ‘Castle document’ is a forgery and calls off the manoeuvres by placing an advertisement in the Irish Independent.• However the rising goes ahead on Easter Monday and is confined to Dublin and has no hope of success.• 15,00 volunteers and Citizen army take over major buildings in the City centre including the GPO where they read out the Proclamation of the Irish republic.• Jacobs’s factory, Bolands Mill and the four courts are taken but they fail to capture Dublin castle.• There are no Lines of communication between all these locations.
C ParkerSwift response.• British reinforcements cordon off the city.• Artillery and a gun boat the Helga is brought up the liffey and shells the GPO.• City centre is ruins widespread looting Pearse orders a unconditional surrender, the blood sacrifice for the republic was achieved for him.
C ParkerAftermath• 500 people killed, 2,500 injured 130 British soldiers killed 64 Volunteers, 300 civilians• Initially the Public abused the leaders as they taken away.• Public attitudes change after internment of innocent people and the execution of the leaders.• Martial law military in control and 2000 interned• Sinn Fein led by Arthur Griffith gain popularity even though they are not involved in the rising.