grammar book (Maya)

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grammar book (Maya)

  1. 1. Gramatica<br />Maya Spriggs<br />
  2. 2. tabla de los contenidos<br />1.Presente –ar, -er, -ir………………………………………………………………………3<br />2.Stem Changers………………………………………………………………………………4<br />3.Irregulars –go, -zco,-oy…………………………………………………………………5<br />4.Saber vs. Conocer…………………………………………………………………………6<br />5.Reflexives………………………………………………………………………………………7<br />6. ‘Se’ empersonal……………………………………………………………………………8<br />7. Present tense with “dipthongs”……………………………………………………9<br />8. –uir/-guir, -cer/-cir, -ger/-gir………………………………………………………10<br />9. Verbs Like…………………………………………………………………………………….11<br />10. Hace+__+que+Present tense………………………………………………………12<br />11. El Imperfecto…………………………………………………………………………….13<br /> Triggers…………………………………………………………………………….14<br />12. El Preterito……………………………………………………………………………15-19<br /> “Spoc” verbs………………………………………........................16<br /> Cucaracha verbs…………………………………........................17<br /> Snake verbs………………………………………….......................18<br /> “Snakeys”…………………………………………….......................19<br />13. Ser and Estar…………………………………………………..................20-21<br />
  3. 3. Presente –ar, -er, -ir<br />-AR -ER<br />-IR<br />
  4. 4. oue<br />eie<br />
  5. 5. Irregulars –go, -zco, -oy<br />Only change in the yo form<br /> -zco (conocer)<br />-go (tener)<br />-oy (dar)<br />
  6. 6. Saber vs. Conocer<br />To<br />Know <br />
  7. 7. Reflexives<br />Reflexives are verbs that reflect upon one’s self. To make a verb reflexive, add me, te, se, nos, os, or se before the verb:<br />Mecomo la comida<br />Te comes la comida<br />Se come la comida<br />Etc….<br />Reflexives can hook on to infinitives too…<br />El tienequebañarse<br />
  8. 8. ‘Se’ empersonal<br />
  9. 9. Present tense with “dipthongs”<br />
  10. 10. –uir/-guir, -cer/-cir, -ger/-gir<br />
  11. 11. Verbs Like…<br />
  12. 12. Hace+__+que+Present tense<br />
  13. 13. El Imperfecto<br />
  14. 14. El Imperfecto Triggers <br />
  15. 15. El Preterito<br />-AR<br />-IR/-ER<br />
  16. 16. El Preterito (“Spoc” Verbs)<br />
  17. 17. El Preterito (Cucaracha verbs)<br />
  18. 18. El Preterito (Snake verbs)<br />Stem changes only in the Ustedand Ustedes forms<br /> Example: Dormir (o to u)<br />
  19. 19. El Preterito (Snakey Verbs)<br />Verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar change in the yo form in el preterito. <br />

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