In Fulfillment Of
The Course Required
By the Syllabus
Tribhuvan University KritipurKathmandu
Central Department Of JournalismAndMass Communication
Meetum Bantawa Rai
BA lll year
Sagarmath College For Higher Studies
Radio Journalism(JMC 305)
For Bachelor 3rd
year Radio Journalism(JMC 305) weneed to prepareRadio Profile as our
Practical task. For same purpose I vechosen Radio Nepal as my practical study .
I would like to express my gratitude and thanks to my guide Subject teacher Mr.
Shambhu Kattel for guidance and monitoring for encouragement throughout the course
of this Practical Work. Thehelp and guidancegiven by him have helped me alot to prepare
Projectwork on my own.
I also express my gratitude to Radio Nepal Team for support, valuable information and
guidance, which helped me in completing this task through various stages in their
respective fields.I amgrateful for their cooperation during the period of my assignment.
Lastly, I thank my parents, senior brothers & sisters and friends for their constant
encouragement without which this assignmentwould not be possible.
Meetum Bantawa Rai
Introduction Radio Nepal is Governmentowned radio of Nepal . It is also Nepal’s 1st
radio station of nation. Radio Nepal was established on 1st April 1951. Initially, Radio Nepal
was named as Raidio Prajatantra which begun its transmission fromBiratnagar .Radio
Nepal was broughtto Singha Darbar after Democracy. Thetransmission covered duration
of 4 hours and 30 minutes through a 250 Watt SW transmitter. Over the years, Radio Nepal
has strengthened its institutional capacity considerably and diversified itself in terms of
programmeformat, technical efficiency and coverage. Radio Nepal airs programmes on
ShortWave, Medium Waveand FM frequencies. Regular broadcasts cover duration of 18
hours everyday which includes 3 hours and 15 minutes of regional broadcasts 09:45 hrs. to
11:00 hrs. in the morning and 16:00 hrs 18:00 hrsin the evening. FM Kathmandu, the first
FM-Channelcovering Kathmandu valley and adjoining areas was started in 1995 fromits
premises at Singh Durbar, Kathmandu.
Being Nepal’s 1st
radio station it has huge historical importance and responsiblity towards
its nation.Itwas established by Nepali Congress Leaders for Revolution againstRana
Regime.Its programs wereused to awarepeople abouttheir movement and encourage
them to supportthem against the Rana Regime.
Nepal being a developing nation with severalgeographical challenges and economic as well
as political Radio has a greater importance. Where there is illetrate mass then it is in real a
suitable medium for communication and dissemination of media content. Besides Radio
Nepal there are severalother radios (fm) fromprivate and community sectors . Radio Nepal
is governmentowned radio so it has its own importanceamong peoples. Being
Governmentowned Radio Radio Nepal has severalefforts for sustainabledevelopment of
Radio Nepal aims to server its people for their development and awareness. Below
mentioned are the objectives of Radio Nepal:-
To providequality and crediable news information and entertainment.
To promote Nepali music and nationality
To provideultimate platformto nepali hidden talents
To provideNepali citizes with new inventions and hot happening around the world
Keep people updated about what is happening around world and encouragethem to be
alert and move for betterment.
To provideadvertiser a best medium for advertising
To institutionalize Radio Jouranlismin Nation
To treat lisners as people and awareand educate them for national development.
Program format of RadioNepal
Radio Nepal treats people as their citizen .So that their programs are more focused
towards their welfareand encourages people to participate in development activities .
Most of its programare focused for the ruralpeople, national development , youth
development .Those focus groups areprovided with awarness related like aware about
what to dos and dont dos in a society .Awareabout cheaters , human trafficking,
governmetal decisions etc.
In overall , we can say Radio Nepal includes programs which covers below mentioned
Also Full entertainment
Below I have mentioned some mostwanted and popular programs of Radio Nepal. By
this we can haveidea how Radio Nepal has made its programformats.
News Bulletin(in several national and ethnic languages)
Youth related program
Children Related Program etc.
Radio Nepal has wide coverage area. Itis only radio that can be heard all around
the nation.Radio Nepal has satellite transmission systemso thatit covers a wide
Radio Nepal Coverage map
BesidessatelllitetransmissionRadioNepal alsohas regional transmissioncenters.
20 December 2050 by the regional centers to regional broadcasting servicewas
broadcast. Initially, the regional broadcasting servicein the morning at 11 o'clock
to 12 pm each day only an hour break. In the local language song - music as well as
local news broadcastwas acknowledged in various programs .Nepal's regional
broadcastradio programlater time and more especially in the morning until 09:45
at night, 4:00 pm Range Range 6:00 until 11:00 as well as regional local language
news broadcaststation has started broadcasting work . Radio In addition, the
inconvenience, taking listeners to Radio Nepal from various FM also has started
to broadcast.Nepal's regional broadcastcenters list is below:-
Regional Broadcasting Service
Regional Broadcasting Centre Frequency (frequency)
Dhankuta 648 kHz (Dharan)
Kathmandu 792 kHz (Singha Durbar) and 1143 kg harm (GauriDada)
Pokhara 684 kHz
Surkhet 576 kHz
Dipayal 810 kg harm
Soul decision making over the structureof Radio Nepal is over the current
Government. Though department representatives have their own responsibility
and control over their departments for smooth and effictive operation of Radio
Nepal.Department Heads carry our their responsibility to meet Radio Nepal’s
Whole expenses of Radio Nepal is carried out by Government.Besides its
governmentsupportover financial help Radio Nepal also earns its expenses from
Advertisement.Advertisements in Radio Nepal are mostly fromthe Government
Departmetns where they on-air Ads in order to informpeople about their plans
and policy wherethey seek for peoples support.Besides governmental
announcements its gives commercials of Detergents, soaps, colleges and hospitals
Radio Nepal covers nationwide. Itis only governmentowned radio. Ithas more
responsibility than any other radios.To cover its responsibilities it has several
departments which help to function in its regualar task.Becauseof its departments
only Radio Nepal is able to meet its objectives towards its citizens.Below
mentioned are the departments of Radio Nepal.:-
Each departments have their own responsiblity defined. If one doesnt work to
meet its task than whole function of Radio Nepal will get affectd.
Engineering departments keep Radio Nepal’s equipments updated and use new
and better equipments for easier, cheaper and effecient delivery of radio program
contents.News department deliver accurateand true news everyday so that
people are well informed about world around.Programsin Radio Nepal are
desimilated for peoples education , information and entertainment.
Administrativeand financial administration work on need of staff and thier
payments and expenses. Business is also a part of Radio Nepal . They go out in
market and find advertisements for revenue collection for extra supportto radio
In this Radio Nepal s severaldepartments works together to meet its objectives
and reach to citizens of the nation.
Radio Nepal is targeted for welfare of citizens.Its contents and materials are for
By its programcontents we can have clear idea who are its target
audiences.Radio Nepal aim to reach as medium of communication for rural
people .Who cannot be reached directly by other means of communication.
Radio Nepal acts as “voice of voiceless” .Radio Nepal targets rural, illetrate mass
people to informand awareabout government’s action and plans for their
benefits and encourages to participate in people opinions.Also Radio Nepal
informs people about Internationalhappenings and awars people whereworld has
moved forward which encourages peopleto move on for development and come
Radio Nepal’s Boardof Directors
Mr. Dhruba Prasad Sharma Mr. SureshKumar Karki
Chairman & Secretary of Member Secretary & Executive Director,
Ministry of Information Radio Nepal
Mr. Krishna Prasad Devkota Mr. Hari Shankar Chaudhary Keshab Raj Khanal
Member and Joint Secretary Member member
Ministry of Finance
लेखा अधिकृ त
के न्द्रीय प्रसारण
निर्देसक (काययक्रम/समाचार/ बिा
आन्द्तररक लेखा पररकक्षण
FM ररले के न्द्र
बिार महाशाखाकाययक्रम महाशाखा
In overall wecan take Radio Nepal as only medium of communication with ruralilletrate
peoples. Radio Nepal has been playing this role since its establishment.Radio Nepal is Voice
of Voiceless. Radio Nepal takes news, views, and actions of Governmentto ruralpeople
and also bring back their opinion and feedbacks on governmentplans and policies.Radio
Nepal is only one medium or middleperson between govenmentand citizens.
Though Radio Nepal is only medium between Governmentand citizens, its reach has not
reached to full population.Radio Nepal’s contents are illetrate people friendly which most
of the people are unawareabout.People(youth) this days rarely listen to Radio Nepal , as
they prefer to hear songs or entertainment based Fms as per their desire.
Radio Nepal to be Voice fo Voiceless need to makeits coverage moreclear with high
frequency so other local Fmstations dont get mix with Radio Nepal’s frequency, also Radio
Nepal need to increase entertainment based programs to increase youth listners and match
their desire and get their opinions for development.
Radio nepal Contact:-
Government of Nepal
Ministry of Information & Communication
Radio Broadcasting Service (Radio Nepal)
G.P.O. Box. No. 634
Singha Durbar, Kathmandu, Nepal.