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  • 1. Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adaptSAP Inside Track NLIntegration core(Resistance is futile)Martijn Linssen M.A.26 November 2011 – version 1.0 Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt
  • 2. Agenda What is Integration  Which problems does it solve History of Integration  How have problems been solved Future of Integration  How can problems stay solved Of course, if you tackle a problem better and / or earlier than the competition, it’s called a business benefit … Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 1
  • 3. Next topic  What is Integration  Which problems does it solve     Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 2
  • 4. What is Integration?  Fitting (not ramming) the round red peg into the square blue hole  … good luck with that  However, this has been done, and proven, outside IT Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 3
  • 5. What can Integration be compared to?  Overcoming language barriers  … not always that successful Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 4
  • 6. The Integration problem: your place or mine?  We’re all hungry, but who gets to be the cook? Because every one will have to finish his plate – like it or not  Not just a technical issue, but also a “political” one Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 5
  • 7. The Integration trade-off: I speak yours if you speak mine  Everyone must learn foreign languages  Very costly, very time-consuming  Impossible to become fluent in all, let alone a few  No common single language Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 6
  • 8. The Integration compromise: let’s speak a common language  Everyone must learn only one foreign language  Slightly less costly, less time-consuming  Possible to become fluent in one language  One common single language Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 7
  • 9. The Integration solution: let’s hire an interpreter  No one must learn a foreign language  Least costly, least time-consuming  One common single language  Perfect fit-for-purpose for all  Proven “technology”: European Parliament Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 8
  • 10. European Parliament  With currently 23 languages in the EP, there are 506 (23 x 22) possible combinations  That would be the integration trade-off in the flesh  So, they use 3 middle languages: English, French, German  (It’s that hard to be fluent in only two languages)  Currently, 750 members serve for 5 years  That means that on average 12.5 people per month get replaced – seamlessly  Can your IT landscape handle 1.67% application replacements every single month? Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 9
  • 11. Next topic    History of Integration  How have problems been solved   Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 10
  • 12. The first solution: the ultimate trade-off For every connected application N, one will have to support N minus 1 non- native interfaces. This is killing if your landscape grows, or has to change (think upgrades)  Point-to-point interfacing  Hard-coupled, synchronous  “Build once, modify never”  Enterprise effort: 0. App effort: n - 1 Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 11
  • 13. The second solution: use the tools, Luke For every connected application N, one will have to support 0 non-native interfaces. Transformation is done at a central hub, by an Integration Broker  “Enterprise Application Integration”  Loosely-coupled, asynchronous  Integration as a profession  Enterprise effort: n2. App effort: 0 Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 12
  • 14. The third solution: architects’ mistake For every connected application N, one will have to support N non-native interfaces. This is killing if you replace an application or introduce a new one, or simply upgrade  Enterprise Service Bus / Service Oriented Architecture  Hard-coupled, synchronous  Point-to-point connection to the Bus  Enterprise effort: 0. App effort: n Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 13
  • 15. Three solutions. Did any of them solve anything?  Point-to-point was okay but couldn’t scale. It still works for (very) small IT departments  EAI was a great follow-up. Even introduced canonical model and messages, but the introduction of XML lowered the barrier so much that Integration quickly degraded from a profession to a pastime  As a result, ESB got introduced and architects promoted it. At about the same time SOA saw the light, and now most (semi-)governments enforce very costly XML over HTTP  And then… Google refuses to use XML, and Twitter and Facebook deprecate it in favour of JSON  Hey – but XML was the language of the future!  So maybe resistance wasn’t that futile after all? Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 14
  • 16. Next topic      Future of Integration  How can problems stay solved Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 15
  • 17. Picture yourself in an application’s place – from a business PoV  Every single application in your landscape is carefully hand-picked and selected. You could compare each of them to Olympic athletes, specialised to perfection  Highly single-minded, excelling at only one thing, they are at best average at most everything else  But, you want to immediately replace them with the next best one whenever needed: there is no time- to-market Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 16
  • 18. The Big Picture  Any (leading) system needs to collaborate with(in) any existing IT-landscape, whether internal or external  Any IT-landscape is diverse, and heterogeneous - and will always be. It’s an organic life-form in itself  Evolution dictates that there will always be exceptions, differentiations. If a group becomes too large, individuals will arise out of it, forming new groups: standardisation never lasts long. Growth means change  Application lifecycles get shorter every day. Spending time on development is a necessity, but on Integration?  There is no business sense in expecting other organisations and applications to adopt; it is far more effective to make yourself adaptable Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 17
  • 19. The real solution: facilitated canonical For every connected application N, one will have to support 0 non-native interfaces. Transformation is done at a central hub into one common language  Adaptive Integrated Enterprise  Fully de-coupled, asynchronous  Integration as a profession  Enterprise effort: n2. App effort: 0 Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 18
  • 20. The typical future-proof IT landscape External Pull External Push External Social Applications Media Cloud B2C (SaaS) B2B Mobile Internal Applications SAP Big Data Specials  One Goal, One Vision Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 19
  • 21. Roadmap for the next 5 years (generalised) JSON over XML HTTP JSON over over HTTP FTP EDIFACT Any over Over EDIINT HSPA/WCDMA iDoc Any over In- over MQ memory any  This is a plug-and-play Enterprise as the Business would like to have. Not much to assimilate here, really Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 20
  • 22. One last word to the wise  SOAP, WSDL, REST, W3C – all of those haven’t been mentioned. Nor need they be: they’re just narrow-minded opinions  If you want to restrict yourself, your company and your customers and partners by limiting choices to either one of those, go ahead and do so – but try making a solid business case for that first, shall we?  There is no one-size-fits-all, there are no Borg – well maybe there are, but they can be ignored. Certainly not feared  You could debate the value of apples over oranges, but could you really, if this is the big picture? Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 21
  • 23. Image sources http://en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Locutus_of_Borg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rD4roXEY8hk http://castleawesome.blogspot.com/2011/07/happy-france-day- frenchies.html http://ruisvis.nl/foto.html http://www.jointhestylehighclub.com/tag/german-stereotypes/ http://library.aliyev-heritage.org/en/7231101.html http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blanka_Vlasic_ISTAF_20 08.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Two_man_replace_a_mai n_landing_gear_tire_of_a_plane.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gould_John_Duckbilled_Platypus _1845-1863.png http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tiktaalik_roseae_life_restor.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_Boqueria.JPG Integration Core Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Resistance is futile 23-11-2011 22
  • 24. Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adaptQuestions? Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt Don’t wait to adopt. The fittest adapt www.wewirepeople.comCore Integration