English Alchemy Project Ppt


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Chris McKinley
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English Alchemy Project

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English Alchemy Project Ppt

  1. 1. Alchemy Chris McKinley Period 3 12/2/09
  2. 2. How should we view alchemy? <ul><li>It is an early form of chemical technology exploring the nature of substances. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also a philosophy of the cosmos and of mankind's place in the scheme of things. </li></ul><ul><li>It had a strong philosophical basis, and many alchemists incorporated religious metaphor and spiritual matters into their alchemical ideas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How should we view alchemy? Cont. <ul><li>About four thousand printed books were issued from the 16th through to the late 18th centuries, exploring alchemy from a multiplicity of different perspectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Many thousands of manuscripts, hand written works, letters, notes and commentaries exist in libraries some beautifully illustrated with colored images. Alchemy was thus, through the sheer volume of writings, influential throughout the early modern period. </li></ul><ul><li>Its influence can often be seen in the work of writers, poets, and artists of the time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How should we view alchemy Cont. <ul><li>In the 20th century, interest in alchemy was revived, following its decline and total eclipse in the 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Today alchemy is often used as a catch word for obscure and enigmatic symbolism, or for the idea of spiritual transformation and inner change. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is alchemy approached today? <ul><li>Alchemy can be seen as an important part of cultural history and can be explored in an exact and scholarly way. </li></ul><ul><li>In the early and middle parts of the 20th century, alchemy was often a no-go area for scholars, however, the work of some key scholars in various disciples during the 1960's and 70's broke down the barrier of prejudice and nowadays many scholars study alchemy as they would any other cultural phenomenon. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an active publishing of scholarly articles and books, and a number of key academic conferences have been held on alchemy in the past few decades. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Inner Alchemy and symbolism <ul><li>At the most basic level, elemental alchemy symbols represent the raw self; having the capacity of being transmuted into a higher, incorruptible self. </li></ul><ul><li>This page investigates alchemy element symbols and their philosophical meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>The realm of alchemy is filled with hidden and double meanings. Just as each element has a physical representation, so too does it have a philosophical meaning in the alchemical school of thought. </li></ul><ul><li>It should be noted that the ancient founders of alchemy were avidly loyal to their craft. So much so, that many of the surviving reference material is quite obscure. Alchemists shrouded much of their craft to assure the seeker is determined and devoted to learning. This technique is effective - as once a seeker delves into the world of alchemy; many are dissuaded by the complexity and obscurity surrounding alchemical meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>That said, below are just a few elemental alchemy symbols with a brief summary of their philosophical (symbolic) meanings. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Elements of Alchemy <ul><li>Iron: Iron is a most abundant metal, and is believed to be the tenth most abundant element in the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>In alchemy, iron is representative of the planet mars in astrology. As such, iron rules physical strength, and symbolizes predominantly male energy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also noteworthy that the symbol for iron is also one in the same symbol for male. Philosophically, iron represents a need to temper primal urges while at the same to embracing the fire within. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  8. 8. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Antimony: A metalloid, antimony, resembles metal in its appearance and physical properties, but does not chemically react as a metal. </li></ul><ul><li>This elemental alchemy symbol represents animal tendencies found in humankind – a wild nature in all of us – wear this symbol when you are feeling meek – it will remind you of the animal power that dwells within you. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Arsenic: Arsenic is a chemical element. This is a notorious poisonous metalloid that has three allotropic forms; yellow, black and grey. </li></ul><ul><li>Arsenic and its compounds are used as pesticides, herbicides, insecticides and various alloys. </li></ul><ul><li>The elemental alchemy symbol arsenic was used for medicinal and magical cures. </li></ul><ul><li>A compound of arsenic and sulfur were said to induce trances of enlightenment and philosophical ascension and direction. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Copper: This is one of several alchemy symbols for copper (the other being traditional Venus symbol). </li></ul><ul><li>Copper is a reddish-colored metal, with a high electrical and thermal conductivity (among pure metals at room temperature, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity). </li></ul><ul><li>Copper may well be the oldest metal in use, as copper artifacts dating to 8700 BC have been found Copper was associated with the goddess Aphrodite/Venus in mythology and alchemy, owing to its lustrous beauty, its ancient use in producing mirrors, and its association with Cyprus, which was sacred to the goddess. The elemental alchemy symbol for copper is also the planetary symbol for Venus. </li></ul><ul><li>As such, this symbol embodies such characteristics as love, balance, feminine beauty, and artistic creativity </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  11. 11. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Gold: A soft, shiny, yellow, heavy, malleable, ductile (trivalent and univalent) transition metal. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the more valued elements, gold represents perfection in all matter, on any level. </li></ul><ul><li>It also symbolizes humankind's goal to obtain perfection in mind and spirit. </li></ul>                                                   
  12. 12. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Lead: Lead has a bright luster and is a dense, ductile, very soft, highly malleable, bluish-white metal that has poor electrical conductivity. </li></ul><ul><li>This true metal is highly resistant to corrosion. As an alchemy symbol, lead is the ruler of the dark, lusterless prime matter. </li></ul><ul><li>It is Governed by Saturn and combined with silver it is said to create a purified element called the Philosophic Mercury. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  13. 13. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Magnesium: Magnesium is a fairly strong, silvery-white, light-weight metal (one third lighter than aluminium) that slightly tarnishes when exposed to air. </li></ul><ul><li>It is difficult to ignite in bulk, though it is easy to light if it is shaved into thin strips. </li></ul><ul><li>Once ignited, it is difficult to extinguish. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the difficulty of extinguishing that makes this elemental alchemy symbol so appealing because it represents eternity, infinite flame, and ascension. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  14. 14. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Phosphorus: Common phosphorus forms a waxy white solid that has a characteristic disagreeable smell. </li></ul><ul><li>Pure forms of the element are colorless and transparent. </li></ul><ul><li>This non metal is not soluble in water, but it is soluble in carbon disulfide. </li></ul><ul><li>Pure phosphorus ignites spontaneously in air and burns to phosphorus pentoxide. </li></ul><ul><li>The elemental alchemy symbol phosphorus traps light, and thus it is reputed that the alchemy symbol for phosphorus represents spiritual illumination. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  15. 15. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Platinum: The metal is a beautiful silvery-white when pure, and malleable and ductile. </li></ul><ul><li>The metal is corrosion-resistant. In the realm of philosophical elemental alchemy symbols, platinum was revered for its endurance. Platinum represents determination, grit, and seeing our manifestations to completion. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  16. 16. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Silver: Silver is a very ductile and malleable (slightly harder than gold) univalent coinage metal with a brilliant white metallic luster that can take a high degree of polish. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the highest electrical conductivity of all metals, even higher than copper, but its greater cost has prevented it from being widely used in place of copper for electrical purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>In alchemy, silver is one of the three base metals often used as prima material at the inception of a work. Further, the alchemy symbol of silver is associated with the moon. </li></ul><ul><li>As such, silver holds philosophical traits of the feminine persuasion as well as attributes of intuition, inner wisdom, and contemplation. </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, profound artistic expression can be harness by using silver. who is an artist of sculpted jewelry made of primarily silver and slate. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  17. 17. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Sulfur: It is an abundant, tasteless, odorless, multivalent non-metal. Sulfur, in its native form, is a yellow crystalline solid. </li></ul><ul><li>In nature, it can be found as the pure element or as sulfide and sulfate minerals. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an essential element for life and is found in several amino acids. Also considered a transcendent elemental alchemy symbol – sulfur represents the multiplicity of human nature and the eternal aspiration to reach enlightenment. </li></ul><ul><li>As indicated by the symbol, sulfur represents the triad of ascension – which can be viewed as a holy trinity. Sulfur is also one of the three heavenly substances in alchemical science (the other two being salt, and mercury. </li></ul><ul><li>. . </li></ul>                                                    . .
  18. 18. Elements of Alchemy Cont. <ul><li>Tin: Tin is a malleable, ductile, highly crystalline, silvery-white metal whose crystal structure causes a &quot;tin cry&quot; when a bar of tin is bent (caused by crystals breaking). </li></ul><ul><li>Tin acts as a catalyst when oxygen is in solution and helps accelerate chemical attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Tin as an elemental alchemy symbol is representative of the planet Jupiter. Being ruled by Jupiter, puts tin in connection with breath, and can be philosophically viewed as the breath of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Tin also adds a philosophical lesson to life that standing alone it is weaker than if it is combined with another alchemy symbol element. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>                                                    .
  19. 19. Elements of Alchemy End <ul><li>Zinc: Zinc is a moderately reactive metal that will combine with oxygen and other non- metals, and will react with dilute acids to release hydrogen. </li></ul><ul><li>Alchemists prepared philosopher's wool by burning the metal zinc in air. Philosopher's wool was zinc oxide, which was also sometimes called nix alba (white snow). </li></ul>
  20. 20. Work Cited Page <ul><li>How should we view alchemy? </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alchemywebsite.com/introduction.html / renaissance volume 1 </li></ul><ul><li>How is alchemy approached today? </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alchemywebsite.com/introduction.html / renaissance volume 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Alchemy and symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alchemywebsite.com/introduction.html / renaissance volume 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of Alchemy </li></ul><ul><li>www.what-your-sign.com /renaissance volume 1 </li></ul>