Ereu eu as a global environmental leader

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  • 1. Lisanne Post EREU Final Paper Outline May 2011
  • 2.
    • EU: pursuit of leading role in Global Environmental Governance (GEG)
    • GEG = ‘the policy community to involve efforts to reform and re-integrate those activities and organisations bearing upon questions of environmental degradation and sustainable development, that come under the very broad umbrella of the United Nations.’
    • - Vogler and Stephan
  • 3.
    • UN at the core of EU environmental policy: commitment to multilateralism.
    • Focus on one UN body:
    •  UNEP or UNFCCC?
  • 4.
    • UNEP: UN Environmental Programme (1972): focused on assisting developing countries (headquarters Nairobi)
    • UNFCCC: UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992):
    • Earth Summit (Rio de Janeiro) and following Conferences of the Parties (COP)
  • 5.
    • To what extent has the EU been able to fulfil its goals at the Kyoto, Copenhagen and Cancún Climate Conferences and how has this affected its self-proclaimed leadership role in Global Environmental Governance?
    • Topic narrowed down to climate change
    • Examination of concrete aspect of performance: effectiveness
  • 6.
    • Effectiveness: goals realised (J ørgensen, Oberthür and Shahin)
    • Leadership: Killian and Elgstöm 
    • -Definition
    • - Division into 3 types
    • - Quality measurement
  • 7.
    • Types of leadership :
    • Structural: builds on an actor’s material or political resources
    • Instrumenta l: exercise of political skill in negotiations
    • Directive: leading by good example
  • 8.
    • 2 preconditions qualitative leadership:
    • 1. Coherence:
      • Horizontal coherence : policies with external implications in different issue-areas should be consistent with each other
      • Institutional coherence : consistency of external policies emanating from the various EU institutions (Commission, Council, Parliament).
      • Vertical coherence : consistency among member states and between member state and EU policies.
      • Chronological : consistency over time
    • 2. Credibility : does the EU do what it preaches? Does the EU set good examples by creating domestic climate policies?
  • 9.
    • Introduction
    • Overview of EU Environmental Ambitions
    • What is Leadership?
    • EU Actorness at UNFCCC
    • Analysis of EU Effectiveness at Kyoto, Copenhagen and Cancún
    • Conclusion
  • 10.
    • Shared Competence
    • Representation
  • 11.
    • From success to failure?
    • What changed?:
    • Internal conflict, less coordination or confusing representation?
    • Stronger opposing participants (US, China)?
    • Applying Leadership Theory where necessary