Environmental Issues: EU, Europe and Asia


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Environmental Issues: EU, Europe and Asia

  1. 1.  The EU has a strategy to stop the decline of endangered species and habitats by 2020. The centerpiece is Natura, a network of 26 000 protected natural areas covering almost 20% of the blocs land mass.…. These are not nature reserves, but rathersites where sustainable human activities can take place without threatening rare and vulnerable species and habitats.
  2. 2. If we are to avoid a crisis in our use of limited natural resources, fundamental changes are needed to our economy. As well as lawmaking, the EU helps provide the public education, research and public funding crucial for this.Its response is a blend of long-term plans and incremental changes – like promoting eco-friendly products and encouraging greater use of energy- efficiency labels on consumer appliances like washing machines.
  3. 3. Protecting Europes shared water resources and ecosystems effectively from pollution, climate change and marine litter requires concerted action at EU level.EU water policy aims to: give all Europeans access to good quality water in sufficient quantity ensure that all water bodies across Europe meet minimum standards of cleanliness preserve vulnerable aquatic environments.
  4. 4. Air quality is an area where the EU has been very active, setting ambitious, cost-effective standards and targets for a number of pollutants, including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead.Whilst overall air-quality trends in the EU are encouraging, continued effort is needed.
  5. 5. If we can reduce the amount of waste generated in the first place, disposing of it will automatically become simpler. The EU is aiming to do this through: new waste-prevention initiatives better use of resources encouraging a shift to more sustainable consumption.
  6. 6. … Where waste cant be prevented, materials should be recovered, preferably by recycling. Thats why the EU is calling for improved manufacturing methods and asking consumers to demand greener and recycled products and less packaging.
  7. 7. a.) The EU’s main way of backing environmental and conservation projects is through its LIFE Programme, which disburses funds both in the EU and outside, in potential member countries and other neighbouring countries.b.) Since 1992, LIFE has put some €2bn into over 3,000 projects, like reintroducing the bearded vulture in Andalusia, converting laminates into energy and aluminium and restoring coastal meadows and wetlands on Baltic Sea islands.
  8. 8. Europe 2020 is the EUs growth strategy for the coming decade, pushing the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. Under the Europe 2020 strategy the flagship initiative fo a resource- efficient points the way towards sustainable growth and supports a shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.
  9. 9. ACT:Communication of 13 October 1997 from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee on a Europe-Asia Cooperation Strategy in the Field of Environment.
  10. 10. Asias rapid urbanization and industrialization, compounded by the poverty of its population, have been accompanied by environmental damage.The Asian countries are increasingly aware of the need to improve the environment and of the cost of environmental damage, including lost productivity and increased medical spending. Once neglected, environmental issues have in recent years become a priority in Asia.
  11. 11. Europes position at the forefront of environmental technologies and services (it holds almost 60% of the worlds patents for environmental technologies) makes it a key partner for the Asian countries in this sphere.At the Essen European Council of 8-14 December 1994, the Member States declared their wish for greater cooperation and dialogue between Europe and Asia, especially in the environmental field.
  12. 12. The main environmental problems Asia is facing are: water pollution (industrialization, domestic sewage, exhaustion of the groundwater); air pollution (transport, energy and industry); waste management (the increasing volume of household and industrial waste); land degradation (soil erosion, water logging and salinity); deforestation; loss of biodiversity (loss of species and habitat).
  13. 13. Asias needs in the environmental field are considerable. The Asian countries will have to find almost ECU 34 billion a year in public and private funding for national environmental investment.A multipronged strategy is needed, involving:
  14. 14.  building Asias environmental management capacities: more efficient and rational use of natural resources, the introduction of a sustainable wealth-creation model and environmental institutions; adopting market-based environmental measures: mobilising the private sector (providing the necessary incentives for foreign direct investment that is more effective than state aid);
  15. 15.  focusing cooperation on priority sectors: urban and industrial pollution, protecting natural resources etc.; fostering environmental research and development networks between Europe and Asia.
  16. 16.  the common interest of the two regions; complementarity with measures taken by the Member States (avoiding needless duplication); synergies with international donors (World Bank, EIB, UNDP); the viability of operations when European involvement ends.