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Lesson 2: Using Information Ethically II
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Lesson 2: Using Information Ethically II


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  • 1. Information Ethics II: CPRG 105 Lesson 2
  • 2. Why should I care about…?
  • 3. Do you ever…?
  • 4. Create something?
  • 5. Download or Upload? Music Internet YouTube Images
  • 6. Have to read articles on Electronic Reserves? • Every time you sign in to ERes • Agree to “fair use”
  • 7. Give Presentations in Class? • Using copyrighted image or video clip • In your PPT • Face-to-face • One time
  • 8. Have a Class Where… • Instructor uses copyrighted images or video clips? • In face-to-face classroom • To help make a point
  • 9. Do you ever…? • If you ever DO or experience ANY of these scenarios, THEN • YOU are involved with COPYRIGHT • And issues of “fair use” and getting permission
  • 10. Protecting Creativity Intellectual Property Law Patents Trademarks Copyright
  • 11. Intellectual Property Law • Copyright protects expression. • Trademarks protect brand names. • Patents protect ideas.
  • 12. What is copyright? • Copyright protects people who have created something tangible. • It applies to any original work that is in “fixed form” • Does not have to be published • Does not need to be registered or have a copyright symbol - © • You cannot copyright IDEAS!
  • 13. Protects the rights of…
  • 14. Works in “fixed form”
  • 15. Can you copyright IDEAS?
  • 16. Copyright Act of 1976 Gives the copyright owner the exclusive RIGHT to: • Make copies • Sell or distribute copies • Prepare new (derivative) works • Perform/display Copyright owner can grant permission to others to do any of the above.
  • 17. Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act (1998) • Changed copyright law • Now copyright expires 70 years after the death of the owner • Copyright is not renewable
  • 18. What if… Something is copyrighted and I want to use it?
  • 19. Check to see if: Your use of the copyrighted material would be considered “fair use”
  • 20. Fair use Allows limited use of a copyrighted work without harming the copyright owner financially
  • 21. Generally, fair use falls under the categories of:
  • 22. Still... Just because copyrighted material is used for the purposes of: • News • Criticism • Parody • Education Does NOT automatically mean it is “fair use”!
  • 23. So, HOW do I determine... If something is “FAIR USE” or not???
  • 24. Four Factors of Fair Use 1. Purpose 2. Nature 3. Amount 4. Effect You must apply ALL 4 factors!!!
  • 25. 1. Purpose WHY are you using it?
  • 26. WHY? Educational purposes are more likely than commercial purposes to be fair use.
  • 27. 2. Nature WHAT KIND of work is the original?
  • 28. Fact vs. Fiction 1492 Using a factual or non-fiction work is more likely to be considered fair use.
  • 29. Published vs. Unpublished Using published work is more likely to be considered fair use.
  • 30. 3. Amount Less More The less you use, the more likely it is to be considered fair use.
  • 31. But, regardless of how little you take, DON’T TAKE… The heart of a work!!!
  • 32. 4. Effect WHAT is the effect of its use on the potential market for the copyright owner?
  • 33. Taking money away from the copyright owner is a… NO-NO!!!
  • 34. If you apply ALL 4 factors of fair use • AND you can say “YES” to ALL of them, • THEN it is considered FAIR USE. • And you may use the copyrighted material without getting permission. • But you still must CITE it!
  • 35. Getting Permission • If it doesn’t fall under “fair use,” you must obtain PERMISSION to use the work/image. • Sometimes you must pay a FEE. • Sometimes you may use it for FREE with their copyright statement. • Email an author or website for permission.
  • 36. What happens if you violate copyright? If willfully...
  • 37. Everything is NOT copyrighted! • That is correct! • Some materials are in the: • And some have licenses which allow you to use them more freely
  • 38. Public Domain • Applies to works that are: – Not copyrighted or – No longer covered by copyright • Anyone can use public domain works without permission!
  • 39. Generally, public domain includes: • Works published before 1923 • US federal government info • Works put into public domain by their creators
  • 40. Something NEW!!!
  • 41. Copyright Creative Commons Licenses Public Domain “No rights reserved.”“All rights reserved.”
  • 42. What’s the difference? Plagiarism vs. Copyright Violation
  • 43. What’s the difference? Plagiarism • Using someone else’s words OR ideas • Without giving CREDIT • Passing it off as your own • ETHICAL issue Copyright Violation • Using someone else’s work • Without PERMISSION • LEGAL issue
  • 44. How do you avoid? Plagiarism • Do your own work • Cite your sources properly Copyright Violation • Fair Use • Get permission • Use Public Domain or Creative Commons material
  • 45. Attribution vs. Permission • WARNING: Just because you cite a copyrighted work (give ATTRIBUTION) does NOT mean you do not have to get PERMISSION to use a copyrighted work. • Also, just because you get PERMISSION(or don’t need permission), does not mean you do NOT have to also cite (give ATTRIBUTION).