Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Twobuntu
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Twobuntu

1,314

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,314
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Ubuntu 2.0 - Twobuntu
      • Outsider's Perspective on
      • Ubuntu & Debian
      • Keith Curtis
      • [email_address]
      • Talk loosely based on May, 2006 post:
      • http://keithcu.com/wordpress/?p=27
      • Version History
      • June 17: Debconf 7
      • June 20: Minor tweaks
  • 2. Background
    • 11 years at M$, 2.5 years with free software
      • I worked on the text engine for Bob ;-)
    • Free software kicks ass
      • Don't need to join a company anymore to learn the craft of programming.
    • The musings of someone trapped in dark Seattle and Sweden for the last 13 years
  • 3. Can Ubuntu and Debian work better together?
    • Yes, but why and how?
    • Ubuntu threatens Debian
      • Few news articles about Etch's release
    • Ubuntu needs Debian's help
      • Ubuntu is buggy
    • Mark was not trying to hurt Debian
      • But, what about the law of unintended consequences?
  • 4. Two issues
    • Efficiency
    • Can you build a Universal OS?
  • 5. Division of Labor
    • One of my lessons at Microsoft: my smart, senior bosses couldn't make the best fixes in my code.
    • It takes time to get up to speed on someone else's code.
    • That is why Ubuntu X.org 7.0 patches were just a “starting point” for Debian
      • In other words, little more help than if they didn't exist
    • This reason is the biggest cause for inefficiency between Ubuntu and Debian
  • 6. Division of Labor
    • Today:
      • Ubuntu does a feature
      • Throws it over the wall to Debian, where it gets re-understood and likely improved
      • Now, you have 2 people who have bothered to learn the exact same thing
      • With one codebase, this wouldn't happen
        • Ubuntu often throws away their patch, and uses upstream version
  • 7. Division of Labor
    • Even worse: when Ubuntu does a feature, this is expertise that Debian is not getting
      • Center of gravity shifts away from Debian
    • Ubuntu's current list of features means they are not waiting for any features from Debian.
      • Did Ubuntu come to this conference with a list of workitems for you?
      • Ubuntu is on course to completely grab center of gravity
  • 8. Division of Labor
    • Bug process according to DCT
      • Ubuntu finds a bug
      • Maybe files a bug in Debian
      • Maybe Debian reproduces the bug
      • Now, who is responsible for it?
      • Will any patches work unchanged between the two codebases?
  • 9. Division of Labor
    • Other impacts
      • Debian is playing catchup, not seeing Ubuntu's changes
      • Departure of Ubuntu developers robs them of Debian's expertise, which is one reason why Ubuntu is buggy
      • Many choices arbitrary -> divergence
        • What if Debian does not adopt Upstart?
  • 10. Efficiency - bugs
    • Background: only bugs are holding up World Domination
      • Linux needs no “bolt of lightning” feature
      • Donald Rumsfeld: “It's a long, hard slog.”
      • Fixing bugs faster is the only way to get there faster
  • 11. Efficiency - bugs
    • Ubuntu is swamped in bugs
      • In May, 2006, Ubuntu had 10,000 active
      • In May, 2007, Ubuntu had 30,000 active bugs.
    • Ubuntu needs 1,000 contributors
      • Where could it get that?!
      • (First distro with 10,000 contributors wins)
  • 12. Efficiency - bugs
    • Current situation has challenges
      • Ubuntu LTS snapshots Debian-unstable
    • Many of Ubuntu's bugs exist in Debian but who is keeping track?
      • If you don't know about your bugs, what was the point of shipping at 0?
  • 13. Efficiency
    • Brand
      • HP supports Debian on their hardware. What does this mean for Ubuntu?
      • Do .DEB files work from one OS to the next?
    • Other Infrastructure
      • BTS, security bug-fixers, source control, forums, build servers, etc.
        • Imagine investing that time/money to improve Debian's rather than reinventing wheel
  • 14. Efficiency
    • Community
      • Ubuntu is exciting! This brings in more people and causes existing people to work harder
      • If Debian is perceived as irrelevant, existing DDs will quit working, leave
  • 15. Two issues
    • Efficiency
    • Can you build a Universal OS?
  • 16. Mark Shuttleworth:
    • “It’s hard to know what Debian’s goals are” http://www.markshuttleworth.com/archives/56
    • Good question to ask: goals create a vision which bring people on board
    • Thinks Ubuntu is: “a few specific use cases.”
      • Laptop, desktops, server and now embedded is “a few specific use cases?”
  • 17. Universal OS
    • Debian motto is Universal OS
      • Hardware platforms and software packages
        • Debian runs on Nokia 770 -> servers
      • Most Debian derivatives are subsets, or region-specific which don't disturb center of gravity
      • One Wikipedia, one Linux kernel
      • Software is infinitely malleable
    • Ubuntu's motto obviates Debian's
  • 18. Debian wants Ubuntu's features!
    • What feature, other than orange, has Ubuntu added that Debian doesn't want?
    • Does Debian want:
      • Ease of use
      • 3-D desktop, 2.6 kernel, faster startup
      • Better power management
        • Most people who want good laptop support are now using Ubuntu, so Debian's code isn't getting tested
  • 19. Anything Ubuntu doesn't want?
    • Ubuntu wants to support less platforms
      • Kernel hides 99% of this work
      • Supporting one 64-bit gets you all
      • Upstream, not Ubuntu's responsibility
      • Platform maintainers keep things in shape
        • i.e. Ubuntu gets this for free already!
      • ...In other words, this cost has not been quantified, and is likely overstated
    • Any others?
  • 20. Ubuntu is exploiting a “loophole” in the GPL
    • Ubuntu fork goes against the spirit of GPL and cooperation
    • Generally, changes should be made to upstream
      • And, take ownership so someone else doesn't have to learn the same code
    • When someone improves the Linux kernel, they don't use that to make a new, competing Linux kernel
  • 21. Many ways to work better together
    • This is where you guys come in
    • Dramatic changes...
    • Or, Have Ubuntu devs do core work in Debian, “fluff” work in Ubuntu
      • Is there any “fluff?”
    • Different ship cycles harder but doable
      • Or, Debian could switch to time-based releases (Martin Michlmayr's thesis)
  • 22. Thought Experiment
    • Suppose you decided that Ubuntu and Debian should merge:
      • All DDs resign to be Ubuntu developers
        • Would Mark trade never getting another patch if he got 1,000 new developers?
      • Ubuntu community could re-join Debian
        • Remove animosity, bring excitement and more users to Debian
    • I believe either would be better than current situation
  • 23. That's my talk!
    • A few misc slides...
  • 24. Advice
    • Attention to detail
      • OOB, bugs
    • Keep doubling the number of DDs
      • Wikipedia's motto: “Don't scare the newcomers”
    • The competition has 5,000 full-time programmers
    • Spend your 2 or 8 hours per week productively
      • Spend more time coding than sending e-mails
    • New software is better than old software
  • 25. Challenges (incomplete)
    • Are DDs still passionate?
    • What does a DEB mean in a managed world?
    • Can I install FireFox off the web?
    • Do I have to upgrade my kernel when I install new hardware?
    • Can I never have to “upgrade” my OS?
  • 26. State of Ubuntu in 1 slide – Buggy!
    • My computer resumes 9 of 10 times
    • I'm using ATI's drivers, yet cannot enable Compiz/Beryl. 2-D graphics perf sometimes slow.
    • Took an hour to enable playing DVDs
      • Kinda works in Kaffeine
    • Wine did not enable clicking on EXEs
      • IE 6 installs but does not run
    • I cannot double-click on a DEB which has uninstalled dependencies
    • Few apps as polished or reliable as Firefox
  • 27. Many ways to work better together
    • Goals
      • One tree
      • One bug database
      • One conference schedule
      • One fat and happy community
      • Linux will achieve... World Domination, and faster if we want
    • Thanks for listening!

×