The effects of the consumption of alcoholic beverages on students in southern bicol colleges


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The effects of the consumption of alcoholic beverages on students in southern bicol colleges

  1. 1. It is classed as a depressant, meaning that it slows down vital functions resulting in slurred speech, unsteady movement, disturbed perceptions and an inability to react quickly. As for how it affects the mind, it is best understood as a drug that reduces a person’s ability to think rationally and distorts his or her judgment.
  2. 2. There are different kinds of alcohol. Ethyl alcohol (ethanol), the only alcohol used in beverages, is produced by the fermentation of grains and fruits. Fermenting is a chemical process whereby yeast acts upon certain ingredients in the food, creating alcohol.
  3. 3.  Beer 2–6% alcohol  Cider 4–8% alcohol  Wine 8–20% alcohol  Tequila 40% alcohol  Rum 40% or more alcohol  Brandy 40% or more alcohol
  4. 4.  Immediate Effects of Alcohol on the Body includes the following: Affects the Coordination and Brain Function, Sickness in the form of vomiting or feeling nauseous, Hangovers, Dehydrate, not get proper sleep, headache, body aches, dizziness, diarrhea, and exhaustion ( immediate-effects- alcohol-body. 2010).
  5. 5.  The world drank the equivalent of 6.1 litres of pure alcohol per person in 2005, according to a report from the World Health Organisation published on February 11th. The biggest boozers are mostly found in Europe and in the former Soviet states. Moldovans are the most bibulous, getting through 18.2 litres each and nearly 2 litres more than the Czechs in second place.
  6. 6.  Over 10 litres of a Moldovan's annual intake is reckoned to be 'unrecorded' home-brewed liquor, making it particularly harmful to health. The WHO estimates that alcohol results in 2.5m deaths a year, more than AIDS or tuberculosis. In Russia and its former satellite states one in five male deaths is caused by drink ( global_alcohol_consumption. 2012).
  7. 7. A study conducted by the Church-run Radio Veritas from May to June 2011. MANILA, Philippines there are more Filipino women are drinking beer than men, that of its 2,500 respondents nationwide, 52 percent were female beer drinkers and 48 percent were male beer drinkers. It also showed that beer drinking was more prevalent among married consumers (57 percent) than among the single and unattached (43 percent).
  8. 8. The study was released this month, coinciding with the celebration of Oktoberfest, usually marked by merrymaking and beer- drinking across the globe. Apparently, more alcohol drinkers were becoming prudent as 70 out of 100 Filipinos said they drink alcoholic beverages only during special occasions. Eleven said they consumed alcohol on a weekly basis and six on a monthly basis. Only four said drinking was part of their daily routine.
  9. 9. “This would imply that almost 21 percent of Filipinos are regular alcoholic beverage drinkers,” said the study. More than 25 percent of these drinkers are aged between 19 and 25 while 14.38 percent are aged 29 to 35. On a national scale, the survey revealed that 66 percent of Filipinos were alcoholic beverage drinkers, with those living in Luzon having the highest level of consumption at 58.9 percent.
  10. 10. We conducted a survey here in Masbate at Provincial Hospital to know if they have a record about the effects of consumption of alcoholic beverages, but unfortunately Dr. Llacer told us that they have no record of that case because base on their survey or statistical that such cases are not included in their top of list.
  11. 11. We chose this effects of consumption of alcoholic beverages for the reason that our health is very important not only for the students but to the institution and community as well since they hold hope for the next generation, thus, studying the health status of the students will be beneficial in coming up with appropriate intervention that may help the respondents to cope up and deal with this problem.
  12. 12. Statement of the Problem
  13. 13. Age Gender Course & year level Civil status Average weekly/ monthly allowance
  14. 14. 2. What are the effects in consuming alcoholic beverages of students in terms of:  Physiological  Emotional  Social
  15. 15. 3. What are the effects in consuming alcoholic beverages of students in terms of: •Psychological •Socio-economical
  16. 16. Assumptions The study is based on the following assumptions. 1. Individual’s reactions to alcohol vary, in terms of; age, gender, course & year level, and civil status. 2. The effects in consuming alcoholic beverages differ, along with: Physiological, Emotional, and Social. 3. The factors of consuming alcoholic beverages differ, along with: Psychological, and Socio-
  17. 17. Significance of the study
  18. 18. Students. This will be a useful reference material or guide for their future research. Community. Through this study, the community will be able to have an idea on the possible causes of abusing alcohol and they will be aware of the effects. They will also be enlightened to be more caring of their health. School. Southern Bicol Colleges are able to gain wisdom related to the effects and factors of alcohol consumption.
  19. 19. Researchers. Through this study, it engages us in health activity. Future researcher. This study will help them in considering the findings useful and will encourage them a thorough study about the study.
  20. 20. Scope and Delimitation This research study is conducted at Southern Bicol Colleges which is located at Mabini St, Masbate City.
  21. 21.  This study is focus on the Effects of the consumption of Alcoholic beverages that inclusive for Education and Engineering students in Southern Bicol Colleges here in Masbate. The respondents are limited only to 100 students comprising of male and female. For the method we use was questionnaire, given to the respondents. Data gathering for the study will be conducted in the months of August – October 2013.
  22. 22. June to March 2013- 2014, we choose Education and Engineering students because they have more population than the other department.
  23. 23.  Consumption Utilization of goods and services in a particular time period (Grolier International Encyclopedia). It is the utilization of alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, etc.  Alcoholic beverage - means alcohol, or any beverage containing more than one-half of one percent of alcohol (Grolier International Encyclopedia). It is used for the purpose of getting drunk in the form of beer, wine, etc.
  24. 24. School - is an institution designed for the teaching of students or pupils under the direction of teacher (Merriam- Webster).It is a place of learning a specific knowledge or skills. Students – is a learner, or one who studies (Merriam-Webster). They are the one who attends in school and the respondents of this study.
  25. 25.  Emotional - is characterized by psycho- physiological expressions, biological, and mental states ( It is a conscious mental reaction of a person or students who are consuming alcoholic beverages  Psychological – dealing with the mind, a function of awareness, feeling, or motivation ( It is pertaining to the mind or mental condition as the subject of alcohol abuse.  Socioeconomics – The combination of social and economic conditions (Webster encyclopedic dictionary). It is the conditions of the students who has financial problems.
  27. 27. Review of Related Literature and Studies According to Talashek et al (2000) alcohol adversely affects nutrition as a result of deficiencies in folic acid, thiamin, iron, vitamin A, D and K. The skin, heart, lungs and bone marrow also are adversely affected by alcohol. He also confirms that chronic use of alcohol drinks increases liver size and contributes to jaundice, hepatitis and cirrhosis. A study indicates that an adolescent drinks because they expect enhanced sexuality, relations and others( ge_Drinking.html.2003). In these case students who engaged in alcohol consumptions may suffer vitamins deficiency. Students are also prone to some chronic diseases like increase liver size and contribute to
  28. 28. Maddi et al (2003) feel that factors that encourage alcohol use by the students are probably biological and psychological, including addictive aspect of personality, peer pressure and poor parental models as well as major stressful events (Adolescents Alcohol Consumption. 2003). It is stated that some factors that encourage the student to drink alcohol are lack of parent’s guidance, friends and stress.
  29. 29. Melvyn Freeman and Charles Parry (2006) stated that alcohol is considered a drug but unlike other drug, it is legal and acceptable because consumption of alcohol is as old as man himself. Indiscriminate alcohol is now a universal problem. And from many parts of the world have used alcoholic beverages to celebrate important events. Alcohol has been consumed as medicine, as a form of magic and a part of worship services.
  30. 30. Martina Mandelíková (2011) suggest that most common drivers of engagement in drinking are sensitivity on alcohol, friends influence, current smoking status, experience with other drugs and judgment of regular intoxication. Findings from her analyses on peer affect it show that influence of classmates on the individual varies according to genders and its magnitude and significance depends on the estimated sample.
  31. 31. In general, peer effect has always positive sign and regardless of gender and estimated sample it significantly increases participation in drinking of adolescents who have not been drinking before high
  32. 32. Kann et al (2000) stated that alcohol consumption by students varies from one place to another. Daily consumption and intoxication is reported more often among males than females (www.collegedrinkingprevention.g ov). Most studies have found that boys have greater alcohol intake, drink more frequently and have more situation of heavy drinking that girls
  33. 33. Alcohol is frequent cause of disability and death. It is associated with cancers of the mouth, tongue, throat, esophagus, sto mach, liver, lung, pancreas, colon (large intestine), and rectum. These cancers may result from alcohol’s irritating effects on body tissues there is a very strong relationship between developing this cancers of the oral cavity and throat when a person drinks alcohol.
  34. 34. The similarities of some researcher that has been discussed in related literature and other study of research Talashek et al (2000) and Linda Morris Brown (2004) confirms that chronic use of alcohol drinks increases liver size and contributes to jaundice, hepatitis and cirrhosis. It is associated also with cancers of the mouth, tongue, throat, esophagus, stomach, li
  35. 35. Begofta San Jose (2003), Linda Morris Brown (2004) and Joyce P. Valbuena (2007) cited that unintentional injuries; homicide and suicide are the three leading causes of death and the practice of unprotected sexual intercourse has been caused by habitual drunkenness or alcohol intoxication. Melvyn Maddi et al (2003), Martina Mandelíková (2011), Linda Morris Brown (2004). Freeman and Charles Parry (2006) stated that alcohol is considered a drug and most frequently abused drug in the world.
  36. 36. While the differences according to Melvyn Freeman and Charles Parry (2006) alcohol has been consumed as medicine, as a form of magic and a part of worship services. Kann et al (2000) daily consumption and intoxication is reported more often among males than females. Linda Morris Brown (2004) alcohol syndrome is a condition in which infants born to mothers who drink alcohol during her pregnancy, the infant suffer such consequence (retarded growth). Malformed features such as a large face, small eyes, short nose, and brain damage (Epidemiology of Alcohol- Associated Cancers). Jodi Michelle Gilman (2003) alcohol drinking is a big part of the Filipino merry- making activities such as fiestas, birthdays, and
  37. 37. This study is rooted on Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM, 1996) which focuses on explaining health-promoting behaviors, using a wellness orientation. 
  38. 38. According to the model, health promotion entails activities directed toward developing resources that maintain or enhance a person’s well being. The Health Promotion Model encompasses two phases: a decision-making phase and an action phase. In the decision-making phase, the model emphasizes seven cognitive/perceptual factors that compose motivational mechanisms for acquiring and maintaining health- promoting behaviors and five modifying factors that indirectly influence patterns of health behavior. In the action phase, barriers and cues to action trigger activity in health-promoting behavior.
  39. 39. 1. Profile of the respondents in terms of: a. Age b. Gender c. Course & year level d. Civil status 2. Factors affecting the consumption of alcoholic beverages of students in terms of: a. Physical b. Emotional c. Social 3. The effects in consuming alcoholic beverages in terms of: a. Psychological b. Physiological c. Socio-economical 1. Data Gathering 2. Analysis interpretation (Please see on the Leaflet)
  40. 40. Enclose in the research methodology is a clear idea on how the researcher is carrying out the research (Jennifer Williams). Including in the research methodology is the research method, Locale of the study, the map, the respondents, how the data gathered and the questionnaires use.
  41. 41. This study used descriptive survey design. The purpose of descriptive research is to describe the current condition of public or personal matter at the time of the study and the best application of sampling theory and practice can probably be found in survey research. Survey researchers attempt to study directly the characteristics of populations through the use of survey. Research Method
  42. 42. SBC
  43. 43. Respondents The researchers focused mainly to 100 respondents, they are the Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering, Bachelor of Elementary Education, and Bachelor of Secondary Education of Southern Bicol Colleges, Masbate City.
  44. 44. The instrument used for the data gathering is: questionnaires. This are described below. Questionnaire is a method of getting self-report information from the respondents through self administration of questions. The sample size was estimated to be about 100 students. Data Gathering tools Questionnaire
  45. 45. The questionnaire consists of three parts. The first part discusses on the Demographic Profile, this section highlighted detail such as age, gender, civil status, and course and year level. The second are the factors affecting in consuming alcohol in terms of; physical, emotional and social. The third are the effects of consuming alcoholic beverages in terms of; psychological, physiological and socio-economical. Preparation of the Questionnaire
  46. 46. Validation of the Questionnaire
  47. 47. After the collecting stage, the data must be organized. The researchers used the frequency distribution table to rank the disorganized data from the highest to the lowest. The researchers also used the bar graph to clearly show the preferences of the respondents. Including here the percentage, ratio, and weighted mean (Statistical%20Treatment.htm).
  48. 48.  Frequency distribution table is an organized tabulation of the number of individual scores located in each category on the scale of measurement. It contains at least two columns - one for the score categories (X) and another for the frequencies (f). ( Shows us a summarized grouping of data divided into mutually exclusive classes and the number of occurrences in a class.
  49. 49. Compiled or calculated from weighted data (Statistical%20Treatment.htm).We use these tools to the Demographic Profile and questionnaires of our respondents.
  50. 50. Profile of the respondents From the 100 respondents, 11 (11%) are in the 20 above age bracket, 17 (17%) are in the 23-25 age bracket, 29 (29%) are in the 20-22 age bracket, 39 (39%) are in the 17-19 age bracket and 4 (4%) are in the 16 below age bracket. According to some studies underage drinking is thought to be a powerful predictor of later adult alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Children who start drinking at 14 years of age or younger have lifetime alcohol dependence rates, among those who began drinking at age 20 or older. ( m)
  51. 51. Lastly, the weekly allowance of the respondents are, 33(33%) were receiving a 1000 and up allowance, 39 (39%), receiving 999-500 allowance, 19 (19%) were receiving 499-100 and 9 (9%) were receiving 99 and below allowance. The most fundamental law of economics links the price of a product to the demand for that product. Accordingly, increases in the monetary price of alcohol (i.e., through tax increases) would be expected to lower alcohol consumption and its adverse consequences. Studies investigating such a relationship found that alcohol prices were one factor influencing alcohol consumption among youth and young adults. (Frank J. Chaloupka, Ph.D., Michael Grossman, Ph.D., Henry Saffer, Ph.D)
  52. 52. Table 1 Demographic profile Age F % 26 and up 11 11% 23-25 17 17% 20-22 29 29% 17-19 39 39% 16 and below 6 6% Total 100 100%
  53. 53. Gender F % Male 61 61% Female 39 39% Civil Status F % Single 97 97% Married 3 3% Widow/widower 0 0 Total 100 100%
  54. 54. Weekly Allowance F % 1000 and up 33 33% 500-999 39 39% 100-499 19 19% 99 and below 9 9% TOTAL 100 100% Year level F % I 33 33% II 16 16% III 22 22% IV 7 7% V 11 11% Total 100 100%
  55. 55. WM INTERPRETATION 1. How often do you take alcoholic beverages? Daily 0.78 Never Weekly 0.84 Never Monthly 1.26 Never Others 0.32 Never 2. How many bottles do you consume a day? 24 bottle above 0.23 Never 10-23 bottle 0.55 Never 9 bottle 1.28 Never
  56. 56. WM INTERPRETATION 3. How do you feel after taking alcoholic drinks? It has a relaxing effect 0.75 Never It may reduce tension 0.99 Never It may impairs concentration 0.92 Never Total 0.79 Never
  57. 57. Physiologic Effects The status of the respondent based on their weighted mean of 0.79 is “Never” or light drinker. Most of the respondents or almost all of the respondents were drinking alcoholic beverages occasionally or drinking only 1-2 bottles per session.
  58. 58. WM INTERPRETATION 1. Do you take alcoholic drinks if you are: Depressed 1.19 Never Stressed 1.16 Never Broken hearted 0.97 Never 2. Do alcoholic drinks lessen you pains or negative emotions? 0.29 Never 3. When you are drunk does your parents/spouse worry about you? 1 Never TOTAL 0.92 Never
  59. 59. Emotional Effects The emotional factor has 0.92 weighted mean which means most of the respondents doesn’t drink alcohol when there depressed, stressed or even when their broken heart and almost all of them were telling that alcoholic drinks cant lessen the pains or negative emotions they have.
  60. 60. WM INTERPRETATION 1. Do you only drink for socialization? 1.43 Never 1. Have you ever been involved troubles when you got drunk? 2.06 Sometimes 1. Do you drink alcohol just to enjoy with your friends? 0.91 Never TOTAL 1.47 Never
  61. 61. WM INTERPRETATION 1. Have you ever lost your consciousness due to alcohol? 1.72 Sometimes 1. Have you ever committed a crime when you were drunk? 1.12 Never 1. Have you ever been involved in any accidents under the influence of alcohol? 1.24 Never TOTAL 1.36 Never
  62. 62. WM INTERPRETATION 1. Do you try to borrow money from other just to drink alcohol? 1.1 Never 1. Have you ever stolen money from your parents or friends? 1.35 Never 1. Have you ever sold any of your gadgets (e.g. cell phone, laptop, iphone, etc.) just to drink alcohol? 1.42 Never TOTAL 1.29 Never
  63. 63. After three (3) months of gathering data and summarizing details, the researcher were able to come up with a conclusion that the BEED, BSED, BSCE, BSME are affected by the five (5) factors, specifically by the Social and Emotional factors. This explains that most students are more affected with their environment.
  64. 64. For better coping effects of alcoholic consumption, this researcher would like to recommend the following:
  65. 65.  Students. Further health management should be conducted by the respondents to those factors that affecting them. Stress coping techniques can avoid intake of alcohol it could be utilized emotion-focused coping the efforts to replace the negative emotions produced by stress with more positive ones, problem focused coping efforts to alter situation itself-the cause of taking alcohol and a technique suggested by social and emotional support.
  66. 66.  Faculty. The proposed alcohol management programs should be utilized by the faculty for better understanding of student’s problems, emotional and others school work related to learning and activities that contribute to stress.  Future Researcher. The scope of the study could be widened in determining the risk factor contributing to alcohol consumption and could include the other courses for comparison of results.
  67. 67.  Name: (optional)____________________________________  Age: 26 above 17 – 19 y/o 23 – 25 y/o 16 below 20 – 22 y/o Demographic Profile
  68. 68.  Gender: Male Female  Civil Status: Single Married Widow/widower  Weekly/monthly allowance: 1000 above 100 – 499 500 – 999 99 below
  69. 69.  Course and year level:  BEED: BSED: BSCE: BCME:  I – I – I – I –  II – II – II – II –  III – III – III – III –  IV – IV – IV – IV – V – V –
  70. 70.  Directions: Answer what is being asked. Place check ( ) on the space provided corresponding to the answer of your choice.
  71. 71. Physiological Always Sometimes Never 1. How often do you drink? •Daily •Weekly •Monthly 2. How many bottles do you consumed? •25 above •20 – 15 •10 below 3. Does a low dose of alcohol produces? • A relaxing effect •Reduces tension •Impairs concentration
  72. 72. Emotional Always Sometimes Never 1. Did you only drink alcohol if you: •Depressed •Stress •Broken hearted •Others (specify) 2. Does alcohol can lessen pain or negative emotion? 3. When you are drunk does your parents/spouse worried about you?
  73. 73. Social Always Sometimes Never 1. Did you only drink for socialization? 2. Have you ever been troubled when you get drunk? 3. Did you drink alcohol only just for your friend?
  74. 74. Psychological Always Sometimes Never 1. Have you ever lose your consciousness due to alcohol? 2. Have you ever commit a crime when you drunk? 3. Have you ever been involved any accidents when you are under influence of alcohol?
  75. 75. Socio-economical Always Sometimes Never 1. Did you try to borrow money from others just to buy alcohol? 2. Have you ever commit stealing of money from the pocket of you parents or friends? 3. Are you selling your gadgets only to buy beers or hard drinking alcohol?