Benedict (Viktor) Gombocz
 Location: Eastern Europe, betweenTurkey (tothe west) andAzerbaijan Area Total: 29,743 sq km Country comparison to the...
 Christianity, existent in Armenia for morethan 1,700 years, is followed by up to 97%ofArmenians. Armenia has its own ch...
 Armenian Apostolic 94.7% Other Christian 4% Yezidi (monotheist with characteristicsof nature worship) 1.3%
 The political system of Armenia functions in a structure of a presidentialrepresentative democratic republic, with the P...
 Capital (and largest city):Yerevan Official language(s):Armenian Demonym:Armenian Government: Presidential republic ...
 Armenia achieved independence from theTranscaucasian Democratic Federative Republicon 28 May 1918 as the Democratic Repu...
 Presidents: LevonTer-Petrossian Robert Kocharyan Serzh Sargsyan Prime Ministers: Andranik Margaryan Aram Sargsyan...
 The legislative branch of Armenia’sgovernment is the National Assembly ofArmenia (Azgayin Zhoghov). The National Assemb...
 Political corruption in Armenian society is a problem. In 2008,Transparency International reduced its Corruption Percep...
 Republican Party of Armenia (ՀայաստանիՀանրապետական Կուսակցություն, ՀՀԿ;Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun, HHK) Prospe...
 Born in Stepanakert on 30 June 1954. 3rd and current President of Armenia; assumed officeon 9 April 2008. Won the Febr...
 Born in Kirovakan (now Vanadzor) on 29 January 1960. Current PM of Armenia; assumed office on 9 April 2008. Attended L...
 National conservative political party inArmenia. Founded on 2 April 1990 and registered on14 May 1991; was independent ...
 Shortened to ԲՀԿ or BHK; liberalconservative political party in Armenia. Was founded by the wealthy Armenianbusinessman...
Politics of Armenia
Politics of Armenia
Politics of Armenia
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Politics of Armenia

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Transcript of "Politics of Armenia"

  1. 1. Benedict (Viktor) Gombocz
  2. 2.  Location: Eastern Europe, betweenTurkey (tothe west) andAzerbaijan Area Total: 29,743 sq km Country comparison to the world: 143 Land: 28,203 sq km Water: 1,540 sq km Area – comparative: Slightly smaller thanMaryland Land boundaries: Total: 1,254 km Border countries:Azerbaijan (mainland) 566 km,Azerbaijan (Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia164 km, Iran 35 km,Turkey 268 km Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
  3. 3.  Christianity, existent in Armenia for morethan 1,700 years, is followed by up to 97%ofArmenians. Armenia has its own church, the ArmenianApostolic Church, followed by the majorityofArmenian people.
  4. 4.  Armenian Apostolic 94.7% Other Christian 4% Yezidi (monotheist with characteristicsof nature worship) 1.3%
  5. 5.  The political system of Armenia functions in a structure of a presidentialrepresentative democratic republic, with the President as the head ofgovernment, and of a platform multi-party structure. The government exercises executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
  6. 6.  Capital (and largest city):Yerevan Official language(s):Armenian Demonym:Armenian Government: Presidential republic President: Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister:Tigran Sargsyan Speaker: Hovik Abrahamyan Legislature: National Assembly
  7. 7.  Armenia achieved independence from theTranscaucasian Democratic Federative Republicon 28 May 1918 as the Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA). After the DRA dissolved on 2 December 1920, it was annexed into the Soviet Union andbecame part of theTranscaucasian SFSR, which collapsed in 1936; Armenia became aconstituent republic of the Soviet Union known as the Armenian SSR. Since it declared independence from the Soviet Union on 23 September 1991, the country’sofficial name has been the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: ՀայաստանիՀանրապետություն; Hayastani Hanrapetutyun). Armenia’s data code is AM. Yerevan is the capital and biggest city of Armenia. Apart from theYerevan administrative region, Armenia is divided into ten administrativedivisions, called marzer (singular: marz); these are Ararat, Aragatsotn, Armavir,Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lori, Shirak, Syunik,Tavush, and Vayots Dzor. Armenia’s flag is composed of three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue (middle), andorange (bottom).
  8. 8.  Presidents: LevonTer-Petrossian Robert Kocharyan Serzh Sargsyan Prime Ministers: Andranik Margaryan Aram Sargsyan Vazgen Sargsyan Armen Darbinyan Robert Kocharyan Armen Sargsyan Hrant Bagratyan Khosrov Harutyunyan Gagik Harutyunyan Vazgen Manukyan
  9. 9.  The legislative branch of Armenia’sgovernment is the National Assembly ofArmenia (Azgayin Zhoghov). The National Assembly of Armenia is a 131-member unicameral body; those membersare elected to five-year terms: 90 memberssit in single-seat constituencies and 41through proportional representation; theproportional-representation seats in theNational Assembly are assigned on a party-list basis among those parties that acquireno less than5% of the total of the numberof votes.
  10. 10.  Political corruption in Armenian society is a problem. In 2008,Transparency International reduced its Corruption Perceptions Index forArmenia from 3.0 in 2007 to 2.9 out of 10 (a lower score indicates more allegedcorruption). Armenia fell from 99th place in 2007 to 109th out of 180 total countries surveyed (tyingwithArgentina, Belize, Moldova, the Solomon Islands, andVanuatu). In spite of legislative amendments in terms of elections and party investment,corruption either continues or has come back in new sorts. The United Nations Development Programme in Armenia sees corruption in theCaucasian country as “a serious challenge to its development.”
  11. 11.  Republican Party of Armenia (ՀայաստանիՀանրապետական Կուսակցություն, ՀՀԿ;Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun, HHK) Prosperous Armenia (ԲարգավաճՀայաստանի Կուսակցություն, ԲՀԿ ;Bargavach Hayastani Kusaktsutyun, BHK) Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ՀայՀեղափոխական Դաշնակցություն, ՀՅԴ;Hay Heghapokhakan Dashnaktsutyun, ARF) Rule of Law (Օրինաց ԵրկիրԿուսակցություն, ՕԵԿ; OrinatsYerkir, OEK) Heritage (ԺառանգությունԿուսակցություն; Zharangutyun) Non-partisans (Անկուսակցական եւխմբակցություններում չընդգրկված)
  12. 12.  Born in Stepanakert on 30 June 1954. 3rd and current President of Armenia; assumed officeon 9 April 2008. Won the February 2008 presidential election with thesupport of the governing Republican Party of Armenia,of which he is currently the chairman. Was re-elected as President on 18 February 2013. Both elections were the subject of controversy by theopposition, who alleged that Sargsyan rigged theelections. Entered Yerevan State University in 1971, served in theSoviet Armed Forces from 1971-1972, and graduatedfrom the Philological Department of Yerevan StateUniversity in 1979. Married his wife, Rita, in 1983; they have twodaughters, Anush and Satenik, and onegranddaughter, Mariam. Also serves as the chairman of the Armenian ChessFederation. His native Armenian aside, he speaks fluent Russian. Is not related to Armenia’s current PM, TigranSargsyan.
  13. 13.  Born in Kirovakan (now Vanadzor) on 29 January 1960. Current PM of Armenia; assumed office on 9 April 2008. Attended Leningrad’s Voznesenski Financial and EconomicInstitute from 1980-1983; his post-graduate education from 1983-1987 ended in earning his PhD degree. Worked as the Chief of Department for Foreign EconomicRelations of Scientific Researches Institute of Economic Planning inArmenia from 1987-1990. Worked at the post of Chairman of Republican Council of YoungSpecialists and Scientists from 1988-1993. Served as a member of the Supreme Council of the Republic ofArmenia and the Chair of Standing Commission for Financial,Credit and, Budget Affairs from 1990-1995. Also served as the Director of Scientific Researches Institute ofSocial Reforms and as the Chairman of Armenian BanksAssociation from 1995-1998. Occupied the position of Chairman of the Central Bank of Armenia(CBA) from 3 March 1998; was re-elected by the Armenian NationalAssembly as CBA Chairman for a second seven-year term on 2March 2005. As many as 92 MPs took part in the vote; 86 voted for hiscandidacy. Was the chairman of CBA until 9 April 2008, when he was namedPM Armenia by President Serzh Sargsyan (to whom he has norelation) upon the latter’s swearing in. Is married; has three children (one daughter, Nelly Sargsyan, andtwo sons, Armen and Abgar Sargsyan).
  14. 14.  National conservative political party inArmenia. Founded on 2 April 1990 and registered on14 May 1991; was independent Armenia’sfirst political party. Is the right-wing’s biggest party inArmenia; claims membership of 140,000. Manages most government bodies inArmenia. Has been characterized by The Economistmagazine as a “typical post-Soviet ‘party ofpower’ mainly comprising seniorgovernment officials, civil servants, andwealthy business people dependent ongovernment connections.”
  15. 15.  Shortened to ԲՀԿ or BHK; liberalconservative political party in Armenia. Was founded by the wealthy Armenianbusinessman GagikTsarukian on 30 April2004, when the party’s constituentcongress occurred. Debuted in the 2007 Armenianparliamentary elections; took 18 seatsand 14.68% of the votes, making itparliament’s second biggest politicalparty.

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