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Anaphylaxis Poster

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  • Transcript

    • 1. ANAPHYLAXIS Life-Threatening Allergies
    • 2. Allergic Reactions
        • Insects, Bees
        • Latex or Rubber
      Types of life-threatening allergies usually seen in students :
      • Peanuts and Tree Nuts
      • Foods
    • 3. Latex Allergies
      • Some students, such as those with spina bifida, have latex precautions or allergies. Items that may contain latex (rubber) in include:
        • Gloves
        • Toys
        • Pencil Erasers
        • Balloons
      • Use non-latex gloves and avoid these in class.
    • 4. Nut and Peanut Allergies
      • Students can be allergic to only tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, etc) and OK to eat peanuts.
      • Some students can be allergic to only peanuts and OK to eat tree nuts.
      • Items that contain nuts are not always obvious. If there is any question, substitute the questionable food item with a known “safe” replacement.
      • The student’s specific allergies will be identified in the health care plan.
    • 5. Anaphylaxis
      • When the allergic reaction is life-threatening it is called ANAPHYLAXIS.
      • Students with Anaphylaxis should have a health care plan prepared by the school nurse.
      • Teachers with students with Anaphylaxis should be familiar with the care plan and emergency actions necessary.
    • 6. Anaphylaxis Symptoms
      • Throat “closing off”
      • Rapid onset
      • Sweating
      • Weakness
      • Feelings of apprehension
      • Tingling in mouth, face, or throat
      • Itching
      • Wheezing
      • Shallow respirations
      • Loss of consciousness
    • 7. What is an “Epi-pen”?
      • Many people with Anaphylaxis carry an “epi-pen” with them at all times.
      • An “Epi-pen” contains a single dose of epinephrine (adrenalin) that when given, will open the airways for approximately 15 minutes and allow them to breathe.
      • This is only temporary relief. You must also call 911 when a student has an Anaphylaxis reaction.
    • 8. How To Use An Epi-Pen
      • Remove safety cap when ready to use.
      • Place black tip on thigh at right angle to leg. You do not need to remove the clothing.
      • Press hard, through the clothing, into the thigh until you hear a click.
      • Hold for 10 seconds against thigh.
    • 9. Epi-Pen Use
      • Massage injection area for 10 seconds.
      • Call 911 immediately
      • Put Epi-Pen back into its yellow tubing to send with the student when EMS arrives.
      • Note the time you used the epi-pen.
      • Be prepared to initiate CPR if breathing stops.
      Call 911 immediately
    • 10. Be Prepared
      • Know your student’s specific health concerns.
      • Review and be familiar with the health care plan.
      • Call your school nurse with questions.
      • Know where the epi-pen is to be stored: carried by student or kept with other medications in the school office .