The rights based approach to water and sanitation a framework for measuring governance

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This powerpoint presentation held by Lara El-Jazairi at the Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions, Right to Water Programme, provides an overview of rights based indicators and how they can be used by governments and other actors to monitor progress in achieving the right to water and sanitation.

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The rights based approach to water and sanitation a framework for measuring governance

  1. 1. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere The rights-based approach to water and sanitation: A framework for measuring governance Cairo, June 2009 Lara El-Jazairi COHRE, Right to Water Programme www.cohre.org
  2. 2. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Structure of presentation 1) An overview of the scope and content of the right to water and sanitation, and nature of a State’s obligations 2) An overview of rights based indicators and how they can be used by governments and other actors to monitor progress in achieving the right to water and sanitation and enhance the quality of programmes in the water and sanitation sector www.cohre.org
  3. 3. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Legal Basis for the right to water and sanitation • The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (right to an adequate standard of living, right to health) • The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women • The Convention on the Rights of the Child www.cohre.org
  4. 4. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Content of the right to water and sanitation: General Comment No. 15 (2002) All people have the right to: Sufficient water Safe water and sanitation Accessible water and sanitation services and facilities Affordable water and sanitation services and facilities www.cohre.org
  5. 5. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Main principles of a rights based approach to water and sanitation • Emphasis on participation • Emphasis on non-discrimination • Emphasis on accountability • Emphasis on transparency and access to information www.cohre.org
  6. 6. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Types of State obligations • Respect: States must refrain from interfering directly or indirectly with the enjoyment of the right to water and sanitation • Protect: States must prevent third parties from interfering in any way with the enjoyment of the right to water and sanitation • Fulfil: States must facilitate, promote and provide water and sanitation services for those who do not currently enjoy their right to water and sanitation www.cohre.org
  7. 7. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Actions to be taken by States include: • Development of law and policy measures to entrench protection and facilitate realisation of the right to water and sanitation; • Development and implementation of a national plan of action, which includes the delivery of services to the most vulnerable, without any form of discrimination; • Participation of individuals and groups in the development of policies and programmes; • Accountability and monitoring mechanisms, which allow for the participation of individuals and groups. www.cohre.org
  8. 8. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere General Comment No.15: The Right to Water, on Indicators Right to water indicators should be identified in the national water strategies or plans of action to assist monitoring Indicators should address the different components of RTWS (sufficiency, safety, affordability, accessibility) Indicators should be disaggregated by prohibited grounds of discrimination www.cohre.org
  9. 9. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere HR indicators useful for • States, who wish to assess and improve the effectiveness and design of their policies • National human rights institutions and international human rights treaty bodies which measure human rights performance • International organisations, UN Agencies, NGOs to inform policy and focus their work • National ministries, to measure local government progress, inform and improve policy • Civil society and communities: lobbying, calling for an improvement in the delivery of services etc www.cohre.org
  10. 10. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Rights based indicators require the development of: • Structural indicators: Non-quantifiable, legal and policy environment for delivery of human right to water and sanitation • Process indicators: Quantifiable response, proportion of budget being spent on delivery of services/upgrading services for those who have limited access • Outcome indicators: Same as many development indicators, which individuals and groups have access etc. www.cohre.org
  11. 11. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Benefits of rights based indicators Monitor actions of States and other actors Monitor both process and outcome –assess State’s efforts to realize the right Strengthen human development indicators by focus on disaggregated data Prioritize use of scarce resources – guide policy development and implementation Broaden the scope of current development indicators www.cohre.org
  12. 12. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Difficulties may include: Capturing ‘progressive realisation’ - benchmarks Collecting disaggregated data requires significant human and financial resources Some minorities may not wish to be categorized separately www.cohre.org
  13. 13. Centre On Housing Rights and Evictions – Housing Rights for Everyone, Everywhere Thank you! ‫ﺷﻜﺮا‬ ً
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